Education in England Автор презентации: Коряковцева Любовь ПавловнаУчитель английского языка МАОУ ОСОШ№1 Высшая категория
Education is important in England, as it is in Wales and Scotland too. British children are required by law to have an education until they are 16 years old. Education is compulsory, but school is not, children are not required to attend school. They could be educated at home.
Answer the questions: • Until what age are British children required by law to have an education? • Is education in Britain compulsory or not? • Are children required to attend school or could they be educated at home?
Education is free for all children from 5 to 16. Full-time education is compulsory for all children aged between 5 and 16 (inclusive) across England. This can be provided by state schools, independent schools, or homeschooling. About 94 per cent of pupils in England, and the rest of the UK, receive free education from public funds, while 6 per cent attend independent fee paying schools or homeschooling.
Answer the questions: 1. Is education in England free or fee? 2. For children of what age full – time education is compulsory? 3. What is the per cent of pupils in England receiving free education? 4. What is the per cent of pupils in England receiving fee education?
Curriculum All government-run schools, state schools, follow the same National Curriculum. The School Year The school year runs from September to July and is 39 weeks long. For many areas the year is divided into six terms: September to October October to December January to February February to March April to May June to July (Some counties in England follow the traditional three terms a year.) The dates for school terms and holidays are decided by the local authority or the governing body of a school, or by the school itself for independent schools.
Answer the questions: • What curriculum do all government-run schools, state schools follow? • How long does the school year run? • How many terms is the school year divided? • By whom are the dates for school terms and holidays decided?
School holidays • The main school holidays are: • Christmas- 2 weeks • Spring - 2 weeks • Summer - 6 weeks • There are also one week holidays: • end of October • middle ofFebruary • end of May
When do kids start school? Children normally start primary school at the age of four or five, but many schools now have a reception year for four year olds. Children normally leave at the age of 11, moving on to secondary school (High school).
Answer the questions: • 1. At what age do children start primary school? • At what age do children leave primary school and move on to secondary school? • Are there any schools now having a reception year for four year olds?
When do kids leave school? In England, compulsory schooling currently ends on the last Friday in June during the academic year in which a pupil attains the age of 16. Current government proposals are to raise the age until which students must continue to receive some form of education or training to 18. This is expected to be phased in by 2015.
When do kids leave school? At the age of 16, students in England, Wales and Northern Ireland take an examination called the GCSE (General Certificate of Secondary Education). Study of GSCE subjects begins at the start of Year 10 (age 14-15), and final examinations are then taken at the end of Year 11 (age 15-16).
Answer the questions: 1.What is expected to be phased in by 2015? 2.What examination do the students in England, Wales and Northern Ireland take at the age of 16? 3.When does the Study of GSCE subjects begin?
What subjects do the students study in state schools? In state schools English, Mathematics, Science, Religious Education and Physical Education are studied during Key Stage 4 (the GCSE years of school); in England, some form of ICT and citizenship must be studied and, in Wales, Welsh must be studied. Other subjects, chosen by the individual pupil, are also studied.
What do students do after leaving school? In Scotland, the equivalent of the GCSE is the Standard Grade. After completing the GCSE, some students leave school, others go onto technical college, the others continue education at high school for two more years and take a further set of standardized exams, known as A levels, in three or four subjects. These exams determine whether a student is eligible for university.
Answer the questions: • What subjects are studied in state schools during Key Stage 4? • Can a pupil chose the subjects for individual learning? • How is the equivalent of the GCSE is called in Scotland? • Where can the students go after completing the GCSE? • What exams determine whether a student is eligible for university or not?
Do children wear a school uniform? Most school in England require children to wear a school uniform. The uniform BoysLong grey or black trousers (shorts may be worn in the Summer)White ShirtSchool tie (optional in most primary schools)Jumper or sweater with the school logo on. The colour is the choice of the schools.Black shoes GirlsAs above.Girls may wear skirts During the summer term girls often wear summer school dresses.
