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Human Dimensions of Natural Resource Management. Do we need to manage natural resources?. ...no area on earth can be regarded as truly “natural.” IUCN. HDNRM is a balancing act between use(s) and integrity of a natural resource. Use(s). Integrity. Management.

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hdnrm is a balancing act between use s and integrity of a natural resource
HDNRM is a balancing act between use(s) and integrityof a natural resource

Use(s)

Integrity

Management

hdnrm is a balancing act between use s and integrity of a natural resource1
HDNRM is a balancing act between use(s) and integrityof a natural resource

Use(s)

Integrity

Management

big questions in hdnrm
Big Questions in HDNRM

WHY

do we manage natural resources?

...and...

HOW

do we manage natural resources?

what is hdnrm
What is HDNRM?

...the application of social science theory and methods to help understand the cultural, sociological, psychological, economic, biological, and physical aspects of natural resource management and environmental problem solving. Fulton, Nelson, Anderson, Lime

what is hdnrm1
What is HDNRM?

...an area of investigation which attempts to describe, predict, understand and affect human thought and action toward natural environments and to acquire such understanding for the primary purpose of improving stewardship of natural resources. Human dimensions research builds on concepts and theories from several disciplines including sociology, psychology, economics, anthropology, geography, political science, marketing, and education. University of Delaware Sea Grant

the domains of hdnrm
The domains of HDNRM

Ecosystemic

Economic

Political

Sociopsychological

hdnrm is a balancing act between use s and integrity of a natural resource2
HDNRM is a balancing act between use(s) and integrityof a natural resource

Use(s)

Integrity

Management

ecocentric view of natural resources
Ecocentric view of natural resources

Use(s)

Integrity

Management

resource conflict
Resource Conflict
  • Conflict is when the behavior of an individual or group interferes with the goals of another individual or group
  • Goal may be tangible (e.g. market valuation) or intangible (e.g. desired experience)
resource use conflicts
Resource use conflicts

Outdoor recreation

Wilderness

Wildlife and fish habitat

Range

Timber

Watershed

Human and community development

Oil, gas and minerals

Cultural resources

  • Complementary
  • Competitive
  • Supplementary
dual mandate of hdnrm

Use(s)

Integrity

Management

Dual mandate of HDNRM
  • Providing a quality user experience
  • Protecting the quality of the environment and/or resource base
what is a resource
What is a Resource?

Resources are productive functions and operations performed by tangible substances when used to satisfy a given end or defined want. Resources explicitly require objectives and planning agents (managers).

classes of natural resources
Classes of natural resources
  • Stock
  • Flow
    • Constant
    • Cyclical
    • Variable
simple definition of conservation
Simple definition of conservation

A way that we manage our natural resources for sustained output without depleting them and/or damaging the resource base

conservation of stock vs flow natural resources the conservation continuum
Conservation of stock vs. flow natural resources: The Conservation Continuum

0% amount used over time 100%

0% rate of use over time 100%

conservation of stock vs flow natural resources the conservation continuum1
Conservation of stock vs. flow natural resources: The Conservation Continuum

Stock Natural Resources

0% amount used over time 100%

0% rate of use over time 100%

conservation of stock vs flow natural resources the conservation continuum2
Conservation of stock vs. flow natural resources: The Conservation Continuum

Stock Natural Resources

0% amount used over time 100%

0% rate of use over time 100%

conservation of stock vs flow natural resources the conservation continuum3
Conservation of stock vs. flow natural resources: The Conservation Continuum

Flow Natural Resources

0% amount used over time 100%

0% rate of use over time 100%

conservation of stock vs flow natural resources the conservation continuum4
Conservation of stock vs. flow natural resources: The Conservation Continuum

Flow Natural Resources

0% amount used over time 100%

0% rate of use over time 100%

conservation of stock vs flow natural resources
Conservation of stock vs. flow natural resources

Conservation generally requires decreases in present rates of use for stock and carefully controlled rates of use for flow resources

examples of management tools that can conserve natural resources
Examples of management tools that can conserve natural resources
  • Bag or creel limits
  • Court injunctions
  • Permit systems
  • Hunting seasons
  • Reserves
  • Education
  • Preservation
preservation
Preservation

A management approach which attempts to maintain natural ecological integrity and processes through regulation of factors which would prove to be disruptive

ecosystem
Ecosystem

A community of organisms and their physical environment interacting as an ecological system

Preservation is a management approach which attempts to maintain natural ecological integrity and processes through regulation of factors which would prove to be disruptive

ecological change in hdnrm
Ecological Change in HDNRM

No Human

Impact

Acceptable

Impact

Unacceptable

Impact

Natural

Changes

Human-Induced

Changes

ecological change in hdnrm1
Ecological Change in HDNRM

limit of acceptable change

No Human

Impact

Acceptable

Impact

Unacceptable

Impact

Natural

Changes

Human-Induced

Changes

carrying capacity
Carrying Capacity

The maximum population size that can be sustained by an environment

carrying capacity1
Carrying Capacity

The maximum population size that can be sustained by an environment

weakness of cc in hdnrm
Weakness of CC in HDNRM
  • Finding a singleecological carrying capacity that accommodates ecological, social and managerial demands
the future of human dimensions of natural resource management the precautionary principle
The future of Human Dimensions of Natural Resource Management:The Precautionary Principle
precautionary principle
Precautionary Principle

When an activity raises threats of harm to human health or the environment,precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause and effect relationships arenot fully established scientifically.

(Wingspread Statement, 1998)