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ILO Convention on Safety in the Use of Asbestos, 1986, (No.162). Wiking Husberg, ILO Moscow. ILO instruments in OSH. Legal frameworks for action: Labour Inspection C.81 Occupational Cancer C.139 Working Environment C.148 Occupational Safety and Health C.155

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ilo instruments in osh
ILO instruments in OSH
  • Legal frameworks for action:
  • Labour Inspection C.81
  • Occupational Cancer C.139
  • Working Environment C.148
  • Occupational Safety and Health C.155
  • Occupational Health Services C.161
  • Asbestos Convention 162
  • Chemicals Convention 170
  • Occupational Safety and Health Framework C 187
  • 35 Codes of Practice

A unique and formidable body of definitions, principles, obligations, duties and rights, as well as technical guidance that reflects the views of labour stakeholders

asbestos convention
ASBESTOS CONVENTION
  • International Labour Conference, 1986, Adoption of:

The Asbestos Convention (No. 162)

The Asbestos Recommendation (No.172)

To date, ratified by 32 countries and widely voluntary applied

slide4

32 Ratifications of ILO Asbestos C.162

Belgium Korea

Bolivia Luxemburg

Bosnia and Herzegovina Macedonia Brazil Montenegro

Cameroon Netherlands

Canada Norway

Chile Portugal

Colombia Russian Federation

Croatia Slovenia

Cyprus Spain

Denmark Serbia

Ecuador Sweden

Finland Switzerland

Germany Uganda

Guatemala Uruguay

Japan Zimbabwe

asbestos convention 162
ASBESTOS CONVENTION 162

PART I: SCOPE and DEFINITION

  • Applications

All activities involving workers’ exposure to asbestos in the course of work

  • Definitions

asbestos, asbestos dust, airborne asbestos dust, respirable asbestos fibres, esposure to asbestos, workers and workers’ representatives

asbestos convention 1626
ASBESTOS CONVENTION 162

Part II: GENERAL PRINCIPLES

  • National Policies and Regulations
  • Prescription of protective, preventive and control measures
  • Review of laws in the light of technological progress and scientific knowledge
  • Responsibilities of employers and workers
  • System of inspection for enforcement
asbestos convention 1627
ASBESTOS CONVENTION 162

Part III: PROTECTIVE and PREVENTIVE MEASURES

Prevention and control of exposure(Art.9)

  • adequate engineering controls, work practices occupational hygiene
  • prescription of special rules and procedures for use of asbestos or products containing asbestos or certain work practices
asbestos convention 1628
ASBESTOS CONVENTION 162

Part III: PROTECTIVE and PREVENTIVE MEASURES (cont’d)

SPECIAL MEASURES (Art.10)

When necessary to protect the health of workers and technically practicable:

  • replacement of asbestos by other materials scientifically evaluated as harmless or less harmful
  • total or partial prohibition of asbestos or asbestos containing material in certain work practices
asbestos convention 1629
ASBESTOS CONVENTION 162

Part III: PROTECTIVE and PREVENTIVE MEASURES (cont’d)

  • Prohibition: crocidolite, spraying all types
  • Notification of use of asbestos by employers
  • Producers’, Manufactures’ and Suppliers’ responsibilities for labelling
  • Prescription of exposure limits by law
  • Measures to prevent or control the release of asbestos dust into air
asbestos convention 16210
ASBESTOS CONVENTION 162

Part III: PROTECTIVE and PREVENTIVE MEASURES (cont’d)

  • When protective measures do not bring exposure within Occupational Exposure Levels, employer will provide Respiratory Protetcive Equipment and special protective clothing
  • Respiratory Protective Equipment to be used as supplementary, temporary, emergency or exceptional measure and not as alternative to technical control
asbestos convention 16211
ASBESTOS CONVENTION 162

Part III: PROTECTIVE and PREVENTIVE MEASURES (cont’d)

DEMOLITION or REMOVAL of ASBESTOS

  • to be undertaken only by employers or contractors recongnized by the competent authority as qualified to carry out such works

CLOTHING and WASHING FACILITIES

  • to be provided by the employer, cleaning carried out under controlled conditions, prohibited to be taken home
asbestos convention 16212
ASBESTOS CONVENTION 162

Part III: PROTECTIVE and PREVENTIVE MEASURES (cont’d)

ASBESTOS WASTE DISPOSAL

  • to be disposed by employers without health risks to the workers concerned, those handling waste or to populations in the vicinity of the enterprise
  • appropriate measures to be taken to prevent pollution of the general environment
asbestos convention 16213
ASBESTOS CONVENTION 162

Part IV: SURVEILLANCE OF WORK ENVIRONMENT and WORKERS’ HEALTH

Dust concentrations and exposure monitoring (Art. 20)

Emplyer to measure concentrations of asbestos dust

Employer to monitor workers’ exposure to asbestos dusts

Workers’ rights to have access to exposure records

Workers’ rights to request monitoring of work environment and appeal to competent authority for results

