Housing and Interior Design FACS – Unit 3
Housing Choices • Housing is more than a place to live- it creates a total environment that affects every aspect of people's lives. • Other than providing shelter, what purposes do you think your home will serve? • What are the most important characteristics of the home that YOU want to have one day?
Functions of Housing • Meeting physical needs • Shelter, protection, safety, eating, sleeping, etc • Satisfying emotional needs • private/personal space, self-expression, etc • Personal space: the space within your home that you can call your own. • Meeting social needs • Interacting with others indoor/outdoor activities
Single Family: Freestanding • Intended for a single family • Most common type is freestanding • No walls attached to another dwelling. • This is an example of a Customhouse 3.2
Single-Family: Freestanding • Tract houses • Part of a large neighborhood built by developers. • Less expensive • Can lack individuality
Manufactured Housing Single-Family: Freestanding • Pre-assembled in a factory and shipped in sections to a site where they are put together • Quality can rival a custom home, but cheaper and faster.
Single Family: Freestanding • Mobile homes: designed to be movable • Built and assembled at a factory and moved to location • Often attached to a foundation, but can also be put on wheels and transported • Inexpensive 3.2
Single-Family: Attached • Townhouses are built in rows or clusters with several units joined together
“Single-Family”: Attached • Duplex • One building that contains two separate family units. • Sometimes this is one freestanding house that was converted into a duplex • Or can be like two • townhouses in a row 3.2
Multi Family Housing • Apartments • Any structure that has rental units for more than 2 families 3.2
Multi Family Housing • Condominiums • Individually owned units in a multiple-family dwelling • Owner pays a fee to cover maintaining hallways, landscaping, and other common areas 3.2
Multi Family: Attached • Cooperative Apartments • Less common form of ownership • Residents of a multiple-family dwelling form an organization that owns the building • Members must buy shares in the building in order to have a living unit in the building • New members must be voted on before buying shares are allowed. 3.2
Factors to Consider • The way a house looks is only PART of the decision about whether to live there. • Many other factors must be considered and often have more influence than the appearance of the home.
Factors to Consider • Does it meet the needs of the family: • Family size • Stage of the Family Life Cycle • Special needs of family members - handicap accessible, home office, etc • Lifestyle • Job mobility- how often do you move? • Location • Proximity to schools, shopping, church, police and fire stations, parks and recreation 3.2
Factors to Consider • Environment / Condition of neighborhood • If the neighborhood goes downhill, your property value will decrease as well • Accessible technology • High-speed internet access, cable TV availability, city water vs wells, gas, etc. • Affordability • No more than 28%of income • PITI – Principal, Interest, Taxes, and Insurance • Utility expenses 3.2
Elements of Design • Line • Shape • Texture • Space • Color 3.3
Elements of Design • Line • Provides a sense of direction – causes eye to move side to side or up and down • Vertical lines - point to the sky • Horizontal lines - relaxation, informality • Diagonal lines - activity, movement • Curved lines - activity or relaxation, depending on the degree to which they are curved 3.3
Elements of Design • Shape or Form • Make up the object’s shape – outline of the object • Shape becomes three-dimensional, gains depth and is known as form • Shape can make object appear heavy or light 3.3
Elements of Design • Texture • The way a an object’s surfaces look and feel • Dull or Shiny • Smooth or Rough • Plush and soft 3.3
Elements of Design • Space • Three-dimensional area to be designed (room itself) • Also refers to area around or between objects within that space • Can greatly impact “feel” of room • cozy verses crowded 3.3
Elements of Design • Color • Gives great life and beauty to room • Expresses the personality of entire family • Set the mood of a room • Make room seem warmer or cooler • Change the apparent size and shape of a room • Tie other design elements together • Disguise architectural flaws • Creates a center of interest 3.3
Elements of Design - Color • Color Wheel • P – primary • S – Secondary (P+P) • T – Tertiary (P+S) 3.2
Warm and Cool Colors • Cool Colors – Colors of the ocean • green • blue • violet • Warm Colors – Colors of the sunset • yellow • orange • red
Basic Color Schemes • Monochromatic--variations of one color only • light blue, blue, and dark blue • Complementary--made up of 2 colors directly opposite each other on the color wheel • blue and orange • red and green
Basic Color Schemes • Triadic--3 colors the same distance from one another on the color wheel • red, blue and yellow • Analogous--2 or more colors next to each other on the color wheel • blue green, green, and blue • Split complementary--results when a color is combined with colors on each side of its complement • blue, red-orange, yellow-orange
3.7 Name the principles of design • When used together in design, the elements of color, line, form, and texture make sense only when certain principles of design are applied to them. They are: • Proportion • Balance • Emphasis • Rhythm • Harmony
Name the principles of design • Proportion--the way one part of a design relates in size or shape to another or to the whole. • Based on form and size • unequal proportion is more pleasing • Furniture and accessories that are too large will crowd a small room and make the room seem even smaller.
