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Accessibility : How does it impact you?

Accessibility : How does it impact you?. Jay Wyant, MN CIAO Digital Learning Forum November 11, 2013. Objectives. Understand the basics of EIT accessibility , with a focus on multimedia and documents Articulate the value propositions of accessible e-learning programs

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Accessibility : How does it impact you?

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  1. Accessibility: How does it impact you? Jay Wyant, MN CIAO Digital Learning Forum November 11, 2013

  2. Objectives • Understand the basics of EIT accessibility, with a focus on multimedia and documents • Articulate the value propositionsof accessible e-learning programs • Identify key strategies and best practices for creating accessible e-learning materials

  3. Who Are You? • Website/application developer • Instructional designer • Content creator/writer • Graphic designer • Animations creator • Media/video producer • All of the above • Other?

  4. The Office of Accessibility • 2009 law • Advisory Committee & work groups • 2011 recommendations to legislature • State Accessibility Standard

  5. Accessibility quote by Tim Berners-Lee “The power of the Web is in its universality. Access by everyone regardless of disability is an essential aspect.” -- Tim Berners-Lee W3C Director and inventor of the World Wide Web

  6. Accessibility Quick Quiz • What is Accessibility? • What is Accommodation? • What is Assistive Technology (AT)?

  7. Accessibility Terminology • ADA compatible • 508 compliant • Screen-reader friendly • “Certified Organic”?

  8. Accessibility Laws and Standards MN Statutes • MN 2009 law (chapter131) • 2013 statutes:363A.42 (Public Records) and363A.43 (Cont’ Ed) State Standard • Section 508 • WCAG 2.0 Federal • ADA (Title II)

  9. Discussion Question • How is usability different than accessibility?

  10. Interactivity Considerations

  11. Technology Considerations

  12. Demo: Screen Reader • Screen readers not same as text-to-speech • Most popular readers: • Freedom Scientific’s JAWS • NVDA • Demo:

  13. Issues to Watch For • Interface: how does the user manipulate the resources? • Content: ordering and markup • Multimedia: captioning and audio description • Project management: accounting for time and costs

  14. Case Studies • Website/Interface Accessibility • Document Accessibility • Media Accessibility • Advance to Summary

  15. Case Study: Document Accessibility • OS • MS Office • PDF/Adobe Acrobat

  16. “Top 5” Tips for Word Documents • Use heading styles • Use Alt Text • Avoid text boxes and tables for layout • Give hyperlinks meaningful names • Don’t rely on color to convey meaning

  17. Sample of Word document styles

  18. Alt Text

  19. Text Boxes & Tables • Text boxes are not accessible • Tables are for data organization only • Use columns feature instead of table to flow text

  20. Meaningful Hyperlinks • Click here for best practices on creating purposeful hyperlinks • Best practices on creating purposeful hyperlinks • Clearly demonstrate what the link will do, such as when going to a form (opens in new tab) • Indicate document type (PDF) (Word)

  21. Example:Color Treatments

  22. Example: Pattern Treatments (Bar)

  23. Example: Pattern Treatments (Pie)

  24. PDF Conversion • Adobe Acrobat 9,X, or XI • Must have Pro or Suite version • Conversion vs. testing • Clean originating doc is best • Word vs. other file formats • Who should do it?

  25. A Look at the Innards of a PDF

  26. Case Study:Web Sites & Interfaces

  27. Current trends: accessible web development • WAI-ARIA • Responsive design • Iterative testing during development • Testing tools and resources

  28. Key Issues for User Interaction • Navigation • Mouse & keyboard issues • Images and non-text elements • Forms

  29. Navigation and links • Consistent navigation (predictable) • Skip to content • Clear pathways (breadcrumb) • Meaningful link text that conveys purpose

  30. Mouse and keyboard issues • Test with keyboard only • Focus: visible and orderly • Do not rely upon mouse clicks • Avoid tedious clicking issues (pick lists, menus)

  31. Images and non-text elements • ALT tags for informative images (non-decorative) • Link to descriptions for longer text blocks • Decorative images presented with CSS (not in content) • Contrast ratio between background and text

  32. Forms • Label tags for ALL input points • Correct tab sequence • Access keys for complex, long and laborious forms that are used frequently • Navigable and able to submit with keyboard

  33. Testing for accessibility

  34. Test Early and Test Often • Keyboard testing • WAVE and WAT Toolbars • Color contrast tools

  35. Transition page • Back to case study list • Advance to summary

  36. Case Study:Media Accessibility

  37. Requirements • Video • Audio description (prerecorded) • Captioning (prerecorded and live) • Captions vs. Subtitles • Audio • Text Transcript • Accessible user interfaces and controls

  38. Strategies: Video • Purpose • Why a video? • What’s the information? • Planning • Scripting: include descriptions of key visuals • Speaker instructions: describe visual’s message • How will you visually represent the audio? • Execution • Time frame for all processes • Budget

  39. Issues and Tools/Resources • To YouTube or Not? • Auto time stamping a transcript • Alternative tools: • In-house vs. hiring a pro • Best practices: DCMP • Live vs. recorded captioning • Live: CART or captioning? • User interface • Caption toggle • Description toggle (or separate video) • Accessible controls

  40. Make accessibility part of the solution • Back to case study list • Advance to summary

  41. MN.IT Office of Accessibility • Outreach/awareness • Policies/procedures • Training • Purchasing • Support services • Tools and resources

  42. Accessibility is Infrastructure • Avoidadd-ons • Culture shock • Reduce long-term costs

  43. Build accessibility into processes • Design & Development • Websites & Applications • Content Creation • Word, PowerPoint and PDF Documents • Video, Webcasts, Podcasts and Multimedia • Systems • Processes • Workflow

  44. Questions?

  45. Thank You! Jay Wyant

  46. Notes for update • Draw parallels between “508 compliant” and “ADA compliant” and that of “Certified Organic.” • Include examples of descriptive narration & captioning and when to use them: Carole, and Robb Jacobs: DCMP • Accessible interfaces: pc/mac and tablets (captioning essentials? CDC? • Add usability image – door handle • Talk about testing, notably via keyboard, no audio, etc. as well as tools such as WAVE. • Demo adaptive tech – why tiny radio buttons can be a problem • Switch – light switch analogy – turns on/off whatever it is plugged into – mouse, or a particular mouse function such as scroll, or something else •

  47. Some potential ‘specifics’ that came back from them; • Everyone in this group has had experience creating online learning modules or courses, so they face the 508 law regularly. You may not be able to cite or show specific examples of ‘good’ online course that are compliant, but examples and solutions to meeting the challenge of creating 508 compliant eLearning, would be a great topic & discussion.   • Another area would be some definition, examples and lively discussion on the follow: what is in the section 508 law? What is the purpose for Descriptive Narration? What is Closed Captioning? Also, should there be waivers for accessibility? • One aspect that they have NOT seen is the adaptive technology that you brought to our April session in St. Cloud. Obviously seeing someone demo. these tools, as you did for our group, would be very useful & interesting to the DLF audience.

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