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Status of the SPARC project Massimo Ferrario INFN-LNF On behalf of the SPARC team PowerPoint Presentation
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Status of the SPARC project Massimo Ferrario INFN-LNF On behalf of the SPARC team

Status of the SPARC project Massimo Ferrario INFN-LNF On behalf of the SPARC team

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Status of the SPARC project Massimo Ferrario INFN-LNF On behalf of the SPARC team

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  1. Status of the SPARC project Massimo Ferrario INFN-LNF On behalf of the SPARC team * 31th LNF Scientific Committee Meeting - 29 November 05 *

  2. SPARC Team D. Alesini, M. Bellaveglia, M. Biagini, R. Boni, M. Boscolo, M. Castellano, A. Clozza, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, A. Esposito, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, V. Fusco, G. Gatti, A. Gallo, A. Ghigo, S. Guiducci, M. Incurvati, C. Ligi, M. Migliorati, L. Palumbo, L. Pellegrino, M. Preger, R. Ricci, C. Sanelli, M. Serio, F. Sgamma, B. Spataro, A. Stecchi, A. Stella, F. Tazzioli, C. Vaccarezza, M. Vescovi, C. Vicario, M. Zobov(INFN /LNF) F. Alessandria, I. Boscolo, F. Broggi, S.Cialdi, C. DeMartinis, D. Giove, C. Maroli, V. Petrillo, M. Romè, L. Serafini, (INFN /Milano) M. Mattioli, G. Medici, P. Musumeci, M. Petrarca (INFN /Roma1) L. Catani, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi(INFN /Roma2) A. Cultrera, A. Perrone(INFN /Lecce) F. Ciocci, G. Dattoli, L. Giannessi, L. Mezi, L. Picardi, M. Quattromini, A.Renieri, C. Ronsivalle (ENEA/FIS) J. B. Rosenzweig, S. Reiche (UCLA) P. Bolton, D. Dowell, P.Emma, P. Krejick, C. Limborg(SLAC)

  3. LABORATORY @ LNF-INFN

  4. F. Sgamma, S. Tomassini

  5. High Brightness electron beam generation • SASE FEL experiments • Advanced Accelerator Concepts

  6. A Free Electron Laser is a device that converts electron kinetic energy into coherent radiation via a collective instability in an undulator

  7. Undulator Radiation The electron trajectory is determined by the undulator field and the electron energy The electron trajectory is inside the radiation cone if

  8. Relativistic Mirrors Counter propagating pseudo-radiation Compton back-scattered radiation in the moving mirror frame Doppler effect in the laboratory frame TUNABILITY

  9. Free Electron Laser Self-Amplified-Spontaneous-Emission (No Mirrors - Tunability - Harmonics)

  10. September 2000 LEUTL APS/ANL 385 nm VISA ATF/BNL 840 nm TTF-FEL DESY 98 nm March 2001 SASE Experimental results Since September 2000 3 SASE FEL’s demonstration

  11. TTF / XFEL Single Pass FEL Projects XFEL 4GLS MIT / Bates LEUTL PAL – FEL LUX BESSY FEL SCSS LCLS LEG VISA / DUV FERMI SPARC / SPARX SC technology / NC technology

  12.  Bn K2 Bn Bn SASE FEL Electron Beam Requirements:High Brightness Bn minimum radiation wavelength energy spread undulator parameter gain length R. Saldin et al. in Conceptual Design of a 500 GeV e+e- Linear Collider with Integrated X-ray Laser Facility, DESY-1997-048

  13. bunch compressors RF & magnetic B Pulse Shaping New Working Point How to increase e- Brightness

  14. SPARC Photoinjectors

  15. Electron Photo-Injector

  16. Evolution Nd:YLF Continuum Nd:Yag Verdi Nd:YVO4 LASER SYSTEM Pumps 800 nm 10 nJ 80 MHz 100 fs Hidra CPA Ti:Sa Amplifier RGA + 2 MP Mira Ti:Sa Oscillator THG UV Stretcher Seed Line 800 nm 50 mJ 10 Hz 100 fs 266 nm 4 mJ 10 Hz 100 fs 266 nm 1,8 mJ 10 Hz 0.5-12 ps DAZZLER TeO2 RF Reference R&S 2,856 GHz Synchro Lock PLL Ext. Synch. f/36

