TAIEX INFRA 40962 – Eskisehir 4 March 2010 Workshop on Packaging Waste Management: Legislation and Implementation Directive 94/62/EC and the EU legislative framwork Regional Government of Valencia Department of Environment, Water, Town Planning and Housing
Workshop on Packaging Waste Management: Legislation and Implementation
Directive 94/62/EC and the EU legislative framwork
Regional Government of Valencia
Department of Environment, Water, Town Planning and Housing
Environmental Quality Area - D.G. Climate Change
Member States are required to draw up waste management plans (Dir. 75/442/EEC – Art. 7) in orderto achieve:
preference for recovery over disposal, disposal or recovery without endangering human health or the environment, an integrated network of disposal installations
Hazardous waste (Dir. 91/689/EEC):
either separate plans or part of ageneral waste management plan
Packaging waste (Dir. 94/62/EC Article 14):
National waste management plans are required to include a specific chapter on the management of packaging and packaging waste.
The Community first introduced measures on the management of packaging waste in the early 1980s. (Directive 85/339/EEC covered the packaging of liquid beverage containers); however, since it was too vague, diverging national legislations appeared in several Member States.
Only some EU Member States introduced measures on packaging and packaging waste management. Serious internal market problems arose when cheap secondary materials from countries with recycling schemes appeared.
For this reason, economic operators and Member States prompted the Commission to introduce comprehensive legislation on packaging. In 1992, the Commission outlined a Proposal for a Council Directive on Packaging and Packaging Waste.
Following a prolonged discussion in the European Parliament and the Council of Ministers, Directive 94/62/CE was adopted
All packaging placed on the market of the Community and all packaging waste, whether it is used or released at industrial, commercial, office, shop, service, household or any other level, regardless of the material used.
Packaging waste involved are the one used or released by: plants, commercial businesses, offices, shops, services, households and any other activity, regardless of the material used.
Directive 2004/12/CE (amending Directive 94/62/CE) establishes criteria which clarify the definition of the term 'packaging'. Clear examples are given in Annex I that replacing Annex I to Directive 94/62/CE.
2. 'packaging waste`: any packaging or packaging material covered by the definition of waste in Directive 75/442/EEC, excluding production residues.
4. 'prevention`: reduction of the quantity and of the harmfulness for the environment.
5. 'reuse`: any operation by which packaging is refilled or used for the same purpose for which it was conceived.
7. 'recycling`: reprocessing in a production process of the waste materials for the original purpose or for other purposes including organic recycling but excluding energy recovery.
11. 'economic operators`: suppliers of packaging materials, packaging producers and converters, fillers and users, importers, traders and distributors, authorities and statutory organizations
• Heavy metal limits for packaging (Art. 11)
600, 250 and 100 ppm by weight for the sum of Pb, Cd, Hg and CrVI
Member States shall ensure that, in addition to the measures to prevent the formation of packaging waste taken in accordance with Article 9 (essential requirements), other preventive measures are implemented.
Such other measures may consist of national programs or similar actions adopted.
They shall comply with the objectives of this Directive.
The Council shall decide on the marking of packaging;
To facilitate collection, reuse and recovery (including recycling), packaging shall indicate the nature of the packaging material(s) used for identification and classification by the industry concerned.
The Commission, on the basis of Annex I and in accordance with the procedure established in Article 21, emanates the Decision 97/129/EC, which establishes the identification system for packaging materials, the numbering and abbreviations on which the identification system is based, indicating the nature of the packaging material(s) used and specifying which materials are subject to the identification system.
A 'Life Cycle Assessment‘ ('cradle-to-grave analysis'): investigation and evaluation of the environmental impacts of a given product or service.
is an approach to the design of a product with special consideration for its environmental impactsduring the whole lifecycle. In a life cycle assessment the life cycle of a product is usually divided into procurement, manufacture, use and disposal.
Ecodesign is very useful for the application of LCA methodology to packaging management.
Current take back obligations
End of Life Vehicles (ELV)
Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE)
Paper waste (namely, all kind of newspapers, magazines, etc...);
Accumulators and batteries;
Waste oils and fats from animal and vegetable origin.
Current waste management plans
Bio- organic waste
Municipal solid waste
Separated industrial waste collection in small enterprises (sme)
Construction and demolition waste
High caloric waste
Dredging spoils (draft)
The minimum target of 25 % recycling of all packaging materials was achieved by all EU-27 members in 2006.
Furthermore, 15 of the 27 Member States had already complied with the overall minimum recycling target for 2008 by 2007.
The total EU-15 recycling rate increased from 45 % in 1997 to 60 % in 2007.
The EU-12 recycling rate increased from 34% in 2005 to 47% in 2007.
As with consumption of packaging per capita, the total recycling rate in the Member States in 2007 varied greatly, from 26 % in Cyprus to 80 % in Belgium.
To achieve the targets, several Member States have introduced producer responsibility and established packaging recycling schemes or introduced economic instruments (e.g. taxes, deposit systems). Other countries have improved their existing collection and recycling system.
Thank you for your attention
Regional Government of Valencia
D.G. for Climate Change
Environmental Quality Area