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Final Review. Created by Emily, Lauren and Teagan. Divide the sentence into the subject/predicate pair. 1. Hamilton was a hedgehog. 2. Mary rode on her bike to the grocery store. 3. It was the best of times; it was the worst of times. 4. Wash the dishes.

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final review

Final Review

Created by Emily, Lauren and Teagan

divide the sentence into the subject predicate pair
Divide the sentence into the subject/predicate pair

1. Hamilton was a hedgehog.

2. Mary rode on her bike to the grocery store.

3. It was the best of times; it was the worst of times.

4. Wash the dishes.

5. The murder weapon was found in the alley.

answers
Answers

1. Hamilton was a hedgehog.

2. Mary rode on her bike to the grocery store.

3. It was the best of times; it was the worst of times.

4. (You) Wash the dishes.

5. The murder weapon was found in the alley.

slide4
Why?

Predicate: The verb in the sentence.

Complete Predicate: includes all the words that state the action or condition of the subject

Subject: The WHO or WHAT in the sentence.

Complete Subject: includes all the words that tell WHO or WHAT the sentence is about.

what are the prepositional phrases
What are the prepositional phrases?

1.Where are my glasses? I thought I left them in the drawer.

2. Your glasses are on your head

3. Thank you, we can get some custard at Culvers.

4. I love reading the flyers about the Flavor of the Day!

answers1
Answers

1.Where are my glasses? I thought I left them in the drawer.

2. Your glasses are on your head!

3. Thank you, we can get some custard at Culvers.

4. I love reading the flyers about the Flavor of the Day!

slide7
Why?

About Above Across After Along Among Around At

Before Beside Between Against Within Without Beneath Through

During Under In Into Over Of Off To Toward

These are the prepositions. Words that tie directly to the preposition plus the preposition, are called a prepositional phrase.

Up On Near Far From Except By

With Beside Below Down

add commas where necessary
Add commas where necessary

1. Please bring me my backpack Mom.

2. According to Shelly spiders are gross.

3. Waterskiing one of my favorite water sports is fun and gives me a rush.

4. I got flour salt milk and sugar at the store.

5. She had a happy smiling face.

answers2
Answers

1. Please bring me my backpack,Mom.

2. According to Shelly, spiders are gross.

3. Waterskiing, one of my favorite water sports, is fun and gives mea rush.

4. I got flour, salt, milk, and sugar at the store.

5. She had a happy, smiling face.

slide10
Why?

1.This directly addresses a person.

2.This is an introductory phrase

3.This is an appositive (extra information)

4.This lists items in a series

5. The adjectives are of equal importance, therefore the sentence is in need of a comma

fragment or run on
Fragment or run on?

1. I want to shop and I want to read.

2. The books on the shelf in the classroom.

3. Running to school.

4. I love Taylor Swift and I love Justin Bieber.

5. The popcorn was tasty but the slushies were better.

answers3
Answers

1. I want to shop and I want to read. Run on

2. The books on the shelf in the classroom. Fragment

3. Running to school. Fragment

4. The weather. Fragment

5. The popcorn was tasty but the slushies were better. Run On

slide13
Why?

A fragment is when the sentence is missing a subject or a predicate.

A run on is when a sentence has two subject predicate pairs but lacks proper punctuation.

put the words into their plural form
Put the words into their plural form

1. Deer

2. Louse

3. Bureau

4. Person

5. Child

6. Datum

answers4
Answers

1. Deer-Deer

2. Louse-Lice

3. Bureau-Bureaux

4. Person-People

5. Child-Children

6. Datum-Data

compound complex or simple
Compound, complex, or simple?

1. My sister likes dogs; she says they are cute.

2. I went to bed early because I was tired.

3. Even though we annoy each other, we still have fun.

4. I can’t believe it is Friday already!

answers5
Answers

1. My sister likes dogs; she says they are cute. Compound

2. I went to bed early because I was tired.

Complex

3. Even though we annoy each other, we still have fun. Complex

4. I can’t believe it is Friday already! Simple

slide18
Why?

Complex: One independent clause joined with a dependent clause, with two subject/predicate pairs.

