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Airborne Contaminants Klondike Gold Rush NHP, Glacier Bay NP&P, Sitka NHP. Skagway Harbor & cruise s hip h aze. Glacier Bay and Chichagof Island: dust and smoke from fires in Eurasia . Airborne Contaminants. Justification. Affects Ecosystems & Visitor Experience.

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airborne contaminants klondike gold rush nhp glacier bay np p sitka nhp

Airborne ContaminantsKlondike Gold Rush NHP, Glacier Bay NP&P, Sitka NHP

Skagway Harbor & cruise ship haze

Glacier Bay and Chichagof Island:

dust and smoke from fires in Eurasia

Southeast Alaska Network

Inventory and Monitoring Program3 Year Review – March 2012

justification
Airborne ContaminantsJustification
  • Affects Ecosystems & Visitor Experience
  • Impacts Increasing with Global Industrial Expansion & Population Growth & Possibly Climate Change
  • Partnership with other Agencies and Allows Inferences at a Regional Scale

Southeast Alaska Network

Inventory and Monitoring Program3 Year Review – March 2012

justification1
Airborne Contaminants – Common to all SEAN parksJustification
  • All SEAN Park are Potential Receptors of:
  • Cruise ship emissions and other marine transportation

Southeast Alaska Network

Inventory and Monitoring Program3 Year Review – March 2012

justification2
Airborne Contaminants – Common to all SEAN parksJustification
  • All AK Parks are Potential Targets of:
  • Industrial emissions from Eurasia such as smelters, coal fired generators

Southeast Alaska Network

Inventory and Monitoring Program3 Year Review – March 2012

justification3
Airborne Contaminants - ecosystems and visitor experienceJustification

Western Airborne Contaminants Assessment Program

  • Provided reference data
  • Provided inspiration and expertise
  • Demonstrated contaminant are a potentially serious threat to Alaskan ecosystems, and subsistence resources
  • Demonstrated bioaccumulation in fish

Landers, D. H. et al. 2008. The fate, transport, and ecological impacts of airborne contaminants in western national parks (USA). EPA/600/R-07/138, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory (NHEERL), Western Ecology Division. Covallis OR., Corvallis, OR.

Southeast Alaska Network

Inventory and Monitoring Program3 Year Review – March 2012

monitoring objectives
Airborne Contaminants – Protocol developmentMonitoring Objectives
  • Determine functional methods for monitoring decadal trends in select airborne contaminants at remote sites;
  • Model relationship between contaminant in lichen tissue, atmospheric concentrations, and deposition rates;
  • Assess lichen community response to changes in airborne contaminants (and or other factors).

Question:

Are these currently the most relevant objectives?

Southeast Alaska Network

Inventory and Monitoring Program3 Year Review – March 2012

monitoring approach preliminary results
Airborne ContaminantsMonitoring Approach & Preliminary Results

Passive Ambient Atmospheric Samplers

Gaseous:

HNO3, SO2, NO2, NOx, NH4

Southeast Alaska Network

Inventory and Monitoring Program3 Year Review – March 2012

monitoring approach preliminary results1
Airborne ContaminantsMonitoring Approach & Preliminary Results

Passive Ambient Atmospheric Samplers

Weekly Ambient SO2 Concentrations May-Sept

2008

2009

Southeast Alaska Network

Inventory and Monitoring Program3 Year Review – March 2012

monitoring approach preliminary results2
Airborne ContaminantsMonitoring Approach & Preliminary Results

Passive Ambient Atmospheric Samplers

Weekly Ambient NOx Concentrations May-Sept

2008

2009

Southeast Alaska Network

Inventory and Monitoring Program3 Year Review – March 2012

monitoring approach preliminary results3
Airborne ContaminantsMonitoring Approach & Preliminary Results

Passive Ambient Atmospheric Samplers

Weekly Ambient NH3 & HNO3 Concentrations

2009 data

HNO3

NH3

Southeast Alaska Network

Inventory and Monitoring Program3 Year Review – March 2012

monitoring approach preliminary results4
Airborne ContaminantsMonitoring Approach & Preliminary Results

Passive Wet Deposition Samplers

Open

Canopy Throughfall

Southeast Alaska Network

Inventory and Monitoring Program3 Year Review – March 2012

monitoring approach preliminary results5
Airborne ContaminantsMonitoring Approach & Preliminary Results

Passive Wet Deposition Samplers

Open vs Closed Canopy sites

Southeast Alaska Network

Inventory and Monitoring Program3 Year Review – March 2012

monitoring approach preliminary results6
Airborne ContaminantsMonitoring Approach & Preliminary Results