Name the principles of design • Balance--gives a feeling of equal weight among parts of a design. • Formal--objects on each side of an imaginary centerline are the same • Informal--the objects on each side of the center are different in size, form, texture, or color
Name the principles of design • Emphasis--the point of greatest interest • examples--fireplace, flower arrangement, artwork
Name the principles of design • Rhythm--feeling of movement, leading the eye from one point to another • Repetition--repeating color, line, form, texture • Opposition--rhythm formed by lines meeting at right angles • Gradation--created by a change in color value from dark to light • Radiation--lines extend outward from a central point, such as a bouquet of flowers • Transition--rhythm found in curved lines
Name the principles of design • Harmony--the feeling that all parts of a design belong together. • Variety is interesting if objects grouped together have something in common such as color
Imagine… • What would have to be done to make your home safe for an elderly person? • What if the person were almost blind? • Could these changes benefit your family today?
You Need A Plan! • Home Maintenance • Eliminating clutter, cleaning, making minor repairs or changes, and keeping household equipment in good working order. • Good home maintenance can catch small problems from escalating!
Families make together! List tasks for each room. Decide how often tasks should be done. Consider how long each task will take. A Successful Plan Is One That… Then decide who will be responsible for each job!
Sweep or vacuum the kitchen floor. Put away clothes and other belongings. Keep traffic patterns, stairs and doorways free of clutter. Daily Cleaning Tasks You Should Not Avoid! • Wash dishes with hot, soapy water. • Dispose of garbage. • Wipe up food spills as they occur. • Clean kitchen sink and counters.
Washing blankets Cleaning closets Cleaning drawers Occasional Tasks • Cleaning refrigerator • Washing wall and windows • Cleaning blinds and curtains
Ways To Organize Storage • Pick up and put up! • Every room should have storage space. • Two General Guidelines: • Store items near the area they’re used. • Store frequently used items where they can be reached easily.
Selecting Appropriate Cleaning Products • Select products and equipment that do various household cleaning jobs • products that clean more than one type of surface. • Use environmentally friendly products. • Baking soda • Baking soda and vinegar • Many companies are now making “green” cleaners that are less damaging to the environment and can be disposed of safely.
Keep home free of dirt and bacteria. Remove dust and dirt, dispose of garbage and control pests. Make your home a healthy place to live. Maintain A Healthy Environment
Dust and Dirt • Sweep, dust, vacuum, wash and mop • Wipe windowsills and baseboards. • Dust all furnishings. • Work from the top to the bottom. • Use vacuum cleaner • Wash hard floors regularly.
Garbage • Makes a clean house look dirty/messy. • Garbage may contain thousands of germs. • Can give off a bad odor. • Dispose of garbage daily!
Pests • Roaches, ants, flies, termites, and mice. • Can carry germs and cause illness. • Regular home maintenance can usually keep pests under control. • If not, use pest control products or call a professional.
Finally, Keep A Positive Attitude! • Play music as you work. • Think of cleaning as exercise. • Work with someone else and visit as you work. • Use household tasks as a way to reduce stress. • Take a chunk of time to do your task and then give yourself a small reward when you finish.
Strategies for Keeping Your Home Safe • Hazard: “A source of danger” • Falls • Electrical Hazards • Fires • Poisons
Preventing Falls • Make sure throw rugs have a nonskid backing. • Use sturdy ladders or step-stools. • Keep traffic patterns free of clutter. • Use adequate lighting. • Use railings on stairs. • Use rubber mat in bathtub. • Clean up any spills when they happen.
Preventing Electrical Hazards • Do not plug too many cords into one outlet. • Never use electrical appliances near water. • Don’t run electrical cords underneath rugs or carpeting. • Cover outlets that small children can reach. • Repair or replace damaged cords and appliances. • Do not leave cords plugged in and unsupervised around pets (Christmas lights, etc) • Never leave a space heater unsupervised!
Fires • Every home should have a fire extinguisher. • Where should it be located? • Smoke detectors should be in every room. • If not, they should at least be on every floor and near each bedroom, the kitchen and near the furnace. • Check monthly and change batteries annually. • Schedule fire drills. • Have a family plan of what to do and where to go • At Christmas and Thanksgiving fire incidences spike- why?
Poisonings • What are some poisons that are commonly found in homes? • Never store poisons in another container. • Never act like medicine is candy to a child. • Keep Syrup of Ipecac on hand • Call Poison Control before administering. • Why?
Know How To Make A Few Repairs! • This will save your family money now and in the future. • Watch those in your home who do the repairs, this way you can learn as well! Or, Google it! You can find instructions for many repairs on-line or at your local library. • Easy-to-learn repairs: • Leaky toilet/ sink • Squeaky hinges • Applying weather stripping • Wall/wood putty • Re-caulk a bathtub • Cabinet drawers that stick