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Personality and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator ®
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  1. Personality and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator®

  2. Agenda • What is personality type? • Theoretical background • Development and framework of the MBTI • Interpretation of type • Communication and decision-making • Ethics of typology • Determining your MBTI type

  3. What is Personality Type? • Categorization of people • Descriptive not prescriptive • Generally stable over time • Tool for understanding self and others

  4. Theoretical Background • Carl Jung • Contemporary of Sigmund Freud • Basic theory of personality type: people are fundamentally different and yet fundamentally alike • An individual’s behavior reflects a pattern that indicates his or her preference for energy source, data collection, and decision making

  5. Theoretical Background • Isabel Briggs Myers and Katherine Briggs • Extension of Jungian theory • Observation and research • Added a dimension regarding lifestyle choices • Development of an instrument

  6. Development of the MBTI • Self-reported and nonjudgmental psychological instrument categorizing people • Based on mental “preferences” • We develop strength, skills, and abilities with one hand and underdevelop the other, but we still use both hands • We have dominant personality traits and auxiliary traits which surface under certain conditions • Normative data set

  7. Framework of the MBTI • Mental processes • Perceptions • Judgments • Mental orientations • Energy orientation • Outer world orientation

  8. Mental Processes • Perceptions • How you perceive your surroundings • Sensing (S) • Rely on actual data • Gather information through the five senses • Pay attention to details • Intuition (N) • Rely on inspiration • Gather information through “sixth sense” • Look at the big picture

  9. Mental Processes • Judgments • The basis for decision making • Thinking (T) • Base decisions on logic and principles • Objectivity • Feeling (F) • Base decisions on human values and harmonious relationships • Subjectivity

  10. Mental Orientations • Energy orientation • Where you get your energy • Introversion (I) • Energy directed inward • Prefer concepts and ideas • Think before speaking • Extraversion (E) • Energy directed outward • Prefer to interact with people and things • Speak before thinking

  11. Mental Orientations • Outer world orientation • The lifestyle used to deal with your environment, i.e., most often used mental preference • Judging (J) • Decisiveness, closure • Value task or project completion • Perceiving (P) • Curiosity, flexibility • Value starting a task or project

  12. Interpretation of MBTI • I/E, S/N, T/F, J/P • 16 possible types • Relation to: • Cognitive ability or general intelligence • Other personality characteristics • Communication style

  13. Communication Using Type • Basic compatibility • Focus on style recognition and understanding • Appropriate response the key • Avoid stereotypes • Appreciate the uniqueness of each person

  14. Decision-Making Using Type • Recognize how group members may complement or contrast each other • On the other hand, watch out for groupthink! • Focus on respectful debate and compromise • Appreciate the unique value of each person’s viewpoint and input

  15. Ethics of Typology • Should employers use it for…? • Selection • Team building • Conflict management • Performance appraisal • Career path decisions • Should companies target personalities? • Using the MBTI® instrument

  16. What’s Your Type? • Short, self-score version of the MBTI attached to your slides • Full version free for UTA students • Complete the inventory online • Register for an interpretation session • Counseling Services (817) 272-3671 • http://caacs.uta.edu/DesktopDefault.aspx?PortalId=10&tabindex=11&tabid=103

  17. What You Should Know • Why do we measure personality type? • What does one’s MBTI type describe? • What are appropriate uses of personality type? • What are inappropriate uses?