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A French perspective on the role of the CAP in debates on future EU policies. Two key drivers. 3 (+ 1) challenges. Food Non food, Energy Environment Regional growth of rural areas. Constraints on supply. The food security challenge. Increase in food demand.

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a french perspective on the role of the cap in debates on future eu policies
A French perspective on the role of the CAP in debates on future EU policies

Ministère de l’Agriculture et de la Pêche1

3 1 challenges
Ministère de l’Agriculture et de la Pêche33 (+ 1) challenges
  • Food
  • Non food, Energy
  • Environment
  • Regional growth of rural areas
the food security challenge
Ministère de l’Agriculture et de la Pêche4
  • Constraints on supply
The food security challenge
  • Increase in food demand
  • Increase production is a central issue
  • Market opportunities
the non food challenge
Ministère de l’Agriculture et de la Pêche5The non food challenge
  • Fulfill the European targets on renewable energies in a sustainable way
  • Improve the energy efficiency of agriculture
  • Support non food added value for agri commodities
the environmental challenge
Ministère de l’Agriculture et de la Pêche6The environmental challenge
  • Improve current production systems
  • Keep being productive

=> We need more technology

the challenge of economic growth of rural areas
Ministère de l’Agriculture et de la Pêche7The challenge of economic growth of rural areas
  • Interaction with the chain value : geographical patterns matter
  • Less favoured areas mean too
keep an appropriate market access
Ministère de l’Agriculture et de la Pêche9Keep an appropriate market access
  • The costs of the European food model
  • The limits of competitive advantages for externalities
  • Considering non tariff issues

Agriculture is about much more than trade

think about substance not only figures
Ministère de l’Agriculture et de la Pêche10Think about substance, not only figures
  • No pre-requisite :
    • debate about what we want before deciding how much we spend.
  • Anticipate
    • Start the debate before the budget review
think about goals first
Ministère de l’Agriculture et de la Pêche11Think about goals first
  • The limits of WTO-driven policies
  • Finding the relevant tools
what sustainable supports
Ministère de l’Agriculture et de la Pêche12What sustainable supports?
  • Legitimacy
    • a fair distribution
  • taking into account the society expectations
what sustainable supports1
Ministère de l’Agriculture et de la Pêche13What sustainable supports?
  • Efficiency
    • a focused market management
  • Working out new tools to bring the desired externalities
    • For example 1st pillar supports more targeted towards environment
conclusions
Ministère de l’Agriculture et de la Pêche14Conclusions
  • We need to produce more and in a more sustainable way
    • Key challenge : find the right tools to adress food and environmental security
    • Agri food businesses are important to support rural economic growth
  • CAP policy has to adapt to address these challenges
    • We must keep a strong political commitment
    • We must secure the appropriate budget