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11/19/12 West Africa. Objective: Describe the impact of the spread of Islam and list 4 locations where the religion spread other than the Middle East Do Now: List 4 locations where Islam spread between 600-1400 CE Middle East Conflict? West Africa Mali in the News.

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11 19 12 west africa
11/19/12 West Africa

Objective: Describe the impact of the spread of Islam and list 4 locations where the religion spread other than the Middle East

  • Do Now: List 4 locations where Islam spread between 600-1400 CE
  • Middle East Conflict?
  • West Africa
  • Mali in the News
slide5
Anatolia/Turkey

Spain- Cordoba

India- Turks/Delhi Sultanate

West Africa

late abbasid eras
Late Abbasid Eras
  • Abbasid empire weakened, 9th-13th centuries
    • Extravagance
    • Shi’a revolts and assignation attempts
    • Succession not secure- led to civil war
    • Decline in position of women
      • Harems, veil, upper class forces to stay in home, slaves were more educated- polygamy -
    • Nomadic attacks
      • Buyaids then Seljuk Turks took Baghdad
        • Turks purged Shia and added strength to defend against Egypt and Byzantines
interactive map spread of islam
Interactive Map Spread of Islam
  • http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MEDIA_1/history/MHL/WW/interactiveMaps/Expansion_of_Islam/Expansion_of_Islam.htm
achievements in the sciences
Achievements in the Sciences
  • Math
    • Built on Greek work
  • Chemistry
    • Experimentation
    • Specific weights
  • Map making
  • Paper making, silk, ceramic pottery
    • Captured Chinese who knew how to make paper)
slide12
Did Arab conquerors reach a “natural” limit (I) to expansion due to geography?

- Taurus mountains/Hindu Kush/Pyrenees

slide15
Early tolerance for Christians, and Hebrews

Lots of interaction and learning

Many Christians adopted culture but not Islam

Tension rose with Crusades and Reconquista

christian crusades
Christian Crusades
  • 1099 Jerusalem is taken (Muslims face political divisions and are taken by surprise)
    • Jews and Muslims are massacred
  • Saladin- unites Muslims and retakes lands
    • Last of 8 crusades 1291
impact christian crusades
Impact Christian Crusades
  • Muslim World- little impact
  • Europe- hard to say because of interactions with Muslim Spain
    • Weapons damascene swords
    • Techniques for building fortifications
    • Physicians
    • Recovery of Greek learning
    • Arabic numerals (Indian numerals)
    • Rugs/cloth
    • Foods- dates, coffee, yogurt
anatolia
Anatolia
  • Turks invaded Anatolia the same time as India
  • Sufi missionaries- replaced Christian institutions
  • Large conversions 90% by 1500
    • Smaller population- but large Turkish settlement
    • Destruction of Byzantine society
    • Social benefits to conversion
patterns of conversion
Patterns of Conversion
  • Converts especially among Buddhists, lower castes, untouchables
    • Also, conversion to escape taxes
  • Muslims fleeing Mongols, 13th, 14th centuries
  • High-caste Hindus remain apart
    • Muslims also often fail to integrate
the coming of islam to south asia india
The Coming of Islam to South Asia (India)
  • By 1200, Muslims rule much of north, central
  • Conflict between two different systems
    • Hindu religion v. Muslim monotheism
    • Muslim egalitarianism v. Indian caste system
indian influences on islamic civilization
Indian Influences on Islamic Civilization
  • Science, math, medicine, music, astronomy---ZERO!!!!!
    • India influences Arab world!!!!
stand off the muslim presence in india at the end of the sultanate period
Stand-off: The Muslim Presence in India at the End of the Sultanate Period
  • Brahmins v. ulama (Scholars)
    • Separate communities
trans sahara trade click for video
Trans-Sahara Trade (click for video)
  • Ghana, Mali, and Songhai were powerful trading kingdoms ruled by monarchs
    • Drew upon trade wealth, slaves
    • Like East Africa: cosmopolitan, urban, visitors, Islam
slide34
Peaceful – not conquest- traders

Mostly Urban

Provided leaders with legitimacy

Timbuktu – 150 schools/ libraries

Arabic becomes the language of trade

No Sharia or Islamic law!!!

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