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Social Studies Review Unit 5

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Social Studies Review Unit 5

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  1. Social Studies Review Unit 5 A NEW NATION

  2. Who is an early settler who moved westward?

  3. Pioneer

  4. To approve a bill is to _________ it.

  5. Ratify

  6. An agreement that doubled the size of the United States with land bought from the French was called?

  7. Louisiana Purchase

  8. When each sidegives up something to reach an agreement, they have made a what?

  9. Compromise Compromise

  10. An __________ is an addition or change to the Constitution.

  11. Amendment

  12. The “Star Spangled Banner” is the _____________ written by Francis Scott Key during the War of 1812.

  13. National Anthem

  14. The edge of settlement for those who pushed westward was the ___________.

  15. Frontier

  16. A system of _______________ guards againstany one branch of the government becoming too powerful.

  17. Checks & Balances

  18. The __________________ was an assembly that replaced the Articles of Confederation.

  19. Constitutional Convention

  20. A group of 10 amendments to the Constitution was the ______________. 10 Amendments

  21. Bill of Rights

  22. What did the stateshope to gain under the Articles of Confederation? • A a strong central government • B freedom, independence, and a firm league of friendship • C a powerful government • D a strong court system

  23. B freedom, independence, and a firm league of friendship

  24. Which of the following BEST describes the government under the Articles of Confederation? • A Congress collected enough money to run the government. • B The judicial branch interpreted the laws. • C Congress could not pass laws to collect taxes. • D The legislative branch enforced the laws.

  25. C Congress could not pass laws to collect taxes.

  26. What was one weakness of the Articles of Confederation? • A The government had only one branch. • B Each state paid taxes. • C Laws could not be made. • D Each state had one vote.

  27. A The government had only one branch. Legislative Branch

  28. What causedShays’ Rebellion? • A Massachusetts had the power to tax its citizens. • B Massachusetts needed to pay its debts. • C Daniel Shays was an angry farmer. • D Massachusetts property taxes were hard on farmers.

  29. D Massachusetts property taxes were hard on farmers.

  30. Which of the following was ordered by the Northwest Ordinance of 1787? • A divide the territory into smaller territories • B make the territory into four states • C make the territory into one state • D make the entire territory equal to the other states

  31. A divide the territory into smaller territories

  32. Which of the following did NOT apply to the Northwest Ordinance of 1787? • A The Northwest Territory had to be divided into smaller territories. • B The Northwest Territory would automatically become a state. • C A governor and judges were named to govern the territory. • D Slavery was prohibited in the Northwest Territory.

  33. B The Northwest Territory would automatically become a state.

  34. What was the original purpose of the Constitutional Convention? • A make laws to stop dissenters • B make a trade plan with Europe • C revise the Articles of Confederation • D elect a leader of the Confederation

  35. C revise the Articles of Confederation Revise

  36. Which point in the Virginia Plan was objected to by supporters of the New Jersey Plan? • A Larger states should have more representatives in Congress. • B Congress requires greater power. • C The government needs an executive branch. • D The government needs a legislative branch.

  37. A Larger States Should Have More Representatives In Congress.

  38. Which of the following does NOT describe the Great Compromise? • A equal representation in the Senate • B representation based on population in the House of Representatives • C a Congress made up of two houses • D enslaved people counted in state populations

  39. D enslaved people counted in state populations

  40. What was the outcome of the Constitutional Convention? • A Compromises were proposed. • B The Constitution replaced the Articles of Confederation. • C The Articles of Confederation were amended. • D Trade with Europe was established.

  41. B The Constitution replaced the Articles of Confederation.

  42. Which of the following goalsis stated in the Preamble to the Constitution? • A to protect the people’s liberty • B to provide equality for all • C to protect the people’s health • D to provide an education for all

  43. A to protect the people’s liberty

  44. Which of the following is NOT a major goal of the Constitution? • A to defend the nation • B to control all laws in the states • C to ensure peace • D to establish justice

  45. B to control all laws in the states

  46. Which group wanted a strong national government, like that set forth in the Constitution? • A Antifederalists • B Colonists • C Federalists • D Constitutionalists

  47. C Federalists

  48. Which of the following BEST describes the Antifederalists? • A people who were happy with the Constitution • B people who wanted more power • C people who wanted government to have more power • D people who were unhappy with the Constitution

  49. D people who were unhappywith the Constitution

  50. Which of the following BEST describesthe Bill of Rights? • A list of the men who signed the Constitution • B list of rights and wrongs as spelled out in the Constitution • C ten Constitutional amendments specifying freedoms • D list of laws governed by each state