Workers’ Health Monitoring (Art. 21)

  • periodic medical examinations
  • development of system of notification of ARD
asbestos convention 16214
ASBESTOS CONVENTION 162

Part V: INFORMATION and EDUCATION

Govt., employers & workers organizations

  • should disseminate information and promote education on health hazards and methods of prevention

Employers

  • should establish written policies and procedures for education, training and re-training

Workers

  • should be informed, instructed in preventive measures, and receive continuing traininig
2001 ilo osh 2001
Руководство по системам управления охраной труда МОТ-СУОТ 2001/ILO-OSH 2001

Единственное в мире международноеруководство, регламентирующее

СУОТ на уровне предприятий

12 0 230 2007
ГОСТ 12.0.230-2007

IDT – идентичен МОТ-СУОТ 2001

Межгосударственный стандарт СНГ

Действует в России с 1 июля 2009 года

mot 2001
MOT-СУОТ 2001

4.10.1.Предупредительные и контролирующие меры

В порядке приоритетности:

(а) устранить опасности/риски

(b) ограничить опасности/риски

(c) минимизация опасности/риска

(d) предоставить средства

индивидуальной защиты

P.1.1

СЛАЙД 6

ilo resolution on asbestos 2006
ILO Resolution on Asbestos, 2006

“The elimination of the future use of asbestos and the identification and proper management of asbestos currently in place are the most effective means to protect workers from asbestos exposure and to prevent future asbestos-related diseases and deaths.”

“The Asbestos Convention, 1986 (No. 162), should not be used to provide a justification for, or endorsement of, the continued use of asbestos.”

http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/health/resolution_on_asbestos.pdf

slide20

http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/health/outline_npead.pdfhttp://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/health/outline_npead.pdf

http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/2007/WHO_SDE_PHE_07.02_eng.pdf

national programme for elimination of asbestos related diseases npead outline
Introduction and purpose

Health aspects

Magnitude of the problem

Economic and social aspects

Political and legal background

National legislation

International commitments

Strategy for elimination of asbestos-related diseases

Preventive strategies

Strategic actions – national, provincial and enterprise levels

Knowledge management

information about substitutes

registry of exposed workers

capacities and resources

National programme for elimination of asbestos-related diseases (NPEAD) – Outline
national programmes for elimination of asbestos related diseases cont d
National programmes for elimination of asbestos-related diseases - cont'd
  • Implementation
    • Preparatory phase – building up political commitment
    • First phase – reducing exposure to chrysotile
    • Second phase – stopping the use of chrysotile asbestos
  • Monitoring and evaluation
    • outcome
    • process
    • administration
  • National asbestos profile
    • first profile
    • periodic update
fact sheet n 343 july 2010 asbestos elimination of asbestos related diseases
Fact sheet N°343, July 2010 Asbestos: elimination of asbestos-related diseases
  • by recognizing that the most efficient way to eliminate asbestos-related diseases is to stop the use of all types of asbestos;
  • by providing information about solutions for replacing asbestos with safer substitutes and developing economic and technological mechanisms to stimulate its replacement;
  • by taking measures to prevent exposure to asbestos in place and during asbestos removal (abatement); and
  • by improving early diagnosis, treatment, social and medical rehabilitation of asbestos-related diseases and to establish registries of people with past and/or current exposures to asbestos.
the ilo position on safety in the use of asbestos sept 2010
The ILO position on safety in the use of asbestos, Sept 2010

4. A Resolution concerning asbestos was adopted by the International Labour Conference at its 95th Session in 2006. Noting that all forms of asbestos, including chrysotile, are classified as human carcinogens by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC),…

the ilo position on safety in the use of asbestos sept 201025
The ILO position on safety in the use of asbestos, Sept 2010

…The Resolution also underlined that the ILO Convention on Safety in the Use of Asbestos, No. 162, should not be used to provide a justification for, or endorsement of, the continued use of asbestos.

the ilo position on safety in the use of asbestos sept 201026
The ILO position on safety in the use of asbestos, Sept 2010

In light of the instructions of the Governing Body following the Resolution, the Office has been:

  • continuing to encourage member States to ratify and give effect to Conventions Nos. 162 and 139;
  • promoting the elimination of the future use of all forms of asbestos and asbestos-containing materials;
  • promoting the identification and proper management of all forms of asbestos currently in place; and
  • encouraging and helping ILO member States to include measures in their national programmes on occupational safety and health to protect workers from exposure to asbestos.
slide27
Премьер-министр Владимир Путин об охране труда

Особое внимание Владимир Путин обратил на необходимость увеличения расходов на охрану труда.

«Легче и дешевле вкладывать деньги в обеспечение безопасности труда, чем в ликвидацию последствий тех трагедий, которые могут произойти или происходят в результате невнимательного отношения к этим проблемам»

(из выступления на встрече

с представителями профсоюзных

организаций Ленинградской

области 7 октября2010 г.)