Compound: Two independent clauses joined by a conjunction. (,FANBOYS or semicolon) Also has two subject/predicate pairs

Simple: Has one subject/predicate pair.

declarative interrogative imperative or exclamatory
Declarative, Interrogative, Imperative, or Exclamatory?

1. I love my hedgehog!

2. We made pizza.

3. Grab that box.

4. Do you like hedgehogs?

5. Don’t drop it.

answers6
Answers

1. I love my hedgehog! Exclamatory

2. We made pizza. Declarative

3. Grab that box. Imperative

4. Do you like hedgehogs? Interrogative

5. Don’t drop it. Imperative

slide21
Why?
  • Exclamatory sentences are when you exclaim things. They end in exclamation points!
  • Declarative sentences are when you declare things. They end in periods.
  • Imperative sentences are when it someone is giving an order. It is imperative that follow the order that is given.
  • Interrogative is when the sentence is asking a question. Have you ever heard of the interrogation room that detectives use? They ask the suspect questions in the interrogation room.
what tenses are the sentences
What tenses are the sentences?

1. We went to the game.

2. The hedgehog is fun!

3. I love ice cream.

4. I had a good time in Tennessee.

5. The rhinos are cool animals.

answers7
Answers

1. We went to the game. Past.

2. The hedgehog is fun! Present.

3. I love ice cream. Present.

4. I had a good time in Tennessee. Past.

5. The rhinos are cool animals. Present.

slide24
Why?

Past: when something has already happened . Past tense verbs usually end in -ed

  • (It’s a thing of the past!)

Present: When something is currently happening. Present tense verbs usually end in -ing

  • (There is no time like the present)
is the sentence tone or mood
Is the sentence tone...or mood?

1. The gloomy haunted house made a creaking noise.

2. I wish that disgusting dog would stop.

3. This is an awful apartment.

answers8
Answers

1. The dark haunted house made a creaking noise. Mood.

2. I wish that disgusting dog would stop. Tone.

3. This is an awful apartment. Tone.

slide27
Why?

The best way to

explain it is this!

capitalize where needed
Capitalize where needed

1. julian and becca shopped at jcpenney.

2. I love visiting the south; I love the people’s accents

3. Polly achieved the superior honors honor roll.

4. In school, I take english, spanish, and math.

answers9
Answers

1. Julian and Becca shopped at JCPenney.

2. I love visiting the South; I love the people’s accents.

3. Polly achieved the Superior Honors Honor Roll.

4. In school I take English, Spanish, and math.

slide30
Why

1. Capitalize names and names of places

2. Capitalize proper nouns (South is acting as one)

3. Capitalize proper nouns

4. Capitalize the names of languages, don’t capitalize generic subjects.

find the double negatives
Find the double negatives

1.I don’t seldom eat out at lunch.

2.We don’t hardly talk anymore.

3.She doesn’t hardly play basketball.

4. Greta doesn’t seldom completes her homework.

answers10
Answers

1. I don’t seldom eat out at lunch.

2. We don’t hardly talk anymore.

3. She doesn’t hardly play basketball.

4. Greta doesn’t seldom completes her homework.

slide33
Why?

For all the questions, you can remove either negative. Removing one negative may make the sentence flow better. Deleting either would still be grammatically correct as long as the rest of the sentence agree.

is the sentence is active or passive
Is the sentence is active or passive?

1.The dog jumped over the log.

2.The chair was blown over by the wind.

3. I danced in the show.

4.The paper was taken away.

5.The cat was scared by the dog.

answers11
Answers

1. Active

2. Passive

3. Active

4. Passive

5. Passive

slide36
Why?

Ask yourself what is happening in the sentence. Then find the subject-predicate pairs. If the subject does the action, then it is written in active voice. If not, it is written in passive voice.

find the possessive noun is it correct
Find the possessive noun. Is it correct?

1. Look at the childrens’ shirts.

2. Did you see Chris’ new shirt?

3. That is my dogs’ favorite too!

4. Those women’s hats are huge.

5. Gus’s favorite foods are tacos and pizza.

slide38
1. Look at the childrens’shirts. (children’s)

2. Did you see Chris’ new shirt? (Chris’s)

3. That is my dogs’ favorite too! (dog’s)

4. Those women’s hats are huge. correct

5. Gus’s favorite color dark green . correct

slide39
Why?

