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Quality Management Systems Chapter 14. Kevin Siefert Solomon Nathi Harshavardhan Vennapusa. ISO 9000: The International Standard for Quality Management Systems - Objective. A set of procedures and policies for international quality certification of suppliers. ISO 9000 relates to QMS by:

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Quality management systems chapter 14
Quality Management SystemsChapter 14

  • Kevin Siefert

  • Solomon Nathi

  • Harshavardhan Vennapusa

Iso 9000 the international standard for quality management systems objective
ISO 9000: The International Standard for Quality Management Systems - Objective

A set of procedures and policies for international quality certification of suppliers. ISO 9000 relates to QMS by:

  • Improve customer satisfaction by fulfilling customer requirements.

  • Achieve continual improvement of organizational performance and competitiveness.

Iso 9000 the international standard for quality management systems objective cont
ISO 9000: The International Standard for Quality Management Systems - Objective: Cont.

  • Continually improve its processes, products, and services.

  • Comply with regulatory requirements.

    The original objective of ISO 9000 was to ensure that the product or services provided by registered organizations were consistently fit for their intended uses. Management

    achieved this by featuring the following principles.

The eight principles iso 9000 s basis
The Eight Principles: Systems - Objective: Cont.ISO 9000’s Basis

  • Customer Focus

  • Leadership

  • Involvement of People

  • Process Approach

  • Systems Approach to Management

  • Continual Improvement

  • Factual Approach to Decision Making

  • Mutually Beneficial Supplier Relationships

Iso 9000 2000 quality management systems fundamentals and vocabulary
ISO 9000: 2000 Systems - Objective: Cont.Quality Management Systems – Fundamentals and Vocabulary

  • Defines fundamental terms and definitions used in the ISO family.

Iso 9001 2000 quality management systems requirements
ISO 9001: 2000 Systems - Objective: Cont.Quality Management Systems Requirements

  • Standard to assess ability to achieve customer service.

Iso 9004 2000 quality management systems guidelines for performance improvements
ISO 9004: 2000 Systems - Objective: Cont.Quality Management Systems – Guidelines for Performance Improvements

  • Guidelines to a company for continual improvements of its quality-management system.

Application of iso 9000 to organizations
Application of ISO 9000 to Organizations Systems - Objective: Cont.

No organization is required to use ISO 9000, but some customers may insist on registration. ISO 9001: 2000 sets the standards for Quality Management Systems conformity, but not how to implement it. An organization determines how to attain the requirements and if seeking registration must hire an accredited registrar firm to verify its conformance to ISO 9001: 2000.

Application of iso 9000 to organizations once registered
Application of ISO 9000 to Organizations Once Registered Systems - Objective: Cont.

  • Apply its QMS to its operations according to the standard and exactly as the QMS states.

  • Continually assess the effectiveness of the QMS and make changes to improve it.

  • Conduct periodic internal QMS audits.

  • Submit to external (third party) surveillance audits at least annually by its registrar.

  • Submit to a new registration audit every third year by registrar.

Deming wheel pdca cycle
Deming Wheel: PDCA Cycle Systems - Objective: Cont.


4. ACT

Institutionalize Improvement; continue cycle

1. Plan


problem and

develop plan for


3. Study/Check

Assess plan; is it working

2. Do

Implement plan on a test basis

Iso 9000 quality management system definition
ISO 9000 Quality Management System: Definition Systems - Objective: Cont.

As stated in the ISO 9000: 2000’s guidelines a Quality Management System is a management system to direct and control an organization with regard to quality.

Quality management system s documentation
Quality Management System’s Documentation Systems - Objective: Cont.

  • A quality policy – This statement describes how the organization approaches quality.

  • The quality manual – This addresses each clause of the ISO 9001 standard. Also must demonstrate management responsibility for the operation of the quality system.

  • Quality objectives – The goals and the quality policy must be in agreement. Objectives are assigned to relevant functions and are supervised by to management.

Quality management system s documentation cont
Quality Management System’s Documentation: Cont. Systems - Objective: Cont.

  • Quality Procedures – The procedures are a step by step description of what the company is required to meet the quality policy. Quality procedures can be part of the quality manual or reference in the manual.

  • Forms, records, ect. – These are the proof of activities required for the firm and the auditors to remain certified.

Authority for certification or registration
Authority for Certification or Registration Systems - Objective: Cont.

  • Once a organization aspires to be registered, they hire a registrar firm. This is usually a private company.

  • These certification bodies are accredited by a accreditation body.

  • Another level of the ISO conformity assessment is the Accreditation Forum composed of accreditation bodies, industry representatives, and other stakeholders.

  • IFA is authorized from Article 6 of the World Trade Organization’s 1994 Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade.

Iso 9000 registration statistics
ISO 9000 Registration Statistics Systems - Objective: Cont.

  • ISO 9000 is becoming what it claims to be, ‘the international standard for managing quality’

  • According to the ISO’s worldwide survey of ISO 9001 certificates, as per December 2008, “more than a million organizations in 179 countries had registered to ISO 9001”

Iso 9000 registration worldwide
ISO 9000 registration worldwide Systems - Objective: Cont.

The top 10 countries for iso 9001 2000 certificates
The top 10 countries for ISO 9001:2000 certificates Systems - Objective: Cont.

