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Brazil Roadmap for EV utilization . ABVE Brazilian Electric Vehicles Association Challenge Bibendum 2010 Pietro Erber. Brazil General Features 2009. Population: 191 million GDP: US$ 1.6 trillion Primary Energy Supply: 244 Mtoe Electricity supply: 510 TWh Ethanol production: 11 Mtoe

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brazil roadmap for ev utilization
BrazilRoadmap for EV utilization

ABVE

Brazilian Electric Vehicles Association

Challenge Bibendum 2010

Pietro Erber

brazil general features 2009

Brazil General Features 2009

Population: 191 million

GDP: US$ 1.6 trillion

Primary Energy Supply: 244 Mtoe

Electricity supply: 510 TWh

Ethanol production: 11 Mtoe

Car & light vehicles sales: 3 million

Motorcycles sales: 1.6 million

electric vehicles fundamental priorities
Electric VehiclesFundamental Priorities
  • Environmental improvement
  • Urban mobility preservation
  • Reduction of fossil fuels dependence
ve roadmap main items
VE RoadmapMain Items
  • Motivation
  • Initiatives: Challenge Bibendum, SPE/MF, INAE, INEE/ABVE,
  • Concepts, advantages & limitations
  • Interaction with the power grid
  • Market penetration
  • Local production
ve roadmap motivation
VE Roadmap Motivation
  • Urban environment improvement
  • GHG emissions reduction
  • Reduction of diesel consumption
  • New market for ethanol
  • Technological & industrial development
ve roadmap concepts
VE Roadmap Concepts
  • HEV – Hybrid Electric Vehicle: onboard generation only
  • BEV – Battery Electric Vehicle: energy supply only from the power grid
  • PHEV – Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle: onboard generation & power grid supply
ve roadmap advantages
VE RoadmapAdvantages
  • Electricity: provided from any source
  • Efficiency: electric motor, regenerative breaking, improved combustion
  • Zero or low W2W emissions
  • Heavy hybrids may use ethanol
ve roadmap limitations
VE Roadmap Limitations
  • High upfront cost: scale, batteries
  • Heavy taxes
  • Lack of recharge infrastructure
  • Inadequate information
  • Resistance to innovation
  • Off peak charging
  • Obsolescence risk
ve roadmap interaction with the power grid
VE RoadmapInteraction with the Power Grid
  • VE system: vehicle, charger, power grid
  • Hourly tariffs for off-peak charging
  • Batteries interact with the grid: smart grids
ve roadmap market penetration
VE RoadmapMarket Penetration
  • ABVE : 50% in 2025 (HEV 30%)
  • External factors: fuel prices, power rates, taxes & incentives, public transportation, charging facilities, information
  • Technological factors: batteries, capacitors, regenerative breaking
  • Marketing models: transparence and destination
ve roadmap local utilization production
VE RoadmapLocal Utilization & Production
  • Initiatives: Challenge Bibendum, SPE/MF, INAE, INEE/ABVE
  • Context: fast technologic evolution, vague policy definitions, ample opportunities, investment in flex and biodiesel, high fiscal burden
  • Challenges: investment in new technologies, assembly lines, new inventories, O&M personnel training, obsolescence risk
ve roadmap local utilization production1
VE RoadmapLocal Utilization & Production
  • Adequacy: typechoice according to end use
  • Incentives for public services EV utilization
  • Taxes: Reduce present sales & property taxes for EV
  • Charging infrastructure for plug-ins
  • Hourly tariffs to stimulate off peak consumption
  • Smart grid: enhance and exploit EV contribution
  • Low import taxes for high performance batteries
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