Integrating GHG Programs in an ISO 14001 EMS 33rd National Energy & Environmental Conference Loews Ventana Canyon Resort Tucson, Arizona Presented by: David R. Church Senior Associate First Environment For the benefit of business and people
SUMMARY 1 Background 2 GHG Basics 3 ISO 14001 Model & GHG
1 Integrating GHG Programs in an ISO14001 EMS BACKGROUND The Improvement Cycle... PLAN DO ACT CHECK
1 Integrating GHG Programs in an ISO14001 EMS BACKGROUND Why do companies implement Environmental Management Systems? • Business/market/regulatory drivers • Stakeholder influences • Desire to improve environmental performance • Socially responsible activity
1 Integrating GHG Programs in an ISO14001 EMS BACKGROUND Why do companies implement Greenhouse Gas programs? • Business/market/regulatory drivers • Stakeholder influences • Desire to improve environmental performance • Socially responsible activity
1 Integrating GHG Programs in an ISO14001 EMS BACKGROUND Climate Change issues and Greenhouse Gas emissions… • A global environmental issue • We all contribute to the problem • Regulated in many countries – soon in the US • Fossil fuel emissions are the largest source
2 > GHG Basics
2 Integrating GHG Programs in an ISO14001 EMS GHG Basics Current Climate Change/GHG Programs (U.S. examples only) • California Climate Action Registry Database of member reported GHG emissions Requires 3rd party verification • Chicago Climate Exchange Carbon trading based on 3rd party verified GHG emissions reductions • EPA Climate Leaders Energy efficiency
2 Integrating GHG Programs in an ISO14001 EMS GHG Basics GHG Program Basics • Records/Data management • Systems approach for: Identifying sources Determining emissions Collecting, converting, reporting data Data verification Establishing controls Reduction targets and programs
2 GHG Basics GHG Basics Kyoto Greenhouse Gases Carbon Dioxide - CO2 Methane - CH4 Nitrous Oxide – N2O Hydrofluorocarbons - HFCs Perfluorocarbons - PFCs Sulfur Hexafluoride - SF6
2 GHG Basics GHG Basics Greenhouse Gases Primary Source Categories Generation of electricity Mobile sources Stationary sources Process emissions Fugitive emissions
2 GHG Basics GHG Basics Global Warming Potential (GWP) Conversion factors to CO2 equivalent GWP (IPCC SAR) Carbon Dioxide - CO2 1 Methane - CH4 21 Nitrous Oxide – N2O 310 Hydrofluorocarbons – HFCs 8 gases up to 9,200 Perfluorocarbons – PFCs 6 gases up to 11,700 Sulfur Hexafluoride - SF6 23,900
2 GHG Basics GHG Basics Managing Greenhouse Gas emissions • Establish a baseline year • Develop effective tools for identifying, monitoring, measuring and reporting GHG emissions • EMS framework provides a good model for managing GHG through controls, records and performance improvements • 3rd party verification is critical for reporting and trading credits
3 > ISO 14001 Model & GHG
3 Integrating GHG Programs in an ISO14001 EMS ISO 14001 Model & GHG ISO 14001 • Most commonly used EMS model in the world • Over 120,000 registered companies • Continuing annual growth 25-30% • Demonstrated performance improvements • Integrates well with other management system standards
3 Integrating GHG Programs in an ISO14001 EMS ISO 14001 Model & GHG ISO 14001 • Provides excellent framework for GHG program participation • GHG emission sources should be considered as Significant Aspects because of their Significant Impact on the environment • All relevant requirements should be implemented to effectively manage GHG emissions
3 Integrating GHG Programs in an ISO14001 EMS ISO 14001 Model & GHG • ISO 14001 Major Headings • Policy (4.2) • Planning (4.3) • Implementation and Operation (4.4) • Checking & Corrective Action (4.5) • Management Review (4.6)
3 Integrating GHG Programs in an ISO14001 EMS ISO 14001 Model & GHG • Each Heading is Relevantto GHG • Policy Implications: • How does the organization view itself in relation to Climate Change/GHG issues? • Has the organization made commitments to reductions, program participation, etc.? • Communication to employees • Public availability
3 Integrating GHG Programs in an ISO14001 EMS ISO 14001 Model & GHG • Planning: • Identify GHG as an aspect and evaluate the impact for significance. • Any associated legal requirements? Other requirements? (CCX, Climate Leaders, etc.) • Set objectives for program participation - baseline, reductions, emission trading, etc. • Specific targets set • Programs established - who, what, when, how, $$?
3 Integrating GHG Programs in an ISO14001 EMS ISO 14001 Model & GHG • Implementation & Operation: • Who has responsibility and authority for GHG programs? • What training is required for employees? What competencies are needed? • Internal and external communications about GHG • Program documentation • Process controls for GHG emissions and activities • Communication with vendors & contractors • Procedures for emergencies
3 Integrating GHG Programs in an ISO14001 EMS ISO 14001 Model & GHG • Checking and Corrective Action • How are GHG emissions monitored or measured? • Monitoring progress on reduction objectives/targets • Calibration of monitoring/measurement equipment • Corrective and preventive actions associated with GHG activity, controls, etc. • Record keeping (important for trading program participation) • Internal audit program - review GHG controls, monitoring, program participation, results, etc.
3 Integrating GHG Programs in an ISO14001 EMS ISO 14001 Model & GHG • Management Review • What progress has been made? • Problems related to resources, technology, skills, etc.? • Public reporting? • Stakeholder issues? • Is the GHG program suitable, adequate, effective?
4 Integrating GHG Programs in an ISO14001 EMS Conclusions • The number of GHG programs is growing rapidly • Regulation is a foregone conclusion • ISO 14001 creates a great framework to manage GHG programs • EMS approach contains all the necessary tools and controls