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Bellringer. Please complete the thesis and paragraphs sheet on Hinduism and Buddhism that you picked up at the front door. This is to be done individually! You have 8 minutes. BJOTD: What do you feed an invisible cat?. The Geography and Early Cultures of Ancient Greece. Geography.

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  • Please complete the thesis and paragraphs sheet on Hinduism and Buddhism that you picked up at the front door.

  • This is to be done individually!

  • You have 8 minutes.

  • BJOTD: What do you feed an invisible cat?


  • Mainland Greece is very mountainous

    • Affected Greece by splitting it into different regions which

      • Helped city-states gain individuality

      • Hindered their ability to work together

      • Each city-state thought it was better than others

    • Limited amount of farmland

      • Led to the Greeks colonizing new lands for farming


  • Two Major Peninsulas

    • Balkan and Peloponnesus

  • Varied Waterways

    • Dardanelles

      • Strait that connects the Aegean Sea to the Black Sea

      • Strait: thin area of water connecting two other waterways


  • Seas and Waterways affected Greece

    • Causing them to trade primarily by water

      • Profitable trade through Mediterranean, Aegean, and Ionian Seas

      • Made Greeks great sailors with a strong navy

    • Waterways connected Greeks to Italy, Egypt

      • Harbors kept boats safe overnight


  • Moderate Temperatures

    • 48° F in the Winter and 80° F in the Summer allowed the Greeks to have an outdoor life

Processing map
Processing: Map

  • Complete the map using the book and your groupmates. You have 10 minutes to do this.

The early people of greece
The Early People of Greece

  • Minoans

  • Mycenaeans ruled from 2000 BCE-1200 BCE

    • Location: Greece and Crete

    • Cities included Athens and were ruled by kings (monarchy)

  • Trojan War weakens Mycenaens and causes collapse

Trojan war
Trojan War

  • 1200 BCE: Mycenaean Kings fought 10 year war against Troy (located in Anatolia)

  • According to legend, Paris, a Prince of Troy, stole Helen, the wife of a Mycenaean King , away starting the war

  • Dorians move in after Mycenaeans

    • Less advanced--little writing

      • Because the Dorians lost the skill of writing, the Greeks learned about the Trojan War through oral traditions

    • After Dorians, Greeks split into city-states

Greek religion and mythology
Greek Religion and Mythology

  • Polytheistic

  • Mythology had 3 purposes:

    • Explaining natural phenomena (Storms, thunder, lightning, etc)

    • Explaining human qualities (speed, knowledge, strength, sight, etc)

    • Explaining life events (births, deaths, marriages, etc. )

  • Greek gods spread to Rome and can still be seen in everyday life

    • Literature, art, monuments, politics, architecture

Mythology in the world today
Mythology in the World Today


Major greek gods goddesses
Major Greek Gods & Goddesses

  • Zeus- King of the Gods, lives on Mt. Olympus

    • God of thunder and the sky

  • Hera- wife of Zeus

    • Goddess of marriage and birth

  • Aphrodite- goddess of love and beauty

Major greek gods goddesses1
Major Greek Gods & Goddesses

  • Artemis- goddess of the hunt

  • Apollo- god of medicine, sun, poetry, healing, music

  • Athena- goddess of wisdom and war

    • Patron god of Athens


  • Why were oral traditions so important to the early Greeks?

  • Do you think oral traditions or written records are more accurate? Why or why not?

Early cities
Early Cities

  • Early cities focused on two ideas:

    • Promoting civic participation

      • Getting people (free adult men) involved in decisions of city

    • Promoting commercial/business life

      • Getting people to trade products/ideas

  • City-states known as polis

    • Polis: city and surrounding countryside

      • Ex—Washington DC and its suburbs

    • Agora: city center—like business district

    • Acropolis: fortified (protected) area of city

      • Not all had one

      • Some cities put agora in acropolis


  • Agora:

    • Place for discussion and trade

    • Men met for food, clothes, ideas

    • Women rarely seen

  • Acropolis:

    • Used for protection and as a sign of power

    • Made it easy to see oncoming attackers

    • Place for royalty, women, and children to hide during war

Athenian acropolis
Athenian Acropolis

  • Fortified hilltop for protection

    • Walls are the mountain its built on—marble


  • How did Greek mythology help the Greeks explain their everyday lives and the world around them?

  • What impact did Greek mythology have on the world after the Greeks were gone?