Unit Five. Absolutism, Age of Enlightenment, & Revolutions. Standards – Absolutism & Revolution. SSWH14 The student will analyze the Age of Revolutions and Rebellions. Examine absolutism through a comparison of the rules of Louis XIV, Tsar Peter the Great, and Tokugawa Ieyasu .
Absolutism, Age of Enlightenment, & Revolutions
SSWH14 The student will analyze the Age of Revolutions and Rebellions.
Examine absolutism through a comparison of the rules of Louis XIV, Tsar Peter the Great, and Tokugawa Ieyasu.
Identify the causes and results of the revolutions in England (1689), United States (1776), France (1789), Haiti (1791), and Latin America (1808-1825).
Explain Napoleon’s rise to power, the role of geography in his defeat, and the consequences of France’s defeat for Europe
Examine the interaction of China and Japan with westerners; include the Opium War, the Taiping Rebellion, and Commodore Perry.
SSWH11 Students will investigate political and social changes in Japan and in China from the seventeenth century CE to mid-nineteenth century CE.
Describe the policies of the Tokugawa and Qing rules; include how Oda Nobunaga laid the ground work for the subsequent Tokugawa rulers and how Kangxi came to rule for such a long period in China.
Analyze the impact of population growth and its impact on the social structure of Japan and China.
SSWH13 The student will examine the intellectual, political, social, and economic factors that changed the world view of Europeans.
a. Explain the scientific contributions of Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler, and Newton and how these ideas changed the European world view.
b. Identify the major ideas of the Enlightenment from the writings of Locke, Voltaire, and Rousseau and their relationship to politics and society.
Be sure to have a textbook
Pick up a half sheet reading from the chair – do not write on it – read it and be ready for discussion.
How to do vocabulary this unit
What does divine mean?
What is a monarchy?
What gave kings that “right to rule” over people? Would we follow this model in the U.S.?
The state of monarchy is the supremest thing upon earth; for kings are not only God’s lieutenants upon earth, and sit upon God’s throne, but even by God Himself they are called gods... Kings justly gods, for they exercise a... divine power upon earth... God hath power to create or destroy, make or unmake at His pleasure, to give life or sent death to judge and to be judged nor accountable to none, to raise low things and to make high things low at His pleasure... And the like power of kings...
-King James IV/I of Britain, 160
What is divine right?
What is an absolute monarchy? Age of Absolutism
How is this different from a democracy?
Absolutism Activity with Notes
Peter the Great
Absolutism is when a single individual rules with complete power over their subjects. Typically they control your private and public life
Laws are made without the consent of the governed purpose is to centralize their power
Rule by divine right was used by absolute monarchs in the 16th and 17th centuries to maintain control over the people. This is the belief that the monarch is God’s representative on earth. They receive their authority from God. If you challenge the monarchy, you are challenging God. When you challenge the King that is treason.
Ruler of France – “I am the State” – “Sun King” 1643-1715
Social: Weakened the authority of the noble class and gave that authority to intendants (government workers – not from a noble class), use of army to put down internal and external opponents
Political: Initiated wars to expand empire and increase wealth
Innovations: Palace of Versailles, dams & irrigation, self-glorification through art – ballet & opera
Culture: ended Protestant freedoms with the Edict of Nantes
Economic: Heavy taxation to fund projects and wars, make France self-sufficient (mercantilism) colonies
Czar of Russia – 1682 – 1725
Social: nobility class (boyars) must embrace westernization, large use of peasant labor to build cities
Political: Tension with Church, taxation, First Czar out of Russia
Innovations: St. Petersburg – Window to the West, Grand Embassy
Culture: Westernization (dress and appearance), took control of the Orthodox Church
Economic: heavy taxation for large building projects (St. Petersburg)
Peter the Great - Discovery
Find 3 general similarities and 3 general differences between these absolute monarchs.
Comparing Louis and Peter
Compare and Contrast – Louis v. Peter
Absolutism DBQ is due on Thursday
DBQ Activity is due on Friday
Reading Analysis #1 is due on Thursday
Absolutism in the East
“Here a new city shall be wrought [built]…
Shall break a window to the West…
Here flags of foreign nations all
By waters new to them will call…”
What is being described in this quote?
Yesterday we discussed Louis XIV & Peter the Great. Would you argue that they were an effective monarch? Why or why not?
On your worksheet complete the front for Louis and Peter (This should be review).
Warring States Period (1467-1568)
Oda Nobunaga (1568-1582)
Tokugawa Ieyasu (1600-1616) BUT his family ruled Japan until 1867 Tokugawa Shogunate
largest donjon (tower) in Japan
Daimyo were forced to help pay for this project
All surrounding hills were leveled and the bay was filled in!
Daimyo sent 3,000 ships for years to get enough large stone for Ieyasu
Ming embraced exploration and contact with the Europeans/Africans/other Asians
Qing seized power in China in 1644.
Kangxi was their first emperor (1661-1722)
Qian-long (grandson) ruled from (1736-1795)
Brought restoration through strict boundaries in country
Patron of the Arts & learning culture flourished
Religious FREEDOM! – Jesuits and Confucianism allowed
Originally allowed Christian merchants and missionaries (new products brought in and out of country) but soon isolated China – no desire for trade with European countries – Dutch were allowed to stay but had to pay a tribute China wanted to be self-sufficient.
Successfully invades Korea
Women lacked freedoms
(better to have strict dictator than chaos and war)
How were western policies similar and different from eastern policies during the Age of Absolutism?
