The New Deal. The New Deal. The United States during the 1930s. Debbie Donnelly, Kirkland H.S. and Jim Birney, Fife Education. Choose from. Background. The New Deal. Success or Failure?. Glossary. Web Sites. The Background – early 1930s.
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The New Deal
Success or Failure?
During President Hoover’s government the Depression was in full swing. Unemployment was at 13 million, industries were closed, farms repossessed and the Dust Bowl was disastrous, banks shut down and the stock market had major difficulties.
People couldn’t find work anywhere so the government had to act.
People searched the newspapers for job adverts.
Hoover lost the 1933 presidential election and was succeeded by
A man who was to become one of the most successful and well liked presidents of all time
Find out more about him.
Roosevelt soon came to the conclusion that a massive change in the American way of life was needed to tackle the problems.
What was needed was a
“The nation asks for action and action now.”
“Our greatest primary task is to put people to work.”
The New Deal
Find out more - Internet.
Banking Acts 1933 and 1935
Fireside chats used to encourage people to put money back into banks
Faith in Securities Act 1933
Securities Act 1934
Federal Emergency Relief Act ( F E R A )
$500 million to state governments to provide relief
Given as DOLE payments
Many states penalised by dollar matching arrangements
People treated abominably by states who believed people should help themselves
Variations in relief provided – Georgia didn’t provide direct relief.
Unique – a move away from laissez faire
Helped prevent starvation
Won political support for the Democrats from the poor
Lowered unemployment from 13 million to 6 million by 1941.
Put up prices by creating artificial scarcity, ie killing livestock, ploughing up crops
This was considered by many to be unconstitutional and an extension of federal powers.
Insurance Scheme introduced.
Parity price fixed for main crops
Black sharecroppers still suffered.
The New Deal introduced major breaks with traditional practices.
Fair Labour Standards Act
Social Security Act
The National Recovery Administration made:-
Employers reacted differently from their workers.
Owners such as Henry Ford said:-
The workers were pleased because:-
Set new standards so that:-
The Wagner Act stated that workers could join a trade union
The Social Security Actsestablished a contributory insurance scheme.
Roosevelt created a number of major agencies known by their initials.
Some opponents called them Alphabet Soup.
The river Tennessee was transformed by
The first New Deal project introduced in March 1933.
Laws passed in Congress.
Hooverville shanty towns built by homeless people during the Great Depression.
Black October 29, 1929 when the Wall Street Tuesday stock market collapsed.
Dust The years of drought which turned the Bowl soil of Mid West farms to dust.
Franklin D. Roosevelt http://www.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/educat33.html
The New Deal