1. China 180,107

2. Italy 117,437

3. Japan 89,375

4. Spain 63,883

5. Germany 51,568

6. United States 49,820

7. India 45,473

8. United kingdom 45,409

9. France 23,697

10.Netherlands 21,003

China – the growing industrial super power:- Systems - Objective: Cont.

  • The growth of ISO organizations in China ,compared to the other countries with major economies like US, UK, Germany, and Japan is quite larger.

  • Chinese organizations hold nearly as many ISO 9001 certificates as those in the US, Germany and Japan.

  • Clearly, it shows that ISO9001 is the model selected by China to elevate the world’s perception of Chinese goods.

Recognized by Service sector:- Systems - Objective: Cont.

  • few of years back ISO 9000 was widely considered to be applicable only to manufacturing sector.

  • But, eventually considering that any service can be evaluated for suitability, effectiveness, performance and quality the service sector recognized the benefits of ISO 9000.

Steps of registration
Steps of registration:- organizations are from the service sector.

  • The organization that wants a conforming ISO 9000 QMS must go through the following steps,

  • Develop a quality manual.

  • Documentation.

  • Management’s commitment to QMS.

  • Customer requirements.

  • Hire an accredited registrar company.

6. Registered or not, must conduct internal audits. organizations are from the service sector.

7. Periodic audits.

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KP1bAsjI6eI&NR=1

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zzT-l7sdLtI&feature=related

Benefits of iso 9000
Benefits of ISO 9000 organizations are from the service sector.

  • Improved consistency of service and product performance: Guidelines provided by the standards establish a consistent approach to policy documentation. Controls are set forth in the standards in the areas of document control, 

  • Enhances customer responsiveness:  ISO registration assists a company in developing and maintaining a competitive advantage over non-registered competitors.

  • Encourages continual improvement: organizations are from the service sector. The ISO series standards ensure this, by providing not only for the initial registration auditing, but on-going surveillance audits

  • Acceptance of the system as a standard for ensuring quality in a global market

The origins of iso 9000
The origins of ISO 9000: organizations are from the service sector.

  • Originally developed in response to the need to harmonize dozens of national and international quality standards existing throughout the world.

  • A world wide federation of national standard organizations from more than 158 nations, formed Technical committee to develop ISO 9000.

Comparative scope of iso 9000 and tqm
Comparative Scope of ISO 9000 and TQM: institute(ANSI).

  • ISO 9000 Are not interchangeable.

  • ISO 000 is compatible with, and can be viewed as subset of, TQM.

  • ISO 9000 can improve operations in a Traditional Environment.

  • ISO 9000 and TQM are not in competition.

Iso 9000 and tqm are not interchangeable
ISO 9000 and TQM Are not interchangeable. institute(ANSI).

  • ISO is concerned with QMS for design, development, purchasing, production, installations and servicing of products and services

  • TQM is concerned with every aspect of the organization which include support systems like human resources, finance and marketing. TQM also means that org is responsible for developing the vision, establishing guiding principles and setting a strategy and tactics in achieving the vision.

Primary difference between iso 9000 and tqm
Primary difference between ISO 9000 and TQM institute(ANSI).

  • The degree to which the total organization is involved

  • TQM requires involvement of all functions and levels of org is involved.

  • ISO 9000 does not require the QMS to include functions and levels that play only indirect roles in the management and execution of product or service.

Iso 9000 is compatible with and can be viewed as a subset of tqm
ISO 9000 is compatible with and can be viewed as a subset of TQM:

  • ISO 9000 and TQM are not quite the same. But ISO can be viewed as a part of larger TQM environment.

  • There are many organizations that have successfully included ISO as part of a larger total quality effort and it is simple to follow ISO 9000 for the organizations that are already at some level of TQM.

Iso 9000 can improve operations in a traditional environment
ISO 9000 can improve Operations in a traditional environment:

  • Traditional environment means an organizational environment that has persisted in companies for decades.

  • Traditional org environment still operates according to the “old way of doing things” rather than according to principles of TQM

Iso 9000 and tqm are not in competition
ISO 9000 and TQM are not in competition: environment:

  • Organizations can adopt to either of them or both ISO 9000 and TQM.

  • Both have worthwhile and similar aims.

  • Both support each other and are complementary.

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=leVtLumjW7w

Management motivation for registration to iso 9001
Management motivation for Registration to ISO 9001 environment:

  • To improve operations by implementing a quality management system.

  • To create or improve quality management system.

  • To improve product or service quality or the consistency of quality.

  • To improve customer satisfaction.

  • To improve competitive posture.

  • ISO 9000 and TQM working together environment:

  • MOVEMENT from ISO 9000 to TQM and Vice Versa

  • ISO 9000 as an entry into TQM

    ISO 9000 can give an organization a head start in implementing TQM

Future of iso 9000
Future of ISO 9000 environment:

  • Credibility of the Standard

  • Updating ISO 9000

  • The three FDIS (Final Draft International Standards) which have been published are the following:

    • ISO/FDIS 9000, Quality management systems - Fundamentals and vocabulary

    • ISO/FDIS 9001, Quality management systems - Requirements

    • ISO/FDIS 9004, Quality management systems - Guidelines for performance improvements