Overall Classroom Procedures • What is classroom management to you? • What should be the overall aim? • What are some attributes of good classroom managers? • What role does instruction play in classroom management? • Easier to be “tough” & then back off than vice versa
Overall Classroom Procedures • Positive Behavior Support is a comprehensive approach to school-wide management • Turnbull et al (2002): • Define 3-5 behavioral expectations in simple & positive ways • Explicitly teach those expectations • Communicate, reinforce, & provide feedback frequently • Evaluate progress & adjust accordingly • Provide individual interventions as needed
Overall Classroom Procedures(Bauer et al., 2004) • First, you may try to prevent misbehavior • When misbehavior occurs – • You may tolerate the behavior • You may interfere with the behavior • These are called surface techniques
Overall Classroom Procedures • Planned ignoring • Signal interference • Proximity control • Interest boosting • Humor • Hurdle helping • Restructuring the program/lesson
Overall Classroom Procedures • Support from routines • Appeal to values • Removing seductive objects • Antiseptic bouncing • Can you think of examples of these you have witnessed or experienced?
Overall Classroom Procedures • When these techniques aren’t adequate – • Is the problem with my teaching? • Is the student having difficulty with learning? • Is the behavior related to a disability? • Is the problem with environmental arrangements? • Is the problem related to complexity of routines? • Is the behavior related to something outside of your control?
Overall Classroom Procedures • Setting events can be out of your control but you may influence them • Collaboration with families & others may be needed
Overall Classroom Procedures • Talking with students – What shouldn’t you do? • What should you do (Kaufman et al., 2006)? • Actively listen • Maintain reasonable proximity • Guard and use body language • Vary facial expressions & use eye contact appropriately
Overall Classroom Procedures • Think about what you will say first • Describe rather than judge behavior • Use brief messages & familiar vocabulary • Use a calm, business like voice • Use open & closed questions as needed • Speak slowly or pace the conversation • Use wait time • Summarize the conversation
Overall Classroom Procedures • Finally, consider the social system (Bauer et al., 2004): • Requires you to step back & think • First, are you efficiently applying the knowledge/skills that you have or do you need to obtain new knowledge/skills? • Second, assess your assumptions and dispositions in relation to the practical outcomes you are seeking • Third, consider your moral/ethical feelings about what is happening or should be happening – Is the management system serving human needs?