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Road Pricing The Dutch Approach. Ministry of Transport, Water Management and Public Works Directorate-General Rijkswaterstaat Transport Research Centre Leo van den Berg Senior Consultant. Road Pricing - The Dutch Approach Index. History MobiMiles - Reference model

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Road pricing the dutch approach l.jpg

Road PricingThe Dutch Approach

Ministry of Transport, Water Management and Public Works

Directorate-General Rijkswaterstaat

Transport Research Centre

Leo van den Berg

Senior Consultant


Road pricing the dutch approach index l.jpg
Road Pricing-The Dutch ApproachIndex

  • History

  • MobiMiles - Reference model

  • MobiMiles - Implementation

  • MobiMiles - Organisation

  • MobiMiles - Status

  • Conclusion


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Road Pricing-The Dutch ApproachIndex

  • History

  • MobiMiles - Reference model

  • MobiMiles - Implementation

  • MobiMiles - Organisation

  • MobiMiles - Status

  • Conclusion


Road pricing the dutch approach history context l.jpg
Road Pricing-The Dutch ApproachHistory-Context

  • More than 8 million motor vehicles (6,5 million private cars)

  • Vehicle growth > 4%

  • 1 car per 2 inhabitants

  • Speeds during rush-hour

    < 60 km/hour

    Between 60 and 80

    > 80 km/hour


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Road Pricing-The Dutch ApproachHistory-Context

Demand

Management

Traffic Flow

Control

Pre-trip

Choice

On-trip

Choice

Traffic

Monitoring

Travel

Demand

Traffic

Information

Travel

Information


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Road Pricing-The Dutch ApproachHistory-Investigation

  • Research focused on fully automatic ¨Toll driving¨ with free flowing traffic. This means toll gates and:

    • DSRC (vehicle roadside communication)

    • On-board unit

    • Smart card ¨on the spot¨ payment

    • Fully automatic enforcement

    • Error: < 1 * 10-6

  • Technology driven project. Other issues (legislation, economic effects, policy issues, social impact etc.) were left out.


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Road Pricing-The Dutch ApproachHistory-Field trials

  • Based on a basic specification a Request for Proposal was commissioned. Test should give answers for:

    • Detection of the vehicle

    • Localization of the vehicle

    • Automatic financial transaction

    • Digital picture

      Result: Road Pricing was feasible but new technology was needed.

      But how to cope with decreasing social acceptance of toll driving?


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Road Pricing-The Dutch ApproachMobiMiles

  • Existing project was expensive and based on the traditional Design and Build of the Ministry.

  • The popularity for alternative forms of payment increased: variable kilometre charging, a fairer form of charging depending on time and location.

  • The Minister requested short term ¨technology scouting¨ for kilometre charging

    • How should we implement it?

    • With what technology?

    • How can we have a short term field trial?

      MobiMiles concept was launched!


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Road Pricing-The Dutch ApproachIndex

  • History

  • MobiMiles - Reference model

  • MobiMiles - Implementation

  • MobiMiles - Organisation

  • MobiMiles - Status

  • Conclusion


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Road Pricing-The Dutch ApproachMobiMiles – Model requirements

  • Mobimiles must variabilise and differentiate the costs of road use.

  • Mobimiles must comply with the most stringent privacy requirements and expectations.

  • Mobimiles must be reliable and enforceable

  • Mobimiles must establish a link between demand for and availability of the road infrastructure.

  • Mobimiles must be introduced in a manner attractive to the user.

  • Mobimiles must be based on a solid architecture.


