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Status of ITER. 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3 23 rd March 2010 Michael Loughlin Office of Central Integration and Engineering ITER. ITER is the Next Step Toward a Solution based on Tokamaks. SST-1: R =1.1m, 0.22MA, 2008 .

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status of iter

Status of ITER

2nd RCM-FENDL-3

23rd March 2010

Michael Loughlin

Office of Central Integration and Engineering

ITER

slide2
ITER is the Next Step

Toward a Solution based on Tokamaks

slide3

SST-1: R =1.1m, 0.22MA, 2008

Four New Superconducting Tokamaks will Address Steady-State Advanced Tokamak Issues in Non-Burning Plasmas

EAST: R = 1.7m, 2MA, 2006

JT-60SA: R = 3m, 5.5 MA, 2014

KSTAR: R = 1.8m, 2MA, 2008

iter key facts

RF

CN

European Union

KO

JP

IN

US

ITER – Key Facts
  • Mega-Science Project among 7 Members:
    • China, EU, India, Japan, Korea, Russia & US
  • Designed to produce 500 MW of fusion power for an extended period of time with a Q of 10
  • 10 years construction, 20 years operation
  • Cost:~5.4 billion Euros approved for construction, and ~5.5 billion for operation and decommissioning
  • EU 5/11, other six parties 1/11 each. Overall reserve of 10% of total.
procurement sharing
Procurement Sharing

- A unique feature of ITER is that almost all of the machine will be constructed through in kind procurement from the Members with essentially every member involved in every component.

staffing status
Staffing Status

By 31 December 2009, the ITER Organization had a total of 430 staff members, comprising 291 professional and 139 technical support staff members. In addition, as of end of 2009 there were around 330 external contractors.

slide12

Integration between IO and DAs- Basic Roles and Responsibilities -

* Depending on type of specification

- Functional: Functional requirements by IO and design by DAs

- Detail design: Conceptual design by IO and detailed design by DAs

- Build-to-print: Detailed design by IO and fabrication/shop design by DAs

slide13

Main Buildings on the ITER Site

A facility licensed under the French Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ASN)

PF Coils winding

Tokamak

Cryoplant

Tritium

Magnet power convertor

Cooling towers

Hot cell

  • Will cover an area of about 60 ha
  • Large buildings up to 250m long
  • Large number of systems

Main Office

Control

slide14

Status of ITER’s technical progress (highlights)

Fusion gain Q = 10, Fusion Power: ~500MW, Ohmic burn 300 to 500 sec

Goal Q=5 for 3000 sec

Central Solenoid (6)

(Nb3Sn)

Cryostat

(29 m high x 28 m dia.)

Thermal Shield

(4 sub-assemblies)

Toroidal Field Coils (18)

(Nb3Sn)

Vacuum Vessel

(9 sectors)

Poloidal Field Coils (6)

(NbTi)

In-Vessel Coils

(2-VS & 27-ELM)

Correction Coils (18)

(NbTi)

Blanket

(440 modules)

Divertor

(54 cassettes)

Feeders (31)

(NbTi)

Machine mass: 23350 t (cryostat + VV + magnets)

- shielding, divertor and manifolds: 7945 t + 1060 port plugs

- magnet systems: 10150 t; cryostat:  820 t

magnet energy comparison
Magnet Energy Comparison

Superconducting Magnet Energy:

~51 GJ

Charles de Gaulle Energy:

~38000 t at ~150 km/hr

slide16

TF Coil – Mass Comparison

Boeing 747-300

(Maximum Takeoff Weight)

~377 t

Mass of (1) TF Coil:

~360 t

16 m Tall x 9 m Wide

slide19

Overview of Schedule for 2019 First Plasma

ITER Construction

2022

2021

2023

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

TF Coils (EU)

Case Winding Mockups Complete TF10 TF15

CS Coil

CS Final Design Approved CS3L CS3U CS Ready for Machine Assembly

Vacuum Vessel (EU)

