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Understanding neglect. What I need to grow up. Happy healthy children. Learning outcomes. To recognise signs and symptoms of children and young people who are, or may be, neglected. Neglected children. Neglected children are CHILDREN and YOUNG PEOPLE first

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Presentation Transcript
understanding neglect

Understanding neglect

What I need to grow up

happy healthy children
Happy healthy children

P1 Understanding neglect

learning outcomes
Learning outcomes

To recognise signs and symptoms of children and young people who are, or may be, neglected

P1 Understanding neglect

neglected children
Neglected children

Neglected children are CHILDREN and YOUNG PEOPLE first

They have the FULL range of developmental needs

However, some, or all of their needs are not being met to the extent that they are suffering, or likely to suffer, significant harm

Neglect is one of the most enduring and damaging experiences for a child or young person to endure

P1 Understanding neglect

children s wellbeing indicators
Children’s wellbeing indicators
  • Safe
  • Healthy
  • Achieving
  • Nurtured
  • Active
  • Respected
  • Responsible
  • Included

P1 Understanding neglect

neglected children1
Neglected children…

..have some of the poorest long term health and developmental outcomes

..are at high risk of accidents

..are vulnerable to sexual abuse

..are likely to have insecure attachment patterns

..are less likely than other children to:

  • develop the characteristics associated with resilience
  • or have access to wider protective factors

P1 Understanding neglect

challenges of definition
Challenges of definition

In some ways it is relatively simple to identify a child whose needs are not being met.

But ‘neglect’ as a basis for intervention is a complex phenomenon that is difficult to define.

In the face of a range of views of what constitutes adequate care, defining children’s needs and determining what constitutes neglect has been problematic.

(NSPCC 2007)

P1 Understanding neglect

definition of neglect in scotland
Definition of Neglect in Scotland

Neglect is the persistent failure to meet a child’s basic physical and/or psychological needs, likely to result in the serious impairment of the child’s health or development. It may involve a parent or carer failing to provide adequate food, shelter and clothing, to protect a child from physical harm or danger, or to ensure access to appropriate medical care or treatment. It may also include neglect of, or failure to respond to, a child’s basic emotional needs. Neglect may also result in the child being diagnosed as suffering from ‘non-organic failure to thrive’, where they have significantly failed to reach normal weight and growth or development milestones and where physical and genetic reasons have been medically eliminated. In its extreme form children can be at serious risk from the effects of malnutrition, lack of nurturing and stimulation. This can lead to serious long-term effects such as greater susceptibility to serious childhood illnesses and reduction in potential stature. With young children in particular, the consequences may be life-threatening within a relatively short period of time.

P1 Understanding neglect

children can experience different forms of neglect
Children can experience different forms of neglect

Medical neglect

Nutritional neglect

Emotional neglect

Educational neglect

Physical neglect

Lack of supervision and guidance

(Horwath 2007)

P1 Understanding neglect

some factors associated with neglect
Some factors associated with neglect

Being born prematurely

having a disability

having run away from home

being an adolescent out of an adult’s control.

P1 Understanding neglect

neglected adolescents
Neglected adolescents

An NSPCC prevalence study on child maltreatment found that 20% of young adults in the UK reported having experienced inadequate supervision as children, including being allowed out overnight without parents knowing their whereabouts as a teenager

(Cawsonet.al. 2000)

P1 Understanding neglect

neglected adolescents1
Neglected adolescents
  • UK research found that a quarter of young people who run away from home were forced to leave home by their parents
  • Young runaways, who runaway from home, more than other teenagers feel that their parents don’t care about them

(Safe on the Streets Team 1999; Rees & Siakeu 2004)

P1 Understanding neglect

effects of neglect
Effects of neglect

(adapted from Skuse 1994)

P1 Understanding neglect

why is neglect so important
Why is neglect so important?

It is bad for children’s bodies

  • foetal neglect
  • delayed growth within the womb
  • non organic failure to thrive
  • vulnerability to illness/infections/accidents
  • poor medical care.

P1 Understanding neglect

why is neglect so important1
Why is neglect so important?

It is bad for children’s learning

  • lack of exploration
  • delayed speech and language
  • impoverished play and imagination
  • special educational needs / learning disability
  • later educational failure
  • poor life skills.

P1 Understanding neglect

why is neglect so important2
Why is neglect so important?

It is bad for children’s brains

  • lack of nutrients - reduced growth
  • lack of stimulation – delayed brain development
  • unregulated stimulation - disordered neural circuitry.

Increasingly an understanding that this can result in permanent reduced functioning which has a lifelong impact on the child’s health and development

P1 Understanding neglect

why is neglect so important3
Why is neglect so important?

It is bad for children’s emotions

  • disturbed self-regulation
  • negative self identity
  • low self esteem
  • clinical depression
  • substance abuse

P1 Understanding neglect

why is neglect so important4
Why is neglect so important?

It is bad for children’s relationships

  • insecure/disorganised internal working model
  • attachment disorders
  • transmission of relationship problems to significant others, for example, peers, teachers, substitute carers, professionals.

P1 Understanding neglect

why is neglect so important5
Why is neglect so important?

It is bad for our society

  • long-term effects on adult physical and mental health and on individuals’ social and occupational adjustment;
  • financial cost of treating or incarcerating victims;
  • possible association between child neglect and future anti social and criminal behaviour;
  • intergenerational transmission of neglectful parenting for future generations.

P1 Understanding neglect

the neglected child
The neglected child

Neglect is serious.

Neglect can cause impairment of health and development and impair aspiration and achievement.

At its worst, neglect can kill.

P1 Understanding neglect