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Behavioral Effects of Unique Perspective Taking Methods in Mildly Aggressive Situations between Strangers . Aviva Bannerman Middlebury College. 4 Response Categories. Positive Voice Loyalty Negative Exit Neglect. Aggression. Zillmann’s (1988) cognitive-excitation hypothesis

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slide1

Behavioral Effects ofUnique Perspective Taking Methodsin Mildly Aggressive Situations between Strangers

Aviva Bannerman

Middlebury College

4 response categories
4 Response Categories
  • Positive
    • Voice
    • Loyalty
  • Negative
    • Exit
    • Neglect
aggression
Aggression
  • Zillmann’s (1988) cognitive-excitation hypothesis
  • How can we inhibit aggressive responses?
perspective taking
Perspective Taking

Taking another person’s point of view

Imagine-Self

Imagine-Other

method
Method
  • Behavioral differences
  • Hypothesis
  • Participants: 87 Middlebury students
  • 3 conditions
method1
Method
  • Imagine-Self
    • Imagine how you would think, feel, and behave if you were the other person in each story
  • Imagine-Other
    • Imagine what the other person is thinking and feeling in each story
  • Control
    • Imagine how you would think, feel, and behave if something like this really happened to you
questionnaire
Questionnaire

Bumped by a Stranger

While walking down the street, a pedestrian, X,

is texting on a cell phone and bumps right into

you. Instead of apologizing, X acts like it’s your

fault. How likely are you to engage in each of the

following responses?

responses
Responses
  • Voice: I’d gently indicate that it was X who hadn’t paid attention but show it was all right
  • Loyalty: I’d let the comment pass and hope X’s anger would soon subside
  • Exit: I’d comment on X’s rudeness and keep on walking
  • Neglect: I’d ignore X and keep walking
behavioral measure
Behavioral Measure
  • “Research assistant”
  • 8-minute wait
  • Out of time
  • Survey
results questionnaire
Results - Questionnaire

Mean Response

Response Type

F(2, 83) = 2.40, p < .10

results behavioral
Results - Behavioral

Surveys Returned

Condition

X2 (2, N=81) = .22, P > .05

discussion points
Discussion Points
  • No differences between groups
  • Neglect Finding
  • Why?
    • Manipulation Check
  • Future directions
acknowledgments
Acknowledgments
  • Professor Gurland
  • Committee Members
    • Prof. Kimble
    • Prof. Campbell
  • Yuki Shinoda
  • Joanna Wood
  • Psychology Department
  • Senior Work Fund
  • Tara Panthi - Illustrations