School Terms Total days - 195 days
On what days do the children attend school? The children attend school from Monday to Friday, from 08:55 - 15:15. Holidays
Why wear a Uniform? When the students go on a school trip they don’t look the same and so can't get lost. A uniform stops kids worrying about what to wear each day. Everyone is equal. Parents don't have to shop for expensive and varied wardrobes for their children to keep up with or show-off to other children Wearing a uniform instills a sense of pride and discipline in students. Why not to wear a uniform? Uniforms deny students their right to personal identity and self-expression.
A typical school day Students Arrive The students start arriving on upper playground from about 8:45 am. Most of the children walk from near by housing estates but some travel to school by car. The children wear a school uniformand carry their homework and packed lunch in a school bag.
A typical school day The Start School begins at 8:55 am. The duty teacher blows a whistle and the children line up in their class groups. They wait quietly for the teacher to send them to their classrooms. On arriving in their classrooms, the children empty their bags and put their homework in the marking trays/boxes. They hang their bags and coats on the pegs in the cloakrooms (each class has their own cloakroom). The children then go back into their classrooms.
Registration Every morning the class teacher takes the attendance register. The attendance of every child attending school each morning and afternoon is recorded in a special book. The teacher reads out each child’s name in turn. On hearing his/her name, the child replies 'yes Mrs. (teacher's name)' and the teacher notes down in the book whether the child is in school or not.
Assembly At 9:10 am the children go to assembly in the main hall. They sit on the floor in rows with the youngest children at the front and the older children at the back. As the children enter the hall they listen quietly to the music playing. Each week has a different musical theme and the children are asked to listen out for particular things.
First Lesson of the Day The first lesson of the day begins at 9:30 am and lasts for an hour. Electronic equipment in the Classrooms Every classroom has the following: a computer an overhead projector tape recorder / cd player an interactive whiteboard with data projectors portable TVs with video recorders to share
Break Time The children have their morning break from 10:20 - 10:35 am. Some children bring a snack from home to eat in the playgrounds. This snack is usually a packet of crisps, fruit or a couple of biscuits.
Break Time The children play games on the playgrounds, adventure playground or in the summer term, they play on large playing field. Football is a very popular game but the children also play many other games . At the end of Break Time the duty teacher blows a whistle. The children stand still and wait to be told to line up in their class lines.
Time Table 9:00 1st Period 10:00 2nd Period 11:00 - 11:20 Break 11:20 3rd Period 12:30 4th Period 1:30 - 2:10 Lunch 2:10 5th Period 3:10 End of School
Clubs Computers Country Dancing Football Netball Newspaper Reporters Recorders Judo Eco/ Science Environmental Science Dance Choir Drama Maths Cross Country
School tests in England The British Government places great importance on the need to assess and test pupils in order to know what they have achieved. Compulsory testing takes place at the ages of seven, eleven and fourteen in England. All children in state schools are tested in English and mathematics at the ages of seven, 11 and 14, and pupils aged 11 and 14 are also tested in science. Most young people take GCSE (General Certificate of Secondary Education) examinations at sixteen, and many take vocational qualifications, A/S and A levels (Advanced levels), at seventeen and eighteen.
Answer the questions: • At what ages does compulsory testing take place in England? • In what subjects are the children in state schools tested at the ages of 7, 11 and 14? • At what age do most young people take GCSE?
What types of schools do they have in England? State Schools In the UK 93% of the children in England and Wales go to "state schools". State schools are non fee-paying, funded from taxes and most are organized by Local Authorities (LA). Parents are expected to make sure that their child has a pen, pencil, ruler etc. Parents are, however, expected to pay for their child's school uniform and items of sports wear. Charges may also be made for music lessons and for board and lodgings on residential trips. Schools may ask for voluntary contributions for school time activities - but no pupil may be left out of an activity if their parents cannot contribute.
Answer the questions: • What are the parents expected to make sure? • What are the parents expected to pay for? • What charges may also be made for? • What schools may ask the parents for?
Primary schools (5 - 11 year olds) In the UK, the first level of education is known as primary education. The pupils of this level are almost always mixed sex, and the schools are usually located close to the child's home. Children tend to be with the same group throughout the day, and one teacher has responsibility for most of the work they do. Parents are strongly encouraged to help their children, particularly with reading and writing, and small amounts of homework are set to all children, even during the early years at school.
