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MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY

MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY

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MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY

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  1. MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY STRATEGIC PLAN Nape Mojapelo Deputy Chief Inspector of Mines

  2. OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION • Background • Safety and Health Performance • OHS Structures • MHSI Objectives, 2005-2008 • Budget • Current Inquiries • Conclusions

  3. BACKGROUND • Current practice breaks with past practice • The Constitution enshrines values and goals • Mining is central to the economy • Mining practice important: Training, HSE • Leon Commission • New approach, new law, new institutions • Sector Education and Training Authorities • New approach to vocational training • Aspect of new education policy

  4. LEON COMMISSION AND TRAINING • No common language / low formal education levels is an HRD and OHS problem • Communication in Fanagalo unsatisfactory • Recommended • Basic education and training in English • Training schemes to include OHS • Extend and expand induction training • Retraining and re-evaluation for current workforce in workplace • Comprehensive training/ refresher training for mine officials • Focus training on areas of greatest risk initially

  5. THE MQA AND TRAINING • Development and transformation of the mining industry • A safe, healthy, productive and competitive industry • Access to quality education and training for all for full participation in work and life • Redress of past inequities in education and training • Promote multilingualism

  6. MHSI Key Focus Areas • Hazards emanating from mining which impact on public health • Fatalities, injuries and occupational diseases relating to mining.

  7. MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT • Tripartism • Risk Assessment • Enabling • Promotion, Advice and Enforcement • Balance performance based standards with guidance

  8. SAFETY PERFORMANCE Industry employs ±450 000 peoples • 246 deaths in 2004 from 270 in 2003 (rate 0.56 pr 1000 employees)(13.85% decrease from 2003) • Gold and Platinum-deep level mining accidents remains a challenge (gold rate 0.62; platinum 0.46) • Coal safety performance is at 0.42 per 1000 employees (10.64% decrease from 2003) • Occupational health remains a challenge, outcomes and data.

  9. SAFETY PERFORMANCE, FATALITIES Rates per Commodity 2001/2004 Labour = Persons at work * Gold, Platinum, Coal and Chrome Labour Figures = Average Jan-June2004Please note that the rates may change somewhat when the official average labour figures for the period Jan-Dec 2004 become available

  10. SAFETY PERFORMANCE, INJURIES Rates per Commodity 2001/2004 Labour = Persons at work * Gold, Platinum, Coal and Chrome Labour Figures = Average Jan-June2004Please note that the rates may change somewhat when the official average labour figures for the period Jan-Dec 2004 become available

  11. SAFETY PERFORMANCE

  12. SAFETY PERFORMANCE

  13. GOOD SAFETY PERFORMANCE Collieries: Dorstfontein Coal Mine Other Mines: Holcim Cement Ulco Shallow Gold/Platinum Mines: Sheba Gold Mine Ultra Deep Gold/Platinum Mines: Target Gold Mine

  14. POOR SAFETY PERFORMERS Collieries: Springlake Colliery, Arthur Taylor Opencast, Matla3, Kleinkopje, Secunda Colliery Other Mines: Star Diamonds, De Beers: Premier Diamond Mine, Consolidated Murchison, Dilokongh Chrome, Helam Diamonds, Bayer Chrome Shallow Gold/Platinum Mines: Lebowa Platinum Mine, Messina Platinum Mine, Western Platinum, RPM: Waterval, RPM: Rustenburg East, RPM: Base Metal Refiiners Ultra Deep Gold/Platinum Mines: Bambanani East, Bambanani Wesxt, Tautona

  15. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH PERFORMANCE

  16. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH PERFORMANCE Source: NIOH Pathology Division Autopsy Database

  17. NIHL COMPENSATION - Rand Mutual Source: Rand Mutual

  18. Source: CCOD

  19. OHS STRUCTURES Minister:Minerals and Energy Mine Health and Safety Council MQA Mining Regulations Advisory Committee (MRAC) Safety in Mines Advisory Committee (SIMRAC) Mining Occupational Health Advisory Committee (MOHAC) IMPLEMENTATION: MHSI

  20. MINING QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY Mining Qualifications Authority (Sector Education and Training Authority) Education& Training Quality Assurance Standard Generating Body Learnerships Sector Skills Plan

  21. RESPONSIBILITIES • MHSC: Overall policy and regulation, research agenda, co-ordination, promotion of OHS • MRAC: Regulatory changes, draft legislation • SIMRAC: Research priorities, management • MOHAC: health policy and regulation • MQA: education and training standards and qualifications • MHSI: Regulation (enforcement, advice, promotion)

