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Unit Five. Grade Seven. 1. anecdote (n) a short account of an incident in someone’s life syn : tale, story, sketch, vignette, yarn Ex. Many anecdotes relate a humorous incident in someone’s life. 2. consolidate (v) to combine, unite; to make solid or firm syn : strengthen, firm up, merge

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unit five

Unit Five

Grade Seven

slide2

1. anecdote (n) a short account of an incident in someone’s life

syn: tale, story, sketch, vignette, yarn

Ex. Many anecdotes relate a humorous incident in someone’s life.

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2. consolidate (v) to combine, unite; to make solid or firm

syn: strengthen, firm up, merge

ant: scatter, disperse, dissipate, separate

Ex. The two companies consolidated to give themselves stronger buying power.

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3. counterfeit (n) an imitation designed to deceive

(adj) not genuine, fake

(v) to make an illegal copy

syn: (adj) false, phony, bogus

ant: (adj) genuine, real, authentic

Ex. The cubic zirconia is a counterfeit. It appears as a diamond but is not genuine.

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4. docile (adj) easily taught, led, or managed; obedient

syn: manageable, teachable, pliant

ant: unruly, wayward, intractable, disobedient

Ex. The once wayward puppy was very intelligent and soon became a docile pet in the home.

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5. dominate (v) to rule over by strength or power, control; to tower over, command due to height

syn: control, govern, overlook

Ex. The Steeler’s defense dominated the Brown’s offensive line and continually sacked their quarterback.

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6. entreat (v) to beg, implore, ask earnestly

syn: plead, beseech

ant: clamor for

Ex. The animal in the shelter seemed to entreat me to rescue it.

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7. fallible (adj) capable of being wrong, mistaken, or inaccurate

syn: imperfect, errant

ant: foolproof, unfailing, flawless

Ex. Humans are fallible creatures.

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8. fickle (adj) liable to change very rapidly; erratic; marked by a lack of constancy or steadiness, inconsistent

syn: capricious, inconstant, faithless

ant: constant, steady, invariable

Ex. The boy was fickle and changed girlfriends as often as he changed socks.

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9. fugitive (n) one who flees or runs away

(adj) fleeting, lasting a very short time; wandering, difficult to grasp

syn: (n) runaway, deserter (adj) elusive

ant: (adj) lasting, enduring, permanent

Ex. The fugitive dog once again broke its chain.

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10. grimy (adj) very dirty; covered with dirt or soot

syn: filthy, sooty, soiled, dirt- encrusted

ant: spotless, spic-and-span, immaculate

Ex. The toddlers played in the mud and became instantly grimy.

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11. iota (n)a very small part or quantity

syn: speck, dab, jot, bit, smidgen

ant: flood, deluge, avalanche, glut

Ex. There was not even an iota of paint left, so the artist resorted to markers to finish the project.

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12. maul (v) to beat or knock about, handle roughly; to mangle

(n) a heavy hammer

syn: (v) rough up, manhandle, batter

Ex. The defenseless dog was mauled by the wild coyotes.

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13. potential (adj) possible, able to happen

(n) something that can develop and become a reality

syn: (n) possibility, capability

ant: (adj) actual, real, unlikely, impossible

Ex. The potential of the student was obvious; her vocabulary indicated she was quite intelligent.

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14. radiant (adj) shining, bright; giving forth light or energy

syn: glowing, brilliant, dazzling, resplendent

ant: dull, tarnished, lackluster

Ex. The girl’s radiant personality infected everyone else with energy.

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15. rural (adj) relating to farm areas and life in the country

syn: countrified, rustic

ant: urban, metropolitan, citified

Ex. Lancaster, PA is home to many Pennsylvania Amish who raise livestock and grow vegetables in this rural location.

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16. substantial (adj) large, important; major, significant, prosperous; not imaginary, material

syn: considerable, tangible, big

ant: minor, insignificant, negligible

Ex. The win was substantial since it catapulted the team into the playoffs.

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17. tactful (adj) skilled in handling difficult situations or people; polite

syn: skillful, diplomatic, discreet

ant: clumsy, gauche, boorish, indiscreet

Ex. Even though the boy thought the girl’s new hairdo was horrid, he was tactful so as to not hurt her feelings.

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18. tamper (v) to interfere with; to meddle rashly or foolishly with; to handle in a secret and improper way

syn: monkey with, fool with, mess with

Ex. Tampering with the computer’s wires could cause it to malfunction.

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19. ultimate (adj) last, final; most important or extreme; eventual; basic, fundamental

syn: farthest, furthest, terminal

ant: first, initial, most immediate, nearest

Ex. The ultimate goal was to win the playoffs.

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20. uncertainty (n) doubt, the state of being unsure

syn: doubtfulness, hesitation

ant: sureness, certainty, confidence

Ex. Since he hadn’t studied for the test, he felt uncertainty about most of his answers.