S yntax . Structures of sentences. Syntax isâ€¦. Openness Ordering words in sequences to express meanings for which no separate word exists. Meanings we want to express far outstretch the resources provided by the lexicon & morphology. Syntax isâ€¦. Openness
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Structures of sentences
Simples Ss or their modified versions = clauses
Same phrase patterns (NP VP PP) but NP is an Actor ‘doers of event’ (in 1) and an Undergoer ‘patient or sufferer’ (in 2)… (Verb = Event)