Summer Safety. Presented by: Bill Byron. Agenda. Heat Safety Water Safety Summer Car Safety Home Safety Recreation Safety. Heat-Related Illness. What is a heat related illness?. A range of disorders that result when the body is exposed to more heat than it can handle. Who is at risk?.
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Summer Safety Presented by: Bill Byron
Agenda • Heat Safety • Water Safety • Summer Car Safety • Home Safety • Recreation Safety
Heat-Related Illness What is a heat related illness? A range of disorders that result when the body is exposed to more heat than it can handle Who is at risk? • Infants • Children under the age of 4 years old • Seniors age 65 and older • People who work outside or exercise outside • People with physical conditions Source: American Red Cross
Heat-Related Illness • Dehydration (Potential Emergency): flushed face, dry/warm skin, strong thirst (dry mouth), dizziness, headache, weakness, dark/small amounts of urine • Heat cramps: cramps of the abdomen, leg & arm muscles • Heat exhaustion: dizziness, nausea, vomiting, headaches, weakness, muscle pain and potential unconsciousness • Heat stroke (Emergency): temperature of 104 or higher, severe nausea, vomiting, seizures, disorientation, shortness of breath & potential coma • Source: American Red Cross health & Safety Tips
Heat Safety Tips • Avoid strenuous activity 10:00 AM - 2:00 PM • Wear loose-fitting & lightweight clothing • Stay indoors with fans and air conditioning • Be aware of the Heat Index
Heat Index • Heat and Humidity combine to form dangerous conditions • The Heat Index gives the relative temperature • Watch out for the triple “H” days
Drink Water • Take frequent rest/water breaks in areas that are shaded or air conditioned • Have cool water or any cool liquid available and close to the work area • Drink 4-8 ounces of water or sports drink every 20 minutes while working in hot humid conditions • Avoid alcohol and caffeinated drinks
Sun Safety Did You Know… • Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in humans • More than 1 million Americans will be diagnosed with skin cancer this year – about 9,500 will die from it • Skin cancer rates are rising approximately 3% annually – 1 in 75 individuals will develop melanoma in his/her lifetime • ACS estimates that 80% of all skin cancers can be prevented by sun protection • Source: American Cancer Society
Sun Safety – Protect Yourself • Wear minimum of SPF 15 sunscreen with UVA & UVB protection • Reapply after swimming and perspiration • Watch increased sensitivity with medication • Get sunglasses that block UV rays • Wear lightweight long sleeves and pants
Sun Safety – Protect Yourself • Wear a wide-brimmed hat to shade your face • Spend time in the shade or use a sun umbrella on the beach • Remember sun reflects on water, sand, and concrete • Cloudy days can still be high risk sunburn days
Sun Safety – UVA & UVB Rays UVA • UVA’s account for about 95% of ultraviolet energy. And unlike UVB’s that peak in intensity from 11-3 in the summer, UVA’s release energy throughout the daylight hours • UVA’s don’t cause a sunburn, but their effects have the power to penetrate deep into the dermis, where they can do permanent harm to our DNA, as well as the elastin and collagen fibers that make our skin supple and firm • UVA’s can pass through glass, windshields and windows don’t block them!
Sun Safety – UVA & UVB Rays UVB • UVB's are the rays that burn your skin. Though they don’t delve as deep into the skins layers as UVA, UVB’s can damage the DNA at the heart of skin cells, and are one of the foremost causes of skin cancer • UVB’s don’t pass through glass, but they are reflected by light colored surfaces such as sand, snow and cement
Sun Safety SPF 10...25...40... What do the numbers mean? Your sunscreen's Sun Protection Factor indicates the level of protection it affords against sunburn. The numbers make it easier for people to choose the sunscreen best suited to their complexions and conditions of exposure.In broad terms, you can say that an SPF
Water Safety • Never swim alone - use the buddy system • Observe all warning signs • Never swim under influence of alcohol, immediately after eating or when tired • Don’t swim or dive in unfamiliar waters • Avoid rough ocean conditions and stormy weather • Wear personal floatation devices when boating • Don’t drink and operate a boat
Water Safety Can Swimming Make You Sick? • Avoid swallowing water when you swim • Stay out of the water if you have diarrhea. This is especially important for diaper-aged children • Take bathroom breaks frequently, especially with children • Whenever possible, shower using soap and water after swimming
Swimmers Itch Apply cool compresses to affected areas Add baking soda to bath water and soak Soak in oatmeal baths Use an anti-itch lotion Apply corticosteroid cream Don’t Scratch! Water Safety
Summer Vehicle Safety • Never leave anyone (including animals) in the car on hot days - even with the windows rolled down • Always wear your seatbelt • Use appropriate child seating systems that match size and age • Wear helmets with motorcycles and ATVs • Avoid using cell phones when driving • Never drink and drive
Summer Home Safety • Inspect backyard swing sets & tree houses for structural soundness • Pools should be fenced-in and have self-closing gates • Practice hand washing and refrigeration when handling food • Have a fully stocked first aid kit in your home
Summer Home Safety • Use caution with power tools & wear personal protective equipment • Be careful with fires and barbecues, especially around children • Keep all gasoline containers outside the home • Anyone using gasoline should have a fire extinguisher nearby • A garage is an excellent place to install a fire extinguisher and make sure your family knows how to use it
Outdoor Recreation Safety • Use helmets and pads for biking, skating & scooters • When hiking let others know your route, carry cell phones and maps, pack clothing to match conditions • Use insect repellants
Outdoor Recreation Safety First Aid…… • Learn CPR and First Aid • Keep allergy kits handy for people allergic to bees and insects • Always have access to enough water