Passive Wet Deposition Samplers

Open vs Closed Canopy sites

Juneau NADP Network Site

Southeast Alaska Network

Inventory and Monitoring Program3 Year Review – March 2012

monitoring approach preliminary results7
Airborne ContaminantsMonitoring Approach & Preliminary Results

Passive Wet Deposition Samplers

Open sites

Southeast Alaska Network

Inventory and Monitoring Program3 Year Review – March 2012

monitoring approach lichens
Airborne ContaminantsMonitoring Approach - lichens
  • Depend on nutrients from the air and rainfall;
  • A dynamic equilibrium exists between atmospheric chemicals and lichen tissue;
  • Long history of use as bio indicators;
  • Species differentially sensitivity to pollutants;
  • Allows a regional picture of air pollution deposition patterns.

Southeast Alaska Network

Inventory and Monitoring Program3 Year Review – March 2012

rationale for selection
Airborne ContaminantsRationale for Selection

Partnership with the Tongass National Forest Allows Analysis & Inferences at a Regional Scale

125 permanent plots

Southeast Alaska Network

Inventory and Monitoring Program3 Year Review – March 2012

monitoring approach
Airborne ContaminantsMonitoring Approach

How are concentrations of contaminants in the air changing on a decadal cycle?

  • Metrics include elemental concentration for P, K, Ca, Mg, Na, Al, Fe, Mn, Hg, Cu, B, Pb, Ni, Cr, Cd, Co, Mo, Si, Ti, Be, Sr, Rb, Li, V, Ba, total nitrogen and total sulfur.

Southeast Alaska Network

Inventory and Monitoring Program3 Year Review – March 2012

monitoring approach preliminary results8
Airborne Contaminants – lichen elemental concentrationsMonitoring Approach & Preliminary Results

How are elemental concentrations in lichen tissue changing?

Lichen collection plots conducted in KLGO in1998were revisited in 2008-09.

Southeast Alaska Network

Inventory and Monitoring Program3 Year Review – March 2012

monitoring approach preliminary results9
Airborne Contaminants – lichen elemental concentrationsMonitoring Approach & Preliminary Results

How are elemental concentrations in lichen tissue changing?

Lichen collection plots conducted in KLGO in1998were revisited in 2008-09.

Southeast Alaska Network

Inventory and Monitoring Program3 Year Review – March 2012

monitoring approach preliminary results10
Airborne Contaminants – lichen elemental concentrationsMonitoring Approach & Preliminary Results

Spatial Comparisons

Southeast Alaska Network

Inventory and Monitoring Program3 Year Review – March 2012

monitoring approach mercury
Airborne Contaminants – Mercury DepositionMonitoring Approach - Mercury

Eventually map the distribution of Hg deposition for Alaska

National Mercury Deposition Network

GLBA and GAAR

Bettles - GAAR

Bartlett Cove - GLBA

Southeast Alaska Network

Inventory and Monitoring Program3 Year Review – March 2012

monitoring approach mercury1
Airborne Contaminants – Mercury DepositionMonitoring Approach - Mercury

Investigate Regional Variation in Hg Deposition

Southeast Alaska Network

Inventory and Monitoring Program3 Year Review – March 2012

monitoring approach mercury2
Airborne Contaminants – lichen elemental concentrationsMonitoring Approach - Mercury

Mercury add to suite of analytes in 2008-09.

Southeast Alaska Network

Inventory and Monitoring Program3 Year Review – March 2012

acknowledgments
Acknowledgments

Linda Geiser - USDA Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station

Mark Fenn - USDA Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station

AndrjezBytnerowicz - USDA Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station

Karen Dillman - Tongass National Forest

Sarah Jovan - USDA Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station

Rick Graw - USDA Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station

Albert Faure - Alaska Dept of Environmental Conservation

Tamara Blett – National Park Service Air Resource Division

Ellen Porter - National Park Service Air Resource Division

Heather Root – Oregon State University

Brendan Moynahan – National Park Service, Southeast Alaska I&M Program

Scott Gende - National Park Service, Southeast Alaska Coastal Cluster

Lewis Sharman – Glacier Bay NP&P

Andrea Blakesley – Denali NP&P

Southeast Alaska Network

Inventory and Monitoring Program3 Year Review – March 2012

dave schirokauer dave schirokauer@nps gov
Dave [email protected]

Southeast Alaska Network

Inventory and Monitoring Program3 Year Review – March 2012

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