Jeopardy Review Game 3.2 New England Colonies Created by: Mrs. Cady
New England Economy What’s the date comparisons Why did that Happen? New England People $1 $1 $1 $1 $1 $2 $2 $2 $2 $2 $3 $3 $3 $3 $3 $4 $4 $4 $4 $4 $5 $5 $5 $5 $5
2 examples of skilled craftpeople who worked in the New England colonies
These people gained most of the power and wealth in a New England economy.
Young boys could work as __________________, helping craftspeople with simple tasks.
Put these events in order:- Thomas Hooker leaves Massachusetts for Connecticut- Roger Williams leaves Massachusetts for Rhode Island- Anne Hutchinson leaves Massachusetts for Rhode Island
1636: Thomas Hooker leaves Massachusetts for Connecticut1637: Anne Hutchinson leaves Massachusetts for Rhode Island1644: Roger Williams leaves Massachusetts for Rhode Island
Put these events in order:- Massachusetts Bay Colony founded- Salem witch trials happen in Salem, Massachusetts- Plymouth Colony founded- Thomas Hooker writes Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
1620- Plymouth Colony founded 1628- Massachusetts Bay Colony founded1639- Thomas Hooker writes Fundamental Orders of Connecticut1690s- Salem witch trials happen in Salem, Massachusetts
Pilgrims (reform church)Separatist group who left England in the early 1600s to escape persecution. They went to the calm and tolerant Netherlands in 1608. They were worried about losing their cultural identity in Netherlands, so they made an arrangement with English investors to establish a new colony in North America (2nd successful English settlement—Plymouth, Massachusetts.)Puritans (separate from church)Protestant group who wanted to purify, or reform the Anglican Church. They were blocked from changing the system of the church within England, so they preached in other countries (Netherlands, Ireland, Whales). They came to New England in 1620s as a part of the Great Migration.
The Puritans set up the general court, an attempt at self-government. Each town had a general court. Politics and religion were closely linked. Government leaders were also church members and had a lot of power. Individuals had to pass a public test to prove their faithfulness and become “God’s elect” before they were allowed to vote or hold a public office.
Women in England had few rights—they could not allowed to make contracts, sue or own property.Women in NEW England—more rights, took part in business, made contracts, could sue and widows could own property.
Higher education- colleges formed to educate ministers (Harvard created in 1636)Public education- required in Massachusetts for every township of 50 families. Children learned to read the Bible.
Natives attacked colonists less in New England than they did in Virginia. Indians like Squanto and Samoset helped colonists in New England plant crops like corn.
1620s-1640s: The movement of English settlers to the Americas (primarily Puritans to Massachusetts). They came in family groups to escape religious persecution. It was called the Great Migration because the people that moved were not just male, but well-educated families moved. This lead to prosperous lives and a large increase in birthrate.
Hutchinson was a Puritan leader who angered other Puritans by claiming that people’s relationship with God did not need guidance from ministers. She was banished from Massachusetts Bay Colony and shelater established Portsmouth in Rhode Island.
Hooker was a preacher who disagreed with many political issues in Massachusetts (mainly voting). He took some of his followers from MA and established Connecticut Colony. He wrote the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, which was their constitution. It was more democratic than the laws in Massachusetts and our modern government is modeled after his ideas.
New England colonies had more success in the beginning than the Southern Colonies
They brought families with them instead of just men.The climate was better and fewer people got sick.They were educated.They had less resistance from natives.
Williams was an English Protestant ministerwho was an advocate for religious freedom and the separation of church and state. The Massachusetts court declared that he was spreading “diverse, new, and dangerous opinions” and banished him from the colony. In 1636, he started the colony of Providence Plantation, refuge for religious minorities; started first Baptist Church.
Had the first Thanksgiving with local Wampanoag Indians in celebration of friendship and harvest.
Disagreed with the leadership in the Massachusetts Bay Colony calling for a separate church from the government. Also called the "father of democracy"
Created the colony of Providence because he disagreed with how the Massachusetts Bay Colony was treating the Native Americans and the close relationship between the courts and the church desiring a separation of church and state