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Automatic Identification System. LCDR Frank Elfring Program Engineer USCG Office of Vessel Traffic Management. Vessel Traffic Management Hierarchy. AIS Elements. Display Assemble Communicate. ARPA. Laptop. HDG COG Speed. GPS/ DGPS. ECDIS. ECS.

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automatic identification system

Automatic Identification System

LCDR Frank Elfring

Program Engineer

USCG Office of Vessel Traffic Management

ais elements
AIS Elements

Display AssembleCommunicate

ARPA

Laptop

HDG

COG

Speed

GPS/

DGPS

ECDIS

ECS

Displays incoming

vessel information on

a suitable device

Gathers vessel movement

information and assembles

it into an AIS compliant

data sentence.

Initiates and controls the

flow of data sentences

between participating units

what is ais

Hello

Hello

What is AIS?

20 Miles

slide5

MVEBOUND/

POSN/090/21/046/

0112042498…...

MVWBOUND/

POSN/270/23/035/

0112142498…...

What is AIS?

20 Miles

slide6

MVEBOUND/

POSN/090/21/046/

0112642498…...

MVWBOUND/

POSN/270/23/035/

0112742498…...

What is AIS?

20 Miles

slide7

HELLO

What is AIS?

20 Miles

HELLO

ais application
AIS Application

MVInbound/POSN/335/332/14/21…………….

MVOutbound/POSN/030/032/10/18………...

ais application1
AIS Application

MVInbound/POSN/335/332/14/21…………….

MVOutbound/POSN/030/032/10/18………...

electronic navigation revolution
Positional

ADF

LORAN - A

LORAN - C

GPS

DGPS

ECS

ANSWERS:

Where am I?

Situational

Radar

ARPA

ANSWERS

Where are they?

Electronic Navigation Revolution
automatic identification system1
Automatic Identification System
  • Answers
    • Where am I
    • Where are they
  • Also Answers
    • Who are they
    • Which way are they headed
    • How fast are they going
    • and much more
a view from the bridge
A View From the Bridge
  • Mariner can choose to integrate AIS information into the bridge management system in a number of ways
    • ECDIS Overlay
    • ECS Input
    • ARPA
    • PC
  • One data string - many ways to display
current vts coverage
Current VTS Coverage

900 Miles of Coastal shoreline (US)

794,704,946 Tons of Cargo

43,954 Import /Export Transits

40 miles of River and Intracoastal Shoreline

$20 M O&M for infrastructure support

Safety Level

Miles of Shoreline

ais coverage area north america
AIS Coverage Area(North America)

12,375 Miles of Coastal shoreline (US)

25,000 miles of River and Intracoastal

shoreline

2,240,500,000 Tons of Cargo

182,768 Import /Export Transits

$0 O&M cost for infrastructure support. (Ship to Ship Mode)

Safety Level

Safety Foundation

Miles of Shoreline

ais vts coverage area north america

12,375 Miles of Coastal shoreline (US)

25,000 miles of River and Intracoastal

shoreline

2,240,500,000 Tons of Cargo

182,768 Import /Export Transits

AIS/VTSCoverage Area(North America)

Significantly Reduces O&M cost

Safety Level

Safety Foundation

Other VTM tools

VTS/VTIS

Miles of Shoreline

slide17

Ship To Ship AIS

  • Raises safety across the board
  • Most desired feature
  • Provides situational presentation
  • on bridge
  • Technology exists
  • Product evolving
slide18

Enhanced AIS

NON - CG Sources

Weather

Currents

Depth

PORTS

Etc.

CG C2 Node

Alerts / Alarms

Waterway Info

Watchstander

“Smart Tree”

  • Low $ solution to many traffic management issues
    • Maintain coverage in electronically blind areas
    • Insert emergency information from a C2 Center
    • May be integrated as part of NDS
      • Single Infrastructure /Multi-Mission capability
    • NOT a VTS but could transition to an emergency VTS
    • can remotely manage TSS, Maritime sanctuaries

Vessel Provides: ID, position,

course, heading, speed

Vessel Receives: Information

on vessels, port data, and

hazards in area

slide19

VTS/VTIS based on AIS

Emergency Info

Alerts

Vessel Data

Processing System

Watchstander

Position Data

Port

Stake-

holders'

Information

Radar data*

Weather

Currents

Depth

VTC

* only where appropriate

Vessel Provides: ID, position, course, heading, speed

Vessel Receives: Information on vessels, port data, and hazards in area

ais standards status
AIS Standards Status

Approved by MSC 5/11/98

N.B. Standards moving much more rapidly than normal.

ais development cycle
AIS Development Cycle

Implementation

Development

IDEA

the process
The Process

The

USERS