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Female Reproductive S ystem. Stages of the Menstrual Cycle. Days 1-4: Uterine lining is shed during menstruation Days 5-13: An egg matures in one of the ovaries and the uterine lining thickens Days 14-15: The ovary releases the mature egg during ovulation.

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stages of the menstrual cycle
Stages of the Menstrual Cycle
  • Days 1-4: Uterine lining is shed during menstruation
  • Days 5-13: An egg matures in one of the ovaries and the uterine lining thickens
  • Days 14-15: The ovary releases the mature egg during ovulation
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Days 16-22: The egg travels through the fallopian tube to the uterus and the uterine lining continues to thicken.

  • Days 23-28: The unfertilized egg enters the uterus.
menstrual discomfort
Menstrual Discomfort
  • Some may experience abdominal cramps caused by contractions of the uterus.
  • Women should seek a medical professional for severe cramps and other menstrual problems.
  • PMS(premenstrual syndrome): This is when women experience discomfort some time before the menstrual period.
  • Caused by dramatic change in hormone levels.
  • Ex: Mood swings, headaches, bloating, irritability.
toxic shock
Toxic Shock
  • A bacterial infection in the vagina and associated with tampon use.
  • Symptoms: High Fever, rash, diarrhea, and dizziness.
  • Can lead to death so seek medical help right away if these symptoms are present
  • Wear lowest possible absorbency for needs and also change tampons frequently.
help for m enstrual cramps
Help for Menstrual Cramps
  • Moderate Exercise
  • Warm bath
  • Heating pad
  • Aspirin or Ibuprofen with a doctors approval
keeping healthy
Keeping healthy
  • Cleanliness- Clean thoroughly especially during menstruation.
  • Sexual Abstinence
  • Prompt Treatment for infections- Seek professional care
  • Self-Exams- Check for breast cancer, symptoms of vaginitis, sores, and unusual pain in the abdomen. Period may regularity and bleeding between periods.
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Pap Smear: Sample of cells is taken from the cervix. Can detect cervical cancer.

  • Mammogram: Starting at age 40, women should get a mammogram which is an x-ray of the breast that can help detect breast cancer. If family history is present mammograms may be conducted before age 40
  • Ovarian Cysts: Large ones may be painful and need to surgically be removed
  • Endometriosis: Tissue of the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus into the pelvic cavity