Changing paradigm in teaching and learning Reason for this course
Affleck (1996) in Library and Information Science Research – information professionalsinadequately prepared for the instruction role • Kirk (1995) found 75% of information jobs require some level of instruction.
Copernicus The earth revolved around the sun ; rather than being the centre the world Earth Flat V Earth round Teacher centred V Student centred Famous shifts in thinking: inform practice Science Philosophy Medicine Business Education
Famous shifts Information Science • Closed V Open Closed Open • Subjective view of information, according to situation • Market approach Closed • professional monopoly • Established body of knowledge threatened by change • Attention to document delivery • Minimum service to maximum users Hanks, G & Schmidt, C “An alternative model of a profession for Librarians” College & Research Libraries May, 1975 175 - 187
Traditional VS Alternative / System VS User (Devin, B and Nilan) Business: Marketing Medical profession – patient choices Schools: Student centred education Traditional • Objective view of information • View that individual is chaotic • User behaviour according to age income • Demand on system Alternative • Subjective • need arose because of a gap , (Belkin, Dervin, Krikelas) • beliefs and values affect understanding
Traditional vs User Systematic patterns of information seeking, despite individuality
Assignments Training module for a particular group Samples of actual topics on website Samples of each assignment on website Samples of online Xavier (online module) OSLIS (audio online module) University of Idaho (information literacy)