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CScope - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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CScope. Key Academic Vocabulary. nonfiction. books/stories that are true and are about real things, people, events and places. Informational Text. gives information about a topic

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Key Academic Vocabulary


books/stories that are true and are about real things, people, events and places

Informational text
Informational Text

  • gives information about a topic

  • tells facts that can be looked-up or proven

  • tells about real events or real people

  • is divided into sections with headings

  • may include photos with captions, maps, diagrams and illustrations to explain the facts

Expository text
Expository Text

Expository text is nonfiction reading material. The intent of these written works is to inform or explain something to the reading audience.

Places where you can find expository text...

textbooks, encyclopedias, scientific books/journals, atlases, directions, guides, biographies, newspapers, etc…

Procedural text how to
Procedural Text –How To

  • tells how to do something

  • tells what materials are needed

  • tells steps in the correct order

Author s purpose
author’s purpose

the author’s most likely reason for writing the selection

Author s purpose1
author’s purpose

  • entertain – to amuse someone

    EX. fictional stories, comics, poems, jokes, riddles

  • inform – to give information about something; teach something

    EX. news reports, research papers,, school news letters, pamphlets from health clinics

  • persuade – to try to convince someone to think the way you do

    EX. advertisements, newspaper editorials, junk mail, posters

  • describe – to create a character, set a mood or envision a scene


  • share feelings – to tell the reader what you are thinking

    EX. journals, diaries, letters

hot and arid

Text structure
text structure

  • descriptive – tells about something

  • sequence– series or steps, items or events in numerical or chronological order

  • problem/solution – problem attempted solutions, results; question and answer format

  • compare/contrast– similarities and differences between two or more things

  • cause/effect – reasons why something happens or exists

Text features
text features

features in text to help locate information

(title, table of contents, illustrations, photographs, bold text, italicized texts, charts, graphs)




  • is a true story of a person’s life, written by another person

  • usually tells events in time order


  • is a true story of a person’s life, written by that person (also known as a memoir)

  • usually tells events in time order


an account of one’s personal life and experiences


A topicis a word or phrase that tells what the author is writing about in a paragraph.

The topic of a passage is a word or phrase that labels the subject but does not reveal the specific contents of the passage.

Main idea
main idea

  • Every story or paragraph has a main idea.

  • The main idea tells you what the story is about.

  • The main idea maybe the lesson learned or moral of a story.

  • The main idea is the most important part of a story or paragraph.

Supporting details
supporting details

  • The supporting details are the things that describe the main idea.

  • The supporting details make the main idea stronger.


A FACT can be proven to be true.


contains value language--

An OPINION is what someone believes -it cannot be proven true or false.

Example: good, difficult, easy, beautiful, should, etc…


to reduce large sections of text to their essential points and main ideas


a vocabulary exercise in which an association between a concept and its attribute is present

Example: hot:cold as north:_______