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The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet. William Shakespeare. DIALOGUE. The conversation between characters Provides the substance of a play Can further the plot Provide clues about character or theme (indirect characterization) Heighten the overall dramatic effect. STAGE DIRECTIONS.

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The tragedy of romeo and juliet l.jpg

The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet

William Shakespeare

Dialogue l.jpg

  • The conversation between characters

    • Provides the substance of a play

      • Can further the plot

      • Provide clues about character or theme (indirect characterization)

      • Heighten the overall dramatic effect

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  • The written instructions that explain how to perform a play

  • Stage directions contain crucial information that will help you visualize the action

    • Includes how the characters should look, speak, move, and behave

    • Stage directions can also specify details of the setting and scenery

    • Usually written in italics & within parentheses

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  • Establishes the setting

  • Introduces main characters

  • Explains background

  • Introduces character’s main conflict

  • Spoken by the chorus

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  • During the Elizabethan era in England, the chorus was portrayed by one actor

    • Spoke the prologue and epilogue to the play

    • Spoke directly to the audience

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  • Establishes the setting and the characters

  • Introduces the conflict

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Rising Action

  • Consists of a series of complications

  • These occur as the main characters take action to resolve their problems

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  • Turning point

  • Moment when a choice is made by the main character

  • Determines the direction of the action

  • Dramatic and tense moment when the forces of conflict come together

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Falling Action

  • Presents events that result from the action taken at the turning point

  • Usually lock the characters deeper and deeper into disaster

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  • Occurs at the end of the play

  • Usually ends in tragedy with the death of the main characters

  • Play ends with the resolution immediately follows & ties up the loose ends of the play

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  • A play in which the main character suffers a downfall

  • In most tragedies, the main characters are in some ways responsible for their downfall

    • Tragic hero

    • Tragic Flaw

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Aristotle’s Six Elements of Tragedy

  • Plot

  • Diction/Language/Dialogue

  • Music/Rhythm

  • Theme

  • Spectacle

  • Character

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Elements of Tragedy: Plot

  • Plot: what happens in a play

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Elements of Tragedy

  • Diction/Language/Dialogue

    • The playwrights’ word choices and the actor’s enunciation while delivering the lines

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Elements of Tragedy

  • Music/Rhythm

    • Not music as we think of it, but rather the sound, rhythm, and melody of the speeches

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Elements of Tragedy

  • Theme:

    • What a play means, as opposed to what happens

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Elements of Tragedy

  • Spectacle

    • the scenery, costumes, and special effects in a play

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Elements of Tragedy

  • Character

    • The person an actor represents in a play

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Romeo and Juliet

  • Romeo and Juliet is based on a long narrative poem by Arthur Brooke

    • Published in 1562

    • Based on popular Italian stories

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Romeo and Juliet

  • Romeo was a very young man

  • Juliet was a 14-year-old girl

  • They fall in love at first sight

  • Caught up in an idealized, almost unreal, passionate love

  • In-love with love

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Star-crossed lovers

  • Shakespeare presents Romeo and Juliet as “star-crossed lovers”

  • Doomed to disaster by fate

  • In Shakespeare’s time, they believed in astrology

  • (Zodiac signs)

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  • More than mere victims of fate

  • Romeo and Juliet make decisions that lead to their disaster