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Struggle for Democracy in Africa

Struggle for Democracy in Africa

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Struggle for Democracy in Africa

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  1. Struggle for Democracy in Africa Why has Africa struggled in gaining democratic governments?

  2. Ghana 1947-57: • Kwame Nkrumah leads • non-violent movement for • indp in British Gold Coast. • 2)After ind, Nkrumah becomes • President for life, costly • projects & more Pan-African • focus hurts his country Algeria 1954-62: 1)Communist FLN led by Ahmed Ben Bella rebel against French Govt. 2)DeGaullesends in 500K troops but France loses. 3) US backed Islamic rebels overthrow Bella’s gov in 65

  3. Nigeria 1960-1970 1)British give independence to Fulani (majority) 2) Igbo (minority) attempt to form own nation causing a civil war, 1.2 million Nigerians killed Kenya: 1952-1963 1)Mau Mau start revolution against British using guerilla warfare. 2) Kenyan leader Jomo Kenyatta wrongly jailed for starting revolution

  4. Congo 1960-65: 1) MNC win elections, Patrice Lumumba is PM 2) After part of country threatens to secede, Joseph Mobuto overthrows Lumumba govt (has support of US & West) 3) Mobuto rules as dictator, changes country to Zaire Angola: 1960-75 1) Comm. rebels (MPLA) start revolution against Portuguese Gov, rebels win 2) US backs anti-communist group causing a civil war, 500K killed

  5. Uganda: 1) IdiAmin takes power in a coup 2) Aminexpels foreigners & nationalizes businesses. 3) 1971-1979: Kills 300K Rwanda: 1) Tutsi minority rule after independence. 2) Hutu majority wins election in 1994. 3)Hutu army and militia groups kill one million Tutsis South Africa: 1)Dutch Afrikaners (Boers) control Gov 2)Set up Apartheid system that segregates blacks & whites 3) Apartheid ends in 1991, when Nelson Mandela’s ANC wins election