World Health Organization (WHO). Jason A. Gonzalez BIOL 402 April 13, 2010. WHO is the global health branch of the UN. Their agenda is ambitious. The WHO’s goal is world peace through global health and security. The WHO’s major task is to combat disease, especially key infectious diseases.
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World Health Organization (WHO) Jason A. Gonzalez BIOL 402 April 13, 2010
The WHO’s major task is to combat disease, especially key infectious diseases.
The WHO agenda has six points: • Two health objectives • Two strategic needs • Two operational approaches
WHO promotes development of 3rd world and impoverished nations and increases access to health care • Equity
Epidemics Revised International Health Regulations (June 2007) WHO fosters global health security and monitors potential pandemic situations.
They seek to strengthen regional and global public health systems • Poverty-reduction strategy
WHO funds and emphasizes research to more efficiently and appropriately address global health problems. • Authoritative health information
The WHO partners and collaborates with existing organizations • International organizations • Civil society • Private sector
They continuously seeks to improve standards and performance of global health policy and administration • Ongoing reforms
General success is measured in the state of women’s health and health in Africa Is it successful?
The WHO communicates their projects, funding, and research knowledge through their publications • International Classification of Diseases (ICD) • World Health Report (annual) • Bulletin of the World Health Organization (monthly) • List of Essential Medicines • Global plan of action on worker’s health • Health Sciences Online
The WHO is not an original. • 1907-1946 (1950): The Office International d’Hygiene Publique (OIHP)
April 7, 1948: WHO • Happy World Health Day!
Smallpox (1980) Cholera Typhoid Malaria SARS HIV The WHO will kill again.
The Global Malaria Program (GMP) provides technical assistance to countries to combat malaria on a global scale.
Home Management of Malaria (HMM) • Access to anti-malarial medications • Training for community-based service providers • Education and communication • Supervision
The WHO faces some criticism for overreaching their scope with regulations. • Tobacco regulation • Sugar
The WHO has been accused of neglecting donor nations in need. • Selling viruses to independent labs to make vaccines (and patents!)
The WHO’s national health rankings may be misleading. • Rankings • Overall Attainment • US – 37 • Overall Performance • US – 14 • Financial Fairness Factor • Percentage of income spent on health care • Wider dispersion lowers score #37!
The WHO has big plans for the future • Millennium Development Goals • 8 goals to achieve by 2015
References • http://www.who.int/en/ • Lewis, Nancy. "How the World Health Organization Works." 26 August 2003. HowStuffWorks.com. <http://health.howstuffworks.com/who.htm> 01 April 2010. • MacDonald, T. H. (. H., 1933-. (2008). Health, human rights and the united nations : Inconsistent aims and inherent contradictions?. Oxford ;New York: Radcliffe Pub. Retrieved from http://search.lib.unc.edu?R=UNCb5875198 • MacDonald, T. H. (. H., 1933-. (2008). Sacrificing the WHO to the highest bidder. Oxford ;New York: Radcliffe Pub. Retrieved from http://search.lib.unc.edu?R=UNCb5878230 • http://www.who.int/hac/donorinfo/haiti_alert_17february2010.pdf • http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/reports.shtml • Burci, G. L. (2004). In Vignes C. (Ed.), World health organization. Hague, Netherlands; Frederick, MD: Kluwer Law International; Distributed in North America by Aspen. Retrieved from http://search.lib.unc.edu?R=UNCb4769624 • Whitman, G. (2008). WHO's fooling who?: The world health organization's problematic ranking of health care systems. Cato Briefing Papers, (101) • http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/publicat/ccdr-rmtc/02vol28/dr2812eb.html • http://www.scielosp.org/scielo.php?pid=S0042-96862008000300001&script=sci_arttext