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Principles of Landscaping
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  1. Principles of Landscaping

  2. Landscaping • The use of plants and inanimate materials to enhance the utility (function) and beauty (aesthetics) of an outdoor area

  3. Value of landscaping • Manipulate environmental conditions • Shade, light wind • Increased property value • Exercise, therapeutic • More satisfying living experience • Increased privacy • Refuge for animal life • Control vehicular and pedestrian traffic • Hide unattractive areas • Reduce noise

  4. Cost of landscaping • Cost • Quality of plants, materials • Procurement & installation • Age/size of plants • Recurrent costs • Water, chemicals, mulch • Time • Maintenance • Water, fertilizer, pest control, controlling plant growth

  5. Landscape design • Surfaces: lawns, patios, terraces • Paths: materials (lawn, ground cover, stone, etc.) • Level changes: steps, slopes, retaining walls • Boundaries: walls, fences, hedges • Structures: garden buildings, pergolas, arches

  6. Landscape design • Ornamental plants • Trees, shrubs, climbing plants, ground covers, herbaceous plants (annuals & perennials) • Specimens

  7. Landscape design • Garden features • Kitchen garden, herb garden • Water features (pond, flowing water, fountain) • Ornaments & pots

  8. Garden styles • Formal (clipped hedges, topiary, Oriental, still water, statuary)

  9. Garden styles • Informal (Cottage)

  10. Garden styles • Informal (woodland)

  11. Garden styles • Themes (color, shape, repetition)

  12. Garden styles • Modern (contemporary)

  13. Landscape design • Site • Needs • Landscape principles • Plants • Materials/objects

  14. Site analysis • soil texture & quality, drainage • utility of existing plants • location of underground and above ground utilities • good and bad views • focal points of interest • negative features of buildings and landscape • window locations • aspects of climate (sun rise/set, sun/shade patterns, wind directions)

  15. Site analysis - views

  16. Needs Analysis

  17. W E

  18. Elements of design • Features of plants that create moods • Color • Texture • Form • Line

  19. Elements of design – color

  20. Color principles • Colors influenced by light intensity • Background color important for effect of foreground plants • Reds, yellows – advance • Blues, greens - recede

  21. Elements of design – texture • Leaves • Branches • Mulch

  22. Elements of design - form • The 3-D shape of the plant canopy

  23. Plant forms

  24. Plant forms

  25. Elements of design – line • Line is a boundary element • Shape & structure are defined by line

  26. Line • Curved lines vs. straight lines

  27. Principles of design • Simplicity • Balance • Focalization of interest • Rhythm & line • Scale or proportion

  28. Principle of simplicity

  29. Principle of balance

  30. Balance

  31. Balance

  32. Balance

  33. Focalization of interest

  34. Rhythm & line

  35. Rhythm & line

  36. Scale/proportion

  37. Scale/proportion