  22. PROMOTION OF MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH

  23. THE MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY INSPECTORATE (MHSI)2005- 2008 • Objectives: • 1. Actively Contribute to Sustainable Development • 1.1 Reduce the impact on public health and environment • 1.2 Specific initiatives Occupational Health and Safety Problems • 1.3 Hazards at source • 2. Redress Past Imbalances and Bridging the Gap between the First and Second Economies • 2.1 De-racialisation of minerals and energy sectors • 2.2 Human Resource development and poverty alleviation

  24. THE MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY INSPECTORATE (MHSI) • Objectives: • 3. Implement Minerals and Energy Economic Policies and Legislation • 3.1 Alignment of State owned enterprises • 4. Govern the Minerals and Energy Sector to be Healthier, Cleaner and Safer • 4.1 Cleaner, healthier and safer sectors • 4.2 Govern the mining sector • 4.3 Research and development programmes • 4.4 Harmonisation of legislation • 4.5 Contribution to international policies and compliance with international obligations • 4.6 Promotional activities

  25. THE MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY INSPECTORATE (MHSI) • OBJECTIVES: • 5. Review and Develop Appropriate Structures, Processes, Systems and Skills as well as the Maintenance thereof • 5.1 Unqualified Audit Report • 5.2 Alignment of processes, structures and systems to achieve objectives and mandates • 5.3 Develop and retain appropriate skills

  26. THE MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY INSPECTORATE (MHSI) • OBJECTIVES: • 1. Actively Contribute to Sustainable Development • 1.1 Reduce the impact on public health and environment • 1.2 Specific initiatives Occupational Health and Safety Problems • 1.3 Hazards at source

  27. THE MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY INSPECTORATE (MHSI) • Inspect and audit rehabilitation sites • Develop and issue special instructions regarding: • Mine water • Single outlets • Criminal Mining • Burning coal mines • Input to authorisation processes of EMP’s, townships

  28. THE MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY INSPECTORATE (MHSI) • OBJECTIVES: • Redress Past Imbalances and Bridging the Gap between the Fist and Second Economies • 2.1 De-racialisation of minerals and energy sectors • 2.2 Human Resource development and poverty alleviation

  29. TRAINING PRIORITIES • Health and safety skills • Mechanical engineering skills • Rock engineering skills • Electrical engineering skills • Metallurgical skills • Underground hard rock skills • Risk assessment skills • Team-building, management and supervisory skills • Surface mining skills • Multi-skilling • Adult basic education

  30. TRAINING CHALLENGES • 70% workers have NQF 1 (now 48%) • Prioritise youth • 80 000 under 30 years in learnership • Learnership target for sector 2005, 7 000 (now 4 049) • 50% of learners employed within 6 months of completed training • Spend 100% of NSF grants (R15 m of R58m spent) • Demonstrate contributions to productivity in 40% of companies • Skills development in 20% of small business • Achieve EE – refer population demographics

  31. MINING CHARTER • Numeracy and literacy for all by 2009 (currently 48%) • HDSAs in management 40% • Women in mining 10% (currently 3%) • Mining community and rural area development • Improved housing standards (hostels upgrades, family housing, home ownership) • Procurement from HDSA owned companies • HDSA ownership – 26% in 10 years • Beneficiation

  32. CURRENT INITIATIVES • Executive Preparation Programme 96 Registered and 54 Completed • Graduate Development Programme 116 • Bursaries 196 have received assistance • Training in indigenous jewellery making 620 have been trained • Training of small–scale miners 1874 completed training course • Workshops promoting women in mining 1100 already attended • Training of Ex-mineworkers 3 876 • Learnerships Registered 2062 • Learnerships Completed 228 • Skills Programmes 47 084

  33. ISSUES • ABET uptake and completion • Skills programmes uptake • Learnerships • Bursars • Ex-mineworkers

  34. THE MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY INSPECTORATE (MHSI) OBJECTIVES: 3. Implement Minerals and Energy Economic Policies and Legislation 3.1 Alignment of State owned enterprises

  35. ISSUES • Co-ordination between OHS and training developments • Consider mining sector needs in full • Consider effect of exemptions to OHS law • Uncertainty and confusion associated with large scale change • Manage expectations • Explore “unintended” consequences • Legal operations became illegal • Dealing with unauthorised institutions

  36. INDUSTRY COMMITMENTS Elimination of Silicosis • By 2008, 95% of exposure measurement for respirable crystalline silica < of 0,1mg/m3 OEL. • From 2013, no new cases of silicosis amongst previously unexposed individuals. Elimination of Noise Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL) • From 2008 hearing loss greater than 10% amongst occupationally exposed individuals. • By 2013 total noise emitted by all equipment in any workplace > 110dB(A). Occupational Accident and injury rates • For the gold sector 5% decrease per annum and for the others a 2% decrease.