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Road Pricing-The Dutch ApproachMobiMiles – Reference model

Network

Region

Services

Road type

Information

Network

Location

Services

Trusted

Wallet

Network

Payment

Services

Account

Position

Information

Status

Request

Network

Verification

Services


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Road Pricing-The Dutch ApproachMobiMiles – Reference model

  • The reference model has 5 main components:

    • Cost calculation (Trusted Wallet)

    • Charge distribution (Network Region Services)

    • Location determination of the vehicle (Network Location Services)

    • Payment (Network Payment Services)

    • Enforcement (Network Verification Services)


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Road Pricing-The Dutch ApproachIndex

  • History

  • MobiMiles - Reference model

  • MobiMiles - Implementation

  • MobiMiles - Organisation

  • MobiMiles - Status

  • Conclusion


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Road Pricing-The Dutch ApproachMobiMiles – Implementation Cost calculation

  • Trusted Wallet takes care of:

    • Adding and deducting the MobiMiles

    • Storage function

    • Identification (user to MobiMiles)

    • Monitoring integrity

  • Trusted Wallet could be:

    • Chipknip (existing bankcard)

    • SIM card (as used in mobile phone)

    • New chipcard (such as the mobility pass)


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Road Pricing-The Dutch ApproachMobiMiles – Implementation Charge distribution

  • Road network broken down in road sections

  • Every section has its own charge code

  • Each charge code implies a cost level

  • Charge code can change over time

  • Some sections could have a ¨negative¨ charge code: The user ¨earns¨ points.


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Road Pricing-The Dutch ApproachMobiMiles – Implementation Charge distribution

06:00

07:00

08:00


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Road Pricing-The Dutch ApproachMobiMiles – Implementation Enforcement

  • System must be highly fraud resistance!

    • How to detect falsification of data

    • How to detect evasion

  • The greater the profit from participating in the system, the less will be the urge to act fraudulently!

  • Random unexpected interaction with the system is needed to detect fraud!

    ¨Digital enforcement¨


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Road Pricing-The Dutch ApproachMobiMiles – Implementation Enforcement


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Road Pricing-The Dutch ApproachMobiMiles – Scenario 1

SMARTCARD

Road type

Information

GPS module

SIM CARD

SMARTCARD

Account

Position

Information

Status

Request

DSRC


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Road Pricing-The Dutch ApproachMobiMiles – Scenario 2

GSM/

GPRS/

UMTS

Road type

Information

GPS module

SIM CARD

GSM/

GPRS/

UMTS

Account

Position

Information

Status

Request

DSRC


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Road Pricing-The Dutch ApproachIndex

  • History

  • MobiMiles - Reference model

  • MobiMiles - Implementation

  • MobiMiles - Organisation

  • MobiMiles - Status

  • Conclusion


Road pricing the dutch approach movimiles organisation l.jpg

Tax

Office

Service

providers

Service

providers

Service

providers

Service

providers

Service

providers

Service

requester

Road Pricing-The Dutch ApproachMoviMiles – Organisation

Service

operator


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Road Pricing-The Dutch ApproachMoviMiles – Organisation B2C Services

  • Business to Customer

    • Travel and Traffic information

    • Ticket reservation

    • Tourist information

    • Parking information and reservation

    • Internet

    • Gaming

    • Etc.


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Road Pricing-The Dutch ApproachIndex

  • History

  • MobiMiles - Reference model

  • MobiMiles - Implementation

  • MobiMiles - Organisation

  • MobiMiles - Status

  • Conclusion


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Road Pricing-The Dutch ApproachMoviMiles – Status

  • Completely changed political climate in the Netherlands

    • Increase of ¨service level¨ of existing infrastructure (improve public transport, more new roads)

    • No implementation of MobiMiles in this governmental period.


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Road Pricing-The Dutch ApproachIndex

  • History

  • MobiMiles - Reference model

  • MobiMiles - Implementation

  • MobiMiles - Organisation

  • MobiMiles - Status

  • Conclusion


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Road Pricing-The Dutch ApproachConclusion

  • MobiMiles is a new and innovative approach to solve traffic problems in the Netherlands

  • Mobility pricing depends on time and location

  • It can be build from ¨Custom off-the-shelf¨ products

  • By using an open architecture, extra (customer) services can be added


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Road Pricing-The Dutch ApproachConclusion

Questions?


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