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Session 3.1: Protection Monitoring and Assessment in Natural Disasters. Protection Monitoring and Assessment in Natural Disasters . (Place) – (Date). What is monitoring and why does it matter? What are the principles of monitoring? How can protection needs be assessed?

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protection monitoring and assessment in natural disasters

Session 3.1:

Protection Monitoring and Assessment in Natural Disasters

Protection Monitoring and Assessment in Natural Disasters

(Place) – (Date)

overview

What is monitoring and why does it matter?

  • What are the principles of monitoring?
  • How can protection needs be assessed?
  • What groups should monitoring protection target?

Overview

what is monitoring

What is monitoring?

Mount Merapi, Indonesia

Picture: AP Photo/Gembong Nusantara,

from: http://news.uk.msn.com/photos/special-photo-galleries/photos.aspx?cp-documentid=155105230&page=20

why monitor

Accountability 

  • Results-orientation 
  • Adaptability
  • Mitigation

Why monitor?

why monitor cont

Needs based

  • Performance Management
  • Comprehensiveness
  • Equity

Why monitor? (cont.)

what should be monitored

During the response phase:

    • Rights related to physical security, integrity and dignity
    • Rights related to basic necessities
    • Equal access to assistance or non-discrimination in aid provision
  • During the recovery phase:
    • Rights related to economic, social and cultural protection needs
    • Rights related to civil and political protection needs
    • Equal access to assistance or non-discrimination in aid provision
    • Effectiveness of protection programs

What should be monitored?

the essentials of monitoring

Aim: Collect data  on vulnerable populations in hazard prone or affected areas to inform response

  • Method: Participation of the community; agency questionnaires/indicators  
  • Expertise: Requires skilled professionals with specialist competencies 

The essentials of monitoring

minimum standards for protection

Prioritize safety and dignity of disaster affected persons and communities

  • Contextual analysis including protection risks 
  • Equitability and impartiality
  • Consultation and participation
  • State has primary responsibility for protection 
  • Prioritize vulnerable groups needs 
  • Policies for advocacy response 
  • Respond to human rights abuses

Minimum standards for Protection

examples of common standards

Sphere Project Minimum Standards

  • Humanitarian Accountability Standard
  • Interagency Network for Education in EmergencyStandards
  • Red Cross Code of Conduct
  • Good Enough Guide
  • Standards and Indicators in UNHCR Operation

Examples of common standards

implementing common standards for monitoring

Joint assessment mission

  • Joint monitoring mechanism – checklists and guidelines
  • Agency focal points
  • Start monitoring as soon as possible focusing on a few key elements
  • Broaden the scope as resources and time permit

Implementing common standards for monitoring 

vulnerable groups for special monitoring attention

Children, especially infants

  • Women
  • Older people
  • HIV/AIDS patients
  • Internally displaced persons
  • People with mental or physical disabilities
  • Indigenous people
  • Other marginalized groups

Vulnerable groups for special monitoring attention

monitoring allows decision makers to see

Protection status of different vulnerable target groups over time

  • Changes in social behavior patterns
  • Changes in migration/displacement movements
  • Positive and negative effects of the intervention

Monitoring allows decision makers to see:

thinking beyond monitoring

Be aware of community expectations

  • Ensure availability of mechanisms for redress
  • Support states’ assumption of responsibility for protection monitoring

Thinking beyond monitoring:

questions

Questions?

Thank you!