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WORK PLACE SAFETY IN CLINICAL AND COMMUNITY AREA. PRESENTED BY MISS NAMITA DHAMGAYE B.Sc.NURSING 1 st YEAR PEOPLE COLLEGE OF NURSING AND RESEARCH CENTER, BHOPAL. INTRODUCTION. WORK PLACE PLACE WHERE THE PERSONS ENGAGED OR HAVE A WORK .

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PRESENTED BY

MISS NAMITA DHAMGAYE

B.Sc.NURSING 1st YEAR

PEOPLE COLLEGE OF NURSING AND RESEARCH CENTER, BHOPAL

introduction
INTRODUCTION

WORK PLACE

PLACE WHERE THE PERSONS ENGAGED OR HAVE A WORK .

PLACE INCLUDES BUILDING ,SITE ,HOSPITAL , MINE ,MOBILE VEHICLE etc.

WORK PLACE SAFETY-

WORK PLACE SHOULD BE SAFE FROM ANY ENVIRONMENTAL ,BIOLOGYCAL ,CULTURAL,PHYSICAL ,CHEMICAL,OR PSYCHOLOGICAL HAZARDS EITHER IN CLINICAL OR COMMUNITY AREA.

1 environmental hazard
1.ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARD
  • REPORT SAYS-
  • 12% OF NURSES – LEAVE THE PROFESSION DUE TO BACK INJURIES.
  • CAUSES –
  • #STANDING THROUGH OUT HOURS .
  • ROAD
  • #ALLERGY-DUST , POLLEN , FOUL SMELL.
  • #ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENT
preventions
PREVENTIONS
  • #USE OF SHOUES WITH GOOD SOLES.

#PERSONAL PROTECTIVE KIT

#USING HIGHT ADJUSTING WORK SURFACE .

#TRAFFIC RULE SHOULD BE FOLLOWED

2 physical hazards

2. PHYSICAL HAZARDS

CAUSES: 1.ELECTRICITY-( SHOCK, SHORT CIRCUIT LOSS OF POWER)

2. EUIPMEMT- DEFIBRILLATORS

3.WET FLOOR – (SLIP, TRIP,& FALLS.) 4.RADIATION –(X-RAYS ,LASERS.)

5. FIRE *COMBUSTABLE –(CHEMICAL,ALCOHOL ,SPIRIT.)

* ENERGY SOURCE-LASER.

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6. NEEDLE STICK INJURIES-
  • HAZARDS-
  • #IMPROPER HANDLING

& DISPOSAL OF NEEDLE .

  • #UNSAFE NEEDLE DEVICE.
  • PREVENTIONS–
  • 1.KNOWING THE ESCAPE ROUTE & EVACUATION AREA.
  • 2.CLEAN UP FLOOR .
  • 3.KEEP AWAY FROM OBSTRUCTION .
  • 4.APPROPRIATE NEEDLE CONTAINER FOR DISPOSAL .(RED CONTAINER )
3 biological hazards
3.BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS
  • BIOLOGICAL AGENT SPREAD BY
  • -CONTACT
  • -INHALATION
  • -SPLASHES OR PERCUTANEOUS INJURIES-NEEDLE STICKS ,CUT FROM SHARP .
  • -EXPOSURE TO BLOOD & FLUID –HOLES & TEAR IN GLOVES .
  • EXAMPLES :
  • MICROORGANISM TRANSMISSION .
  • BLOOD BORN PATHOGENS.
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PREVENTIONS:

  • UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS
  • #PROTECTIVE BARRIERS-
  • GLOVES ,FACEMASKS
  • #PROPER HAND WASHING .
  • #REDUCING CHANCE OF CROSS- INFECTIONS:FROM NURSE TO PATIENT ,PATIENT TO NURSE,ONE PATIENT TO ANOTHER PATIENT
4 chemical hazards
4.CHEMICAL HAZARDS
  • CAUSES-
  • 1.STERILISING AGENT (HCHO , ALCOHOL ,NITROUS OXIDE)
  • 2.LATEX ALLERGY(USE OF GOOD QUALITY GLOVES)
  • 3.WASTE GASES
  • 4.DISINFECTANT (PHENOL)
  • PREVENTION
  • #EFFECTIVE VENTILATION
  • #LEAKAGE OF GAS AVOIDED.
  • #RECYCLING (BETTERY , COMPUTER)
  • #BIOMEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT .
5 psychological hazards
5.PSYCHOLOGICAL HAZARDS
  • CAUSES-
  • 1.SHORTAGE OF NURSING PERSONNEL.
  • 2.EXTERNAL PRESSURE
  • #PERSONAL CONFICTS
  • #PATIENT PRESSURE
  • #LACK OF COMMUNICATION
  • #LACK OF STAFF
  • 3.WORK PLACE VIOLENCE (ICU)
  • 4.WORK PLACE STRESS (CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES , SUISIDE , CANCER , ULCER)
prevention
PREVENTION
  • 1.OVER WORK LOAD AVOIDED.
  • 2.SECURITY MANAGEMENT PROGRAMME (ICU).
  • 3.INTERVENTION MEASURES-(VERBAL , SOCIAL ,PHYSICAL)
prevention by national policy on safety health environment at work place
PREVENTION BY NATIONAL POLICY ON SAFETY ,HEALTH & ENVIRONMENT AT WORK PLACE

#CAMPAIGN BY SHARING EXPERIENCE& LEARNING.

#BY MAKING FORUM .

#BY ENCOURAGING JOINT LABOUR MANAGEMENT

#BY PROVIDING MEDICAL CRITERIA-

#BY APPROPRIATE REPORTING OF SUCH INCIDENCE