  37. REGULATORY CHALLENGES • Balance guidance and outcomes statements (small and large operators) • Artisanal miner and informal sectorneeds • Adapt the stakeholder model to meet needs • Consistency between OHS public health and environment policy • Sustainable development and precaution • Keeping pace with regional / international developments • Training Inspectors • Enforceability of new regulations

  38. THE MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY INSPECTORATE (MHSI) • OBJECTIVES: • 4. Govern the Minerals an Energy Sectors to be Healthier, Cleaner and Safer • 4.1 Cleaner, healthier and safer sectors • 4.2 Govern the mining sector • 4.3 Research and development programmes • 4.4 Harmonisation of legislation • 4.5 Contribution to international policies and compliance with international obligations • 4.6 Promotional activities

  39. OHS ISSUES • Culture Change – values, systems, new methodologies e.g. behavioural safety • Improved management systems and new technologies: • Rockfalls and rockburtsts • Fires and explosion • Machinery and transport systems • Physical hazards: noise and vibration • Airborne pollutants and diseases • Job uncertainties impact on OHS and on MHSI work

  40. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH CHALLENGES • Limited impact on OH for decades • New responsibilities – Leon and MHSA • Shortage of OH skills • Evident need to bring HDSA’s into the field

  41. MHSI ENFORCEMENT • Inspections • Planned 15 334 (2003/ 2004) • Achieved 14 635(95%) • Planned 12 940 (2004/ 2005) • Achieved 12 342 (95%) • Audits • Planned 6 248 (2003/ 2004) • Achieved 8 391(134%) • Planned 4 190 (2004/ 2005) • Achieved 3 464 (83%)

  42. THE MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY INSPECTORATE (MHSI) • OBJECTIVES: • Review and Develop Appropriate Structures, Processes, Systems and Skills as well as the Maintenance thereof • 5.1 Unqualified Audit Report • 5.2 Alignment of processes, structures and systems to achieve objectives and mandates • 5.3 Develop and retain appropriate skills

  43. THE MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY INSPECTORATE (MHSI) • The restructuring of the MHSI is based on: • Refocusing organisational structure • Implementing a separate legal identity; Key Strategies • Focused Management and Service Deliver • Health and Safety Environment Managed • Staff Retention and Recruitment • Diversity Management • Decentralisation of Responsibility and Accountability

  44. THE MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY INSPECTORATE (MHSI) MHSI Environment *Low Morale *Staffing Profile *Centralised Control *Role Focus *Working Practices Industry Environment *Mine Profile/Risks *New Developments & Rationalization *Other& Small Mine *Location Business Model Role Strategy Structure Funding Management HRD and its Management Industry Resourcing Environment *Competitiveness *Qualifications & Experience *Remuneration *Retention Legislative Environment *Purpose & Focus *Process *Flexibility *Committee Structure & Effectiveness *Legal Enforcement

  45. THE MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY INSPECTORATE (MHSI) PHASE 1 PHASE 2 PHASE 3 ? Current Status “Urgent Transition” “Sustained Transition” National Public Entity Structure Recruitment & Retention Learnerships Risk Management MIS Skills Acquistion Work Practices/IT Business Model Staffing Model Career Management AS IS TO BE Notes :Phase 1 – 2ndst quarter 2005 Phase 2 – end of 2005

  46. THE MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY INSPECTORATE (MHSI) • Current training initiatives • Justice training course • Establishing learnerships within MQA • Placing Bursars in formal learnerships • Initiative to establish formal training programme for inspectors • Support initiative within MHSC to develop scarce skills within research programmes

  47. NORTHAM ZONDEREINDE PLATINUM MINE • Northam Zondereinde Platinum Mine • 9 employees died • Inhalation of poisonous gases • Joint inquest/ inquiry • Upgraded fire extinguishing system

  48. HERNIC FERROCHROME MAROELABULT MINE • Hernic Ferrochrome Maroelabult Mine • Inundation by mud and water • Reviewed water control processes • Joint inquest/ inquiry • 7 employees died • Intensified the monitoring of orepasses

  49. HARMONY FREE STATE OPERATIONS 2# • Harmony Free State Operations 2 Shaft • 4 employees died • Seismic event caused extensive fall of ground • Preparing for inquiry • All work in area has been stopped risk assessment currently underway

  50. DRD HARTEBEESTFONTEIN • DRD Hartebeestfontein • 1 employee died • Very large seismic event (5.3 on Richter scale) • Shaft structures suffered extensive damage • In process of establishing an Expert Investigation panel • Viability of remnant extraction at depth