  17. CHARACTERIZATION : UPCONVERSION BLUE SPECTRUM SH-BLUE 400 nm UV SPECTRUM TH-UV 266 nm

  18. Cross Correlation measurements theory w t

  19. Emittance Compensation: Controlled Damping of Plasma Oscillation 100 A ==> 150 MeV Brillouin Flow Hokuto Iijima

  20. Matching onto the Local Emittance Max., Final emittance = 0.4 mm Optimized matching

  21. Movable Emittance-Meter Concept

  22. EMITTANCE-METER • Completed • Tested at PITZ • Installed at SPARC for Gun Beam measurements

  23. Gun and emittance meter installed

  24. GENESIS simulation of the SPARC SASE-FEL Radiation power growth along the undulator @ 530 nm

  25. 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Project duration • 2002 - Stage I - FEASIBILITY • Project formulation • Feasibility Study • Strategy design • Approval • 2003-2004- Stage II - PLANNING & DESIGN • Base design • Detailed Cost and schedule • Detailed planning • Major contracts for procurement • 2004-2005 - Stage III - CONSTRUCTION • Manufacturing • Delivery • Civil works • Installation • 2006 - Stage IV - COMMISSIONING • & OPERATION • Final Testing • Commissioning • Operation

  26. DESY BNL PITZ SPARC UCLA EUROFEL • RF Compressor • Seeding • Synchronization SLAC Collaborations and UE programs

  27. Powerful radiation generates energy spread in bends • Energy spread breaks achromatic system • Causes bend-plane emittance growth bend-plane emittance growth coherent radiation for > z z  E/E = 0 L0 s R x e– E/E < 0 Dx = R16(s)DE/E overtaking length: L0  (24szR2)1/3  Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR)

  28. Velocity bunching concept

  29. OVER- COMPRESSION HIGH COMPRESSION MEDIUM COMPRESSION LOW COMPRESSION Average current vs RF compressor phase

  30. <I> = 860 A nx = 1.5 m

  31. SEEDING

  32. The SPARC Future ?!

  33. + Channelling Q-SASE IFEL MAMBO SEEDING

  34. APPROVED

  35. The Frascati Laser for Acceleration and Multidisciplinary Experiments laser pulses: 50 fs, 800 nm >100 TW @10 Hz

  36. synchronisation uncompressedpulse vacuum compressor acceleration chamber detectors area control & data LINAC UNDULATOR

  37. Ex @ 22Elas (1-cos) Produzioni di impulsi X : 109 fotoni/s, 3 ps, monocromatici tunabili nel range 20 keV - 1 MeV • Studi di tecniche di mammografia (e angiografia coronarica) • Studi di single molecule protein cristallography.

  38. La realizzazione di una immagine (su superficie 18x24 cm2) in tempi di 2600 s scende a 2.6 s con l’upgrade previsto su SPARC che porta il num. di fotoni a 2.5 1011/s MaMBO Experiment: Mammography Monochromatic Beam Outlook

  39. SEEDING Q-SASE IFEL 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 SASE Seeding Angstrom LCLS 0.1 nm TESLA X-FEL 0.1 nm TTF-II 6 nm

  40. CONCLUSIONS The SPARC&X projects will allow INFN to develop a robust cutting-edge R&D program: - High quality electron beams from a LINAC - Generation of new FEL radiation - X-beam optics, handling, diagnostics, detectors - Advanced Accelerator Concepts

  41. Know-how on LINACs - Generation of e-beams with photo-injectors - Beam phase-space manipulation - RF-power, Acceleration and Transport - Synchronization, Diagnostics & Control Will allow INFN to contribute with wider and stronger expertise to the future ILC project. Finally, - 5 thesis/year - 6 PhD - 6 Contracts (Ass. Ric., Art. 23) About 10 young Physicists and Engineers, with enthusiasm and motivations, are being educated in the field.

  42. THE END

  43. SPARC Project7.5 +2.5 M€(MIUR+INFN) R&D program towards high brightness e-beam for SASE-FEL’s SPARX Phase I10 + 2.35 M€ (MIUR+INFN) - R&D towards an X-ray FEL-SASE source - Test Facility at 10 nm with the Dafne Linac (SPARXINO) SPARX Phase II12 M€ ? (MIUR) - Linac energy up-grade (1.5 GeV ?) -> 2 nm ?