CH6. EDITING. What is Editing?. Editing is the process by which the editor combines and coordinates individual shots into a cinematic whole. “ For my vision of the cinema, editing is not simply one aspect, it is the aspect ”.... Orson Welles. What does an editor do?.
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From: Ken Dancyger’sThe Technique of Film and Video Editing (4th Edition), Focal Press.
The juxtaposition of shots within a scene can cause us to have a fairly complex sense of that overall space. Thus, painting a mental picture of the space of a scene.
e.g. opening sequence in Boys Don’t Cry (1999)
>Editing manipulates our sense of the spatial relationships among characters, objects and their surroundings.
e.g. Battleship Potemkin(1925) uses both types of editing styles in a revolutionary manner.
Other examples using both types include:
>Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind(2004)
>City of God(2002)
View the DVD: The Evolution of Editing: The Lumieres to Eisenstein
In addition to the fundamental building blocks—the master shot and the 180 degree system—various editing techniques are used to ensure that graphic, spatial, and temporal relations are maintained from shot to shot.
1. Match on Action Cut-shows us the continuation of a character’s motion through space without actually showing us the entire action.
2. Graphic Match Cut-the shape, color or texture of objects matches across the edit.
e.g. In 2001: A Space Odyssey(1968)-a bone weapon from the Stone Age becomes a spacecraft.
3. Eyeline Match Cut- joins shot A, a POV shot of a person looking off- screen in one direction and shot B, the person that is the object of that gaze.