1. Children’s because there are more than 1 child and no ‘s at end.

2. Chris’s because their is only one Chris

3. Dog’s because their is only one dog.

4. correct because more than 1 woman and no s at the end

5. Gus’s because only 1 Gus

fix the pronoun antecedent
Fix the pronoun antecedent.

1.Everyone brought their own pencil.

2. No one has read their book yet.

3. After school, all of us went to his/her house.

4. Each student has his/her own locker.

5. Nobody wants their project grade to be a F.

answers12
Answers

1.Everyone brought his/her own pencil.

2. No one has read his/her book yet.

3. After school, all of us went to their house.

4. Each student has their own locker.

5. Nobody wants his/her project grade to be an F.

slide42
Why?

Words ending in -one or -body as well as each and one need to have singular pronouns.

what literary device is being used
What literary device is being used.

1.The water is as cold as ice.

2. The stars danced in the moon light.

3.He is the smartest person in the whole world!

4. Charley and Creagan created a colorful can.

5. My life is a rollercoaster.

answers13
Answers

1. Simile

2. Personification

3. Hyperbole

4. Alliteration

5. Metaphor

slide45
Why?

1. A simile compares two things using “like” or “as”

2. Personification gives human qualities to objects.

3. Hyperbole is a huge exaggeration.

4.Alliteration is repeating on sound.

5. metaphor compares 2 things without like/as.

fix the sentence so it s parallel
Fix the sentence so it’s parallel.

1. We have swimming, dancing and to work on our project tonight.

2. Do you like to play tag, running or to swing better?

3. My sister needs us to make supper, to clean her room and wash laundry before we can leave.

answers14
Answers

1. We have swimming, dancing and working

on our project tonight.

2. Do you like to play tag, to run or to swing better?

3. My sister needs us to make supper, to clean her room and to wash laundry before we can leave.

slide48
Why?

1. Swimming and dancing end in -ing, so work needs an -ing.

2. To play and to swim both are infinitives, so run needs to be to run.

3. To make and to clean are infinitives, which means was needs to be to wash.

correctly punctuate the titles
Correctly punctuate the titles.

1.counting stars (song)

2. anne of green gables (book)

3. where the sidewalk ends (poem)

4.the bell and the hammer (chapter in book)

5.starry night (painting)

6.wicked (musical)

answers15
Answers

1. “Counting Stars”

2. Anne of Green Gables

3. “Where the Sidewalk Ends”

4. “The Bell and The Hammer”

5. Starry Night

6. Wicked

slide51
Why

You always underline/italics all books, plays,magazines, movies, musicals, epic poems, paintings, ships, trains, airplanes, spacecraft and cds. You must add quotation marks(“”) around chapters in a book, short stories, essays, magazine articles, songs and poems.

correct or incorrect
Correct….or incorrect?

1. The bestest part of the day is snack time!

2. I had the greatest time on vacation.

3. She is the funner twin.

4. He has a worse funnier story.

answers16
Answers

1. The bestest part of the day of snack time! Incorrect.

2. I had the greatest time on vacation. Correct.

3. She is the funner twin. Incorrect.

4. He has a worse funnier story. Incorrect.

slide54
Why?

1. Best is superlative already, it does not need -est added to the end.

2. Greatest is the correct superlative!

3. Funner is not a word. it should be more fun.

4. This is a double comparative! The correct answer is less funny.

find the verbals and list the type
Find the verbals….and list the type!

1. I love running!

2. The singing child smiled.

3. Do you like to swim?

4. I wish there was something to do.

5. She enjoys jumping up and down.

answers17
Answers

1. I love running! Gerund.

2. The singing child smiled. Participle.

3. Do you like to swim? Infinitive.

4. I wish there was something to do. Infinitive.

5. She enjoys jumping up and down. Gerund.

slide57
Why?
  • Gerund: A verb acting as a noun, usually ends in -ing
  • Participle: A verb acting as an adverb, usually ends in -ing or -ed
  • Infinitive: an infinitive is to plus a verb (to run, to climb, etc.)
the end

The End

Thank you so much for coming! Good luck!