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Temperance Movement. By: Ashley Suh , Cristina Preziosi , Mackenzie Brower. Background Info/Description. Causes of the movement: New immigrants, such as the Irish and Italians, were entering the U.S.

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temperance movement

Temperance Movement

By: Ashley Suh, Cristina Preziosi, Mackenzie Brower

background info description
Background Info/Description

Causes of the movement:

  • New immigrants, such as the Irish and Italians, were entering the U.S.
  • The Irish and Italians had a lot of drinking of alcohol in their culture which heightened the amount of drinking in the U.S. to a certain extent
  • Since the end of the American Revolution, it became common for Americans to excessively drink alcohol because of the many economic and social problems of the country
  • Alcohol was seen as healthier to drink than water because most water sources were contaminated
  • There was an increase of violence in families from the men coming home drunk which fueled women to emerge as supporters of temperance
  • Many men would get a pay check after work and would go to bars to drink, spending all the money that they had to support their families
  • Overall, alcohol and distilled beverages led to problems in health, destitution, crime, and violence
  • What is the Temperance Movement?
    • A social movement in the early 19th century that pushed people to reduce and even abstain from the intake of alcohol or other distilled beverages
    • This movement criticized the use of alcohol and promoted complete abstinence, or the absolute prohibition of alcohol
    • Another word for complete abstinence is teetotalism
    • This movement was pushed for by women who’s families suffered from their husbands drinking
important leaders
Important Leaders

Lyman Beecher

  • A Presbyterian minister who preached about abstaining from alcohol
  • Gave six thunderous sermons on temperance
  • Did not like the idea of drinking in moderation
  • Was anti-Catholic because some Catholic ceremonies involved the consumption of wine
  • He preached about anti-slavery and had a lasting impact on his children, notably Harriet Beecher Stowe, a famous abolitionist
  • Despite his pro-abolition stance, he was racist against African Americans and refused to let African Americans listen to his teachings
  • Founder of the American Temperance Society which was established in 1826 in Boston, MA
  • The American Temperance Society promoted abstinence from alcoholic beverages and millions of Americans took the pledge to abstain from alcohol
  • Credited as the starter of the Second Great Awakening
  • Amelia Bloomer
    • A women’s rights and temperance supporter
    • Was the editor of the first women’s newspaper, “The Lily”
    • “The Lily” was a temperance journal
    • Had a great influence over women
accomplishments
Accomplishments
  • There was a decline in alcohol consumption in the 1860s
  • Schools started to teach about the effects of alcoholism
  • Alcohol prohibition laws came into effect in several states, such as Maine
connection to jacksonian democracy
Connection to Jacksonian Democracy

The “cult of domesticity” from Jacksonian Democracy was challenged during the temperance movement by Amelia Bloomer. She wrote “The Lily”, her temperance newspaper. By writing this newspaper, Bloomer shows the dangers of men drinking and how it threatens the woman and children in their family. Since women couldn’t vote because of this “cult of domesticity”, Bloomer is showing her expression in government through writing, which also goes back to the idea of the “Rise of the Common Man”. Amelia Bloomer gained more women supporters as more women read her newspaper.

Quotes:

  • “The same Power that brought the slaves out of bondage will, in His own good time and way, bring about the emancipation of women, and make her equal in power and dominion that she was in the beginning.” –Bloomer
  • “…Women eat, they drink, they sleep, they dress, they dance and at last they die, without having accomplished the great purposes of their creation.” –Bloomer’s salutary article in the Western Home Visitor
multiple choice questions
Multiple Choice Questions

Lyman Beecher did all of the following things EXCEPT:

Preach about temperance

Start the American Temperance Society

Preach about the flaws and prohibition of immigration

Promote the prohibition of distilled beverages

multiple choice questions1
Multiple Choice Questions

The American Temperance Society was:

An organization that supported women’s rights and the prohibition of abolition

An organization that supported abolitionist movements and supported temperance

An organization that promoted alcoholism and caused the Second Great Awakening

An organization that promoted temperance and teetotalism

multiple choice questions2
Multiple Choice Questions

The Temperance Movement was MOSTLY supported by:

Presbyterian ministers and anti-Catholics

Women

Free African Americans

Jacksonian democrats