2 Timothy 2 Timothy
NT Overview (Pauline Books + Key Words) 3812439-41 “To the remotest part of the earth” (Acts 1:8) Acts 9 13 14 15 16 18 21 27 28 Apr 48-Sep 49 1Galatia Apr 50-Sep 52 2Aegean Spr 53-May 57 3Asia Feb 60-Mar 62 1Rome Spr 62-Fall 67 4Spain Aut 67-Spr 68 2Rome May 57-Aug 59 DamascusAntioch May 57-Aug 59 Trials Spring 68 Expansion of Church Fall 49 The Council 35 48 49 50 52 53 57 60 62 67 68 95 Kingdom Matt Sov 1 Luke Acts Sov 2 Mark Disciple John Believe Justify Gal Rapture 1 Thess 1 Cor Eph Unity 1 Tim Order Doctrine 2 Tim Sanctify 2 Thess Tribulation 2 Cor Col Deity Conduct Titus Apostle Romans Philem Forgive Righteous Gospels & Acts Attitude Phil Pauline Epistles Pauline Books + Key Words
238 RECIPIENT Timothy – Paul’s long-time travel companion Type Highly personal and emotional letter.
238 OCCASION • written 5 years after 1Timothy • Paul’s second Roman imprisonment (4:6-8) • before Paul’s execution (4: 9, 21) • when Nero put blame on Christians
Origins / Recipients 238 Origin/Recipients 2 Timothy • Paul penned 2 Timothy to his long-time traveling companion, Timothy (2 Tim. 1:2), 5 years after his 1st letter. • Assuming Timothy still remained in Ephesus • (1 Tim. 1:3b), 2 Timothy also had the same destination (2 Tim. 1:16-18; 4:19). • The letter was written from Rome (1:17; 2:9) during Paul's 2nd Roman imprisonment after his 1st defense before the Imperial Court (4:16-17). Rome Ephesus
Key Word / Verse 2 Timothy 238 Key Word Doctrine Key Verse “All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, so that the man of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work… Preach the Word” (2 Timothy 3:16-17; 4:2).
Summary Chart Sound Doctrine Against Opposition Sound Doctrine Against Opposition Persevere in Present Hardship Persevere in Present Hardship Persevere in Future Hardship Persevere in Future Hardship Chapters 1—2 Chapters 1—2 Chapters 3—4 Chapters 3—4 Examples of Faithfulness 1 Examples of Faithfulness 1 Characteristics of Faithfulness 2 Characteristics of Faithfulness 2 Problem: Apostasy 3:1-9 Problem: Apostasy 3:1-9 Solution: Preach the Word 3:10—4:5 Solution: Preach the Word 3:10—4:5 Paul’s Hope 4:6-22 Paul’s Hope 4:6-22 Eunice Lois Paul Onesiphorus Eunice Lois Paul Onesiphorus Discipling * Single-minded * Obedient * Hardworking * Biblical * Holy * Gentle Discipling * Single-minded * Obedient * Hardworking * Biblical * Holy * Gentle Godlessness Hypocrisy Godlessness Hypocrisy Preaching Persevering Rebuking Encouraging Evangelism Preaching Persevering Rebuking Encouraging Evangelism Martyrdom Betrayals Greetings Benediction Martyrdom Betrayals Greetings Benediction Rome to Ephesus Rome to Ephesus Autumn AD 67 (second Roman imprisonment) Autumn AD 67 (second Roman imprisonment) 237 2 Timothy
MAJOR THEMES • Faithfulness • Apostasy • God-inspired Word
MAJOR THEME 1: Faithfulness Examples of Faithfulness: a. Learn from mother, Eunice, & grandmother, Lois (1:3-7) Learn in one’s own home, withparentssetting example of faithfulness in daily dealings.
MAJOR THEME 1: Faithfulness b. Learn from Paul (1:8-14) Paul remained faithful in difficult times because he believed and trusted God to keep him till the end (1:11-12).
MAJOR THEME 1: Faithfulness • c. Learn from Onesiphorus (1:15-18) • Onesiphorus was not ashamed to be known as a friend of Paul when he was a prisoner. He searched for Paul very diligently and found him.
Characteristics of Faithfulness • Soldier(2: 3-4) – To fight well, a soldier must disengage himself from all other worldly businesses so that he can stay focus on his vocation and please his commander.
2. Athlete(2:5) – An athlete cannot win the • race unless he follows the rules of the game.
3. Farmer(2:6-13) – A farmer must work hard inorder to achieve a good harvest. • Faithfulness = loyal to Christ, our commander, to follow the law of God and work hard
MAJOR THEME 2: Apostasy lovers of themselves lovers of money boastful proud abusive disobedient to their parents ungrateful unholy without love unforgiving slanderous without self-control brutal not lovers of the good treacherous rash conceited lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God
MAJOR THEME 3: Bible • Paul’s View of Scripture • a. God-Inspired/breathed(3:16; 2 Peter 1:21) • b. Useful(3:17) • - Teaching • Rebuking • Correcting • Training in righteousness • The purpose is to equip men of God against false teachings and unto good work
HARDSHIP HARDSHIP 237 SUMMARY STATEMENT Preach the Word faithfully practice
APPLICATIONS • Are you an Onesiphorus, upholding Christian confession in time of trial and persecution? What are the characteristics of faithfulness you possess? Soldier, athlete in training, hardworking farmer? • 2. Are you experiencing apostasy in your ministry? What can you do to survive? • 3. Reflect on what kind of testimony you would write at the end of your life. What words of encouragement and challenge for the next generation?
CONCLUSION • Effective Testimony • “I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith.” • 2 Timothy 4:7 Paul’s advice to Timothy is valid.
CONCLUSION 2. The Final Victory “Now there is in store for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, will award to me on that day--and not only to me, but also to all who have longed for his appearing.” 2 Timothy 4:8 With the reward ahead, the task in hand will look much lighter.