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Overall Classroom Procedures. What is classroom management to you? What should be the overall aim? What are some attributes of good classroom managers? What role does instruction play in classroom management? Easier to be “tough” & then back off than vice versa. Overall Classroom Procedures.
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Overall Classroom Procedures • What is classroom management to you? • What should be the overall aim? • What are some attributes of good classroom managers? • What role does instruction play in classroom management? • Easier to be “tough” & then back off than vice versa
Overall Classroom Procedures • Positive Behavior Support is a comprehensive approach to school-wide management • Turnbull et al (2002): • Define 3-5 behavioral expectations in simple & positive ways • Explicitly teach those expectations • Communicate, reinforce, & provide feedback frequently • Evaluate progress & adjust accordingly • Provide individual interventions as needed
Overall Classroom Procedures(Bauer et al., 2004) • First, you may try to prevent misbehavior • When misbehavior occurs – • You may tolerate the behavior • You may interfere with the behavior • These are called surface techniques
Overall Classroom Procedures • Planned ignoring • Signal interference • Proximity control • Interest boosting • Humor • Hurdle helping • Restructuring the program/lesson
Overall Classroom Procedures • Support from routines • Appeal to values • Removing seductive objects • Antiseptic bouncing • Can you think of examples of these you have witnessed or experienced?
Overall Classroom Procedures • When these techniques aren’t adequate – • Is the problem with my teaching? • Is the student having difficulty with learning? • Is the behavior related to a disability? • Is the problem with environmental arrangements? • Is the problem related to complexity of routines? • Is the behavior related to something outside of your control?
Overall Classroom Procedures • Setting events can be out of your control but you may influence them • Collaboration with families & others may be needed
Overall Classroom Procedures • Talking with students – What shouldn’t you do? • What should you do (Kaufman et al., 2006)? • Actively listen • Maintain reasonable proximity • Guard and use body language • Vary facial expressions & use eye contact appropriately
Overall Classroom Procedures • Think about what you will say first • Describe rather than judge behavior • Use brief messages & familiar vocabulary • Use a calm, business like voice • Use open & closed questions as needed • Speak slowly or pace the conversation • Use wait time • Summarize the conversation
Overall Classroom Procedures • Finally, consider the social system (Bauer et al., 2004): • Requires you to step back & think • First, are you efficiently applying the knowledge/skills that you have or do you need to obtain new knowledge/skills? • Second, assess your assumptions and dispositions in relation to the practical outcomes you are seeking • Third, consider your moral/ethical feelings about what is happening or should be happening – Is the management system serving human needs?