Answer the questions: • Who has responsibility for most of the pupils’ work? • Are parents are strongly encouraged to help their children? • In what work are parents helpful?
Secondary schools (11 - 16 year olds) Most children transfer at the age of 11 – usually to their nearest secondary school, though the law allows parents in England and Wales to express preferences for other schools too. A place has to be offered at the parents' preferred school unless the school has more applicants than places; in that case it will admit the children who have the highest priority under its published admission arrangements which can vary a little in different places.
Secondary schools (11 - 16 year olds) Most secondary schools cater for both sexes. They tend to be much larger than primary schools. Nearly 88 per cent of secondary school pupils in England go to comprehensive schools, as do all pupils in Wales. These schools take children of all abilities and provide a wide range of secondary education for all or most of the children in a district from 11 to 16 or 18. All children in Scotland go to non-selective schools.
Answer the questions: • Where do most children transfer at the age of 11? • What does the law in England and Wales allow? • What is the per cent of secondary school pupils in England going to comprehensive schools? • What pupils do the comprehensive schools take?
Grammar Schools Grammar Schools are selective, they offer academically oriented general education. Entrance is based on a test of ability, usually at 11 (11+). Grammar schools are single sexed schools. Children either go to a Boys Grammar School or a Girls Grammar School. There are grammar schools in Northern Ireland and in some parts of England.
Independent Schools 7% of the children in England go to independent schools. Independent schools are known as private schools and public schools . Parents pay for their children to attend these schools. Nursery/Kindergarten 2 to 4 years Pre-preparatory 3 or 4 to 7 years Preparatory 7 to 11 or 13 years Public 11 or 13 to 18 years
Answer the questions: • What do Grammar Schools offer? • What kind of schools are Grammar Schools ? • Where are the most of Grammar Schools situated? • What is the per cent of the children in England going to independent schools? • Do parents pay for their children to attend these schools?
Preparatory SchoolsA preparatory school is a school to prepare pupils to go to a public school. Public SchoolsA public school is an independent secondary school. Public schools in England are not run by the government. The entrance exams used by most public schools are known as Common Entrance exams and are taken at the age of 11 (girls) or 13 (boys). The most famous public schools are Eton, Harrow and Winchester.
Answer the questions: • What is a preparatory school? • What is a public school? • What kinds of exams are taken at public schools? • What are the most famous public schools?
Higher Education Around 30% of the 18 to 19 year olds enter full-time higher education. There are 46 universities in Britain. The oldest and best-known universities are located in Oxford, Cambridge, London, Leeds, Manchester, Liverpool, Edinburgh, Southampton, Cardiff, Bristol and Birmingham. Good A-level results in at least 2 subjects are necessary to get a place at a university. However, good exam passes alone are not enough. Universities choose their students after interviews.
Answer the questions • What is the per cent of the 18 to 19 year olds entering full-time higher education each year? • How many universities are there in Britain? • What are the oldest and best-known universities? • What results are necessary to get a place at a university? • When do universities choose their students ?
Match the types of schools with the definitions. 1. nursery a) a school for advanced education, especially in a particular profession 2. Kindergartenb) a school in the US and Canada for children of 14 or 15 to 18 years old 3. primary c) a school for children aged two to five 4. secondary d) a school for children who are between three and five years old 5. junior high e) a school for children between the ages of 11 and 16 or 18 6. high f ) a school for children between five and 11 years old in England 7. elementary g) a school in the US and Canada for children aged between 12 and 14 or 15 8. college h) a school in the US for the first six years of a child’s education
Match the types of schools with the definitions. Key: 1. d; 2. c; 3. f; 4. e; 5. g; 6. b; 7. h; 8. a
Match the words with their meanings. 1. student a) a student in their last year of high school or university 2. pupil b) a student who is in the second year of study at a college or high school 3. freshman c) a student in the first year of high school or university 4. sophomore d) someone who is studying at a university, school 5. junior e) someone who is being taught, especially a child 6. senior f) a student in the year before the final year of high school or college 7. graduate g) someone who is studying at a university to get a master’s degree 8. postgraduate h) someone who has completed a university degree
Match the words with their meanings. Key: 1. d; 2. e; 3. c; 4. b; 5. f; 6. a; 7. h; 8. g