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Religion and Intercultural Communication
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Religion and Intercultural Communication

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  1. Religion and Intercultural Communication World Religions

  2. Religious Influences on Communication Christianity Islam Hinduism Judaism Indigenous Buddhism Video Slow motion medium shot woman in black nikab Visual http://biglizards.net/Graphics/ForegroundPix/Major_religions_2005_pie_large.png World Religions

  3. Sikhism • Disciples of Guru Nanak (1469-1539) and his nine successors who lived after him in the area currently defined as north-west India and Pakistan. Picture sources http://www.wisegorilla.com/images/sikh/SIKHISM.gif and http://www.religionfacts.com/sikhism/images/golden-temple-sikh-cc-claude-renault-565.jpg World Religions

  4. Sikhism • There is one creator God, whom Sikhs called Satnam (“true name”). • The idea of the Guru is central: God as guru; religious leaders as gurus; scripture as guru; community as guru. • Sikhs share with Hinduism a belief in karma, reincarnation and ultimate unreality of the world. • Dedicated (khalsa) Sikhs are distinguished by their uncut hair, comb, metal bangle, knee-length pants and small dagger. • They are opposed to parts of the caste system and their temples have communal kitchens where people are encouraged to eat together. • They encourage tolerance of other religious traditions, which Sikh temples symbolise by having four doors facing each point of the compass inviting anyone to enter. • They abstain from alcohol and tobacco. • Sikhism is not a missionary religion, but people can convert. World Religions

  5. Buddhism Noble Path • Right understanding. • Embracing an attitude of selflessness, compassion and goodwill. • Right speech: always telling the truth. • Right action: not hurting or killing other living beings. • Avoiding occupations that hurt other people. • Wholesome emotional states. • Being aware of what goes on in one’s body and mind. • Using meditation to achieve greater mental awareness. Source http://www.googobits.com/articles/p5-1165-buddhism-101.html http://idology.files.wordpress.com/2008/12/buddha_2.jpg World Religions

  6. http://cache.virtualtourist.com/2138972-Makkah_The_Qiblah-Mecca.jpghttp://cache.virtualtourist.com/2138972-Makkah_The_Qiblah-Mecca.jpg Islam • Basis: Koran and One God Allah. • Prophet Mohammed (May Peace and Blessings Be With You). • 85 Commandments (pray, fast, give alms, pilgrimage to Mecca). • Various interpretations. World Religions http://www.cnn.com/WORLD/meast/9804/03/hajj.pilgrims/saudi.arabia.mecca.jpg

  7. Hinduism Video: Religions of the World - Hinduism • Originated in India. • Oldest philosophical-theological system. • No single set of beliefs. • God is important. • Importance of family, guru, cow, reincarnation. Krishna Hindu Wedding | Bloomsbury Films ® Lord Shiva World Religions

  8. Judaism • Heritage to Moses. • Exile & Persecution. • Israel as Homeland. • Sacred Text is Torah. • Sabbath Begins on Friday Sunset—No creation. http://tikkiro.files.wordpress.com/2008/04/605judaism.gif World Religions

  9. Native Religions • Many different sets of beliefs. World Religions http://www.interfaithcalendar.org/2009.htm

  10. Muslims - Blue Roman Catholics - Yellow Protestants - Orange Christians from various churches - Red Indigenous religions - Purple Orthodox Christians - Dark red Mormons - Light blue This map is taken from Encyclopedia Britannica (2003). World Religions http://www.mapsorama.com/maps/world/map_world_religions.gif

  11. NOVEMBER 2009 1 All Saints' Day - Christian Samhain * - Wicca Northern hemisphere Beltane * - Wicca Southern hemisphere 2 All Souls' Day - Catholic Christian Guru Nanak Dev Sahib birthday Sikh 12 Birth of Baha'u'llah * - Baha'i 15 Nativity Fast begins (through Dec 24) - Orthodox Christian 22 Christ the King - Christian 24 Guru Tegh Bahadur Martyrdom - Sikh 25-28 Hajj * - Islam 26 Thanksgiving - Interfaith - USA Day of Covenant * - Baha'i Waqf al Arafa - Hajj Day * ** - Islam 27 Eid al Adha * ** - Islam 28 Ascension of 'Abdu'l-Baha * Baha'i 29 First Sunday of Advent - Christian 30 Saint Andrew's Day - Christian Does Employer Respect Religious Holidays? http://www.interfaithcalendar.org/2009.htm World Religions

  12. 6 Saint Nicholas Day - Christian 8 Bodhi Day  (Rohatsu) ** - Buddhism Immaculate Conception - Catholic Christian 12 Feast day - Our Lady of Guadalupe - Catholic Christian Advent Fast begins - Orthodox Christian 12-19 Hanukkah * - Jewish 16-Dec 25 Posadas Navidenas - Christian 18 Hijra - New Year * ** - Islam 21 Solstice Yule - Christian Yule * - Wicca  northern hemisphere Litha * - Wicca  southern hemisphere 25 Christmas * - Christian 26 Zarathosht Diso (Death of Prophet Zarathushtra  ** - Zoroastrian 27 Feast of the Holy Family - Catholic Christian Ashura * - Islam 28 Holy Innocents - Christian 31 Watch Night - Christian DECEMBER 2009 World Religions

  13. Humanism • Intellectual Movement from Italian Renaissance. • Ethics. • Respect for Humanity. World Religions

  14. How does a person’s system of beliefs affect communication? • How can you improve communication by having a basic understanding of different religions or philosophical systems? World Religions