Review Absolutism and Scientific Revolution
In the mid-1500’s scientists began to question accepted beliefs and make new theories based on experimentation
Such questioning led to the development of the scientific method still in use today.
I, Galileo…Florentine, aged seventy years, …kneeling before you,…swear that I have always believed, do believe, and by God's help will in the future believe, all that is held, preached, and taught by the Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church…I must altogether abandon the false opinion that the sun is the center of the world and immovable, and that the earth is not the center of the world, and moves, and that I must not hold, defend, or teach in any way whatsoever, verbally or in writing, the said false doctrine…I wrote and printed a book in which I discuss this new doctrine already condemned,…I have been pronounced by the Holy Office to be vehemently suspected of heresy, that is to say, of having held and believed that the Sun is the center of the world and immovable, and that the earth is not the center and moves: …with sincere heart and unfeigned faith I abjure, curse, and detest the aforesaid errors and heresies, and generally every other error, heresy, and sect whatsoever contrary to the said Holy Church, and I swear that in the future I will never again say or assert, verbally or in writing, anything that might furnish occasion for a similar suspicion regarding me…”
What was the difference between the helio – and geo – centric theories?
Who had the authority in science prior to the Scientific Revolution?
What was the importance/significance of the Scientific Revolution?
Why did Copernicus not publish his findings until after his death?
Name 3 new ideas and findings by Galileo.
How did Kepler confirm the theories of Copernicus and Galileo?
How was Newton the “capstone” of the Scientific Revolution?
What am I Thinking? Activity
CNN Student News – UN Day!
Reminder – Analytical Reading #1 Due tomorrow on Edmodo
POP Quiz – Pick up scantron
Quiz in 3 minutes – Study your notes from absolutism and Scientific Revolution
Hippocampus Video – What was the Age of Reason/Enlightenment?
Stations with chart
One tweet for each thinker – must include 1 hash tag - #
CNN Student News
Enlightenment Thinkers and Impact Revolutions
Pick up your scantron and review the questions you missed. Ask questions – neighbors and me.
Analytical Readings were graded yesterday and grades were entered – The assignments for the most part were complete (as in answering all of the questions) however, I feel that more detail can be included in the main idea bullet points. Also, formal grammar and spelling is required on any assignment turned in.
Project grades were entered as well. If you have a question about your grade please let me know at the end of class (during announcements)
Class average – 80%
#3 – Mita was a labor tribute required by the Incan government – used for government construction of buildings and public works (roads).
#8 – A major result of the European conquest of LA was the diffusion of the Spanish language.
#11- Bartolomeu Dias captained the first ship to sail around the Cape of Good Hope.
#19 – Samuel de Champlain explored the Great Lakes regions and modern day Quebec.
#26 – Dias sailed for Portugal.
#27 – Columbus sailed for SPAIN.
#32 – Pizzaro sailed for Spain.
#33 – slavery and disease
#34 – If African slaves already had small pox they were immune and would not get them again and risk perishing.
#35 – knowledge of agriculture, slave trade was already in existence between Africa, Europe, and Asia, immune to Old World diseases, did not know they “new” world
Troubling times followed Elizabeth’s reign in England in the 17th century.
The House of Stuart reigned with unsuccessful actions.
Using the first two pages in your packet, complete questions #1-6.
During this time in England, colonies were successfully being settled in the New World – original 13 colonies.
The Hanoverians will take the throne next setting the stage for new conflicts through oversea expansion.
Complete English and American Revolution Essentials.
Let’s rewrite the English Bill of Rights.
1. That the pretended power of suspending laws, or the execution of laws, by regal authority, without consent of parliament is illegal.
4. That levying money for or to the use of the crown by pretense of prerogative, without grant of parliament, for longer time or in other manner than the same is or shall be granted, is illegal.
5. That it is the right of the subjects to petition the king, and all commitments and prosecutions for such petitioning are illegal.
6. That the raising or keeping a standing army within the kingdom in time of peace, unless it be with consent of parliament, is against law.
7. That the subjects which are Protestants may have arms for their defense suitable to their conditions, and as allowed by law.
8. That election of members of parliament ought to be free.
9. That the freedom of speech, and debates or proceedings in parliament, ought not to be impeached or questioned in any court or place out of parliament.
10. That excessive bail ought not to be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
13. And that for redress of all grievances, and for the amending, strengthening, and preserving of the laws, parliament ought to be held frequently.
The concept of a revolution rocked the world of monarchies and created new forms of government for the world to follow.
What other revolutions in modern history can we relate to the age of revolutions in the 18th century?
How do revolutions impact social structure?
Prior to leaving here today you must be able to understand the relationship between the following: Absolutism Enlightenment Revolutions
Pick up your packet.
Answer # 1-6 on pg. 2 (answers only)
Using pg. 3 complete the chart below:
Read and discuss French Revolution in Packet
French Revolution & Napoleon
1. The quote above is the colonial response to the passage of the Stamp Act. The Stamp Act required individuals to pay an additional tax on any printed good (newspapers, paper to write letters on, playing cards, etc). How do the colonists respond to this tax?
2. The political cartoon to the right illustrates the _________________ because __________________.
Finish video – French Revolution
Napoleon and Latin American Revolutions
Napoleon Notes with graphic organizer
Latin American Revolutions Reading and Bubble Map
Vocabulary Assignment … questions – Due Monday
Hand in your packet.
Ask questions if you need clarification on topics.
Short Answer section
Vocabulary #5 due MONDAY