Stages of the Menstrual Cycle • Days 1-4: Uterine lining is shed during menstruation • Days 5-13: An egg matures in one of the ovaries and the uterine lining thickens • Days 14-15: The ovary releases the mature egg during ovulation
Days 16-22: The egg travels through the fallopian tube to the uterus and the uterine lining continues to thicken. • Days 23-28: The unfertilized egg enters the uterus.
Menstrual Discomfort • Some may experience abdominal cramps caused by contractions of the uterus. • Women should seek a medical professional for severe cramps and other menstrual problems. • PMS(premenstrual syndrome): This is when women experience discomfort some time before the menstrual period. • Caused by dramatic change in hormone levels. • Ex: Mood swings, headaches, bloating, irritability.
Toxic Shock • A bacterial infection in the vagina and associated with tampon use. • Symptoms: High Fever, rash, diarrhea, and dizziness. • Can lead to death so seek medical help right away if these symptoms are present • Wear lowest possible absorbency for needs and also change tampons frequently.
Help for Menstrual Cramps • Moderate Exercise • Warm bath • Heating pad • Aspirin or Ibuprofen with a doctors approval
Keeping healthy • Cleanliness- Clean thoroughly especially during menstruation. • Sexual Abstinence • Prompt Treatment for infections- Seek professional care • Self-Exams- Check for breast cancer, symptoms of vaginitis, sores, and unusual pain in the abdomen. Period may regularity and bleeding between periods.
Pap Smear: Sample of cells is taken from the cervix. Can detect cervical cancer. • Mammogram: Starting at age 40, women should get a mammogram which is an x-ray of the breast that can help detect breast cancer. If family history is present mammograms may be conducted before age 40 • Ovarian Cysts: Large ones may be painful and need to surgically be removed • Endometriosis: Tissue of the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus into the pelvic cavity