VV Fabrication Contract Award VV 05 VV09 VV07

Buildings & Site

Construction Contract Award Tokamak Bldg 11 RFE

Tokamak Assembly

Start Machine Assembly

Tokamak Basic Machine Assembly

Start Install CS Start Cryostat Closure

Ex Vessel Assembly

In Vessel Assembly

Assembly Phase 2

Assembly Phase 3

ITER Operations

Pump Down & Integrated Commissioning

Plasma Operations

First Plasma

procurement arrangements pas
Procurement Arrangements (PAs)
  • As of 18 March 2010, there are a total of 34 signed PAs, amounting to 1243.37844 kIUA (approximately EUR 1,900 million), about 41% of the total in-kind PA value;
  • 19 PAs are scheduled to be signed by August 2010 for a total of 776.453 kIUA (an estimated EUR 1,186 million).
iter schedule following first plasma path to dt in 2026
ITER Schedule Following First Plasma: Path to DT in 2026

FirstPlasma

ITER Commissioning and Operations

2019

2020

2021

2022

2023

2024

2025

2026

2027

Hydrogen Operations & Coil Commissioning

Shutdown

First Plasma

Commission

Install In-Vessel Equipment, ECRH & ⅓ Diagnostics

Hydrogen Operations

Tritium Plant Full DT Throughput

Install Blanket, Divertors,1st NBI, ICRH? & ⅓ Diagnostics

Shutdown

Install 2nd-NBI, & ⅓ Diagnostics

Commission

H & He Operations

Pre-Nuclear Shutdown

Tritium Plant Ready for Nuclear Operation

Neutron Diagnostic Calibration

All H&CD Fully Commissioned

Hydrogen Operations

DD & Trace DT Operations

Full DT

500 MW Fusion Attempt

slide27
The IO works towards finalizing a full set of baseline documents by the end April (scope, schedule, cost);

Scope is set in 2008. Schedule agreed as working basis in March 2010;

Resource loading of IPS for the IO is ongoing;

The acceptance of the ITER baseline towards a commonly agreed upon schedule is a huge step forward, since every party is committed to a common plan.

What is Next?

slide28

Present ITER Construction Site

Future Tokamak Complex

JWS 2

JWS 3

The creation and improvement of 106 kilometres of access roads from Fos harbour to Cadarache will be finished by February 2010.

1

slide29

Itinerary of ITER Components

= Itinerary of ITER Components

ITER Site

the roadmap beyond iter
The Roadmap Beyond ITER

upgrade,construction

Operation

Today’s

expts.

Des.

Construction

H

D

DT

2nd DT Op. Phase

ITER

Test/Optimise Blanket

Design

Construction

Qualify DEMO Materials

Optimise Materials

IFMIF

Design

Construction

Initial Operation

Reliability demo

DEMO

Concept

Design

Construction

Op.

Alternative

Confinement

Schemes

Commercial

Power Plants

summary
Summary
  • It took almost four years to re-baseline ITER and have a common understanding of the real cost of ITER. In the parties and for the IO.
  • The baseline decision by Council in June 2010 will set the real trigger for all countries to now move at the same pace.
  • We still have lots of things to improve, technically, managerially and also in interfacing with industry partners.
iter licensing process
ITER Licensing Process
  • Accordance with French regulations ITER is a “basic nuclear facility” (Installation Nucléaire de Base, INB) e.g. labs, fuel plants, not fission reactors. Compliance with international standards of safety (IAEA)
  • Licensing process:
    • Safety options report submitted and reviewed 2002
    • Series of informal technical meetings with the authorities (ASN) and their technical advisors (IRSN), 2006 – 2008.
    • License application documents were submitted January 2008
      • Request for authorisation (Demande d’Autorisation de Création, DAC), including Impact Study
      • Preliminary Safety Report (Rapport Préliminaire de Sûreté, RPrS)
  • Examination of files submitted in January 2008
    • Authorities (ASN & IRSN) reviewed our files for acceptability
    • In July 2008, they requested detailed additional information in the files
    • DAC and RPrS are now being updated, for re-submission in 2010
  • Next: Public Enquiry. Then examination by panel of independent experts (Groupe Permanent) to advise ASN.
current status october 2009
Current status (October 2009)
  • All RPrS chapters and Impact Study are in first draft
    • Some require completion with the outcome of safety analyses in progress, or design information from baseline documents to be fixed
  • Many annexe documents completed
    • Translation into French under way
  • Reviews of RPrS to be held October – December, by technical ROs, Safety Control Division (“second level” check), and in review including external experts - English version to be finalized by end of 2009
  • Translation in French and final checking
    • Submission expected end of February 2010
  • Should lead to issue of decree allowing “creation” of facility.
    • Further processes will follow to obtain authorisation for commissioning and start-up.