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Indicators for Educational Planning. ….. all you wanted to know about indicators but were afraid to ask. Why indicators?. More complex education systems Greater need for information-based decision making Transparency in use of funds Targets harder to attain: more diagnosis needed

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indicators for educational planning

Indicators for Educational Planning

…..all you wanted to know about indicators but were afraid to ask

why indicators
Why indicators?
  • More complex education systems
  • Greater need for information-based decision making
  • Transparency in use of funds
  • Targets harder to attain: more diagnosis needed
  • Monitoring and evaluation more a part of the accountability requirement
how is the information used
How is the information used?
  • Political rather than rational imperatives rule (EFA, FTI, Catalytic Funds etc)
  • Need for more accessible information
  • Need to assess the functioning of the education system in all facets
  • Assessment must be easy to interpret
  • Description of the system must be understandable
what do indicators attempt to do
What do indicators attempt to do?
  • Show the evolution of the education system
  • Underscore the trends
  • Highlight problems
defining an indicator
Defining an indicator
  • A tool which gives a sense of the state of the education system and reports on that state to the whole community
  • Its characteristics are:

- its relevance

- its ability to summarise information

- its relationship to other indicators

- its precision and comparability

- its reliability

the capacity of an indicator
The capacity of an indicator
  • Measures how close one is to an objective
  • Identifies problematic situations
  • Meets policy concerns
  • Answers questions regarding policy choices
  • Compares the state of play to a standard or reference value
how should indicators work
How should indicators work?
  • Indicators should work like a control panel or like the warning lights on a car
  • They indicate that there is a problem or that an objective has been fulfilled or is on the way to fulfilment
  • A specialist then addresses the problem
  • An indicator is not a target or an objective
  • It only illustrates progress towards a target
  • It is a signpost not a destination
the hierarchy of evaluation
The hierarchy of evaluation
  • Goal
  • Purpose
  • Objectives
  • Indicators (OVIs)
an example from uganda
An example from Uganda

Goal: to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of secondary education

Purpose: To improve the quality of teaching and learning of English, maths and science

Outputs: a) TRCs established and functioning

b) In-service teacher education upgrades knowledge and skills

c) Provision of materials

d) Systems for sustainability in place

e) Gender biases addressed in TRCs and in-service teacher education

what kind of indicators could we construct to measure these outputs
What kind of indicators could we construct to measure these outputs?
  • Which are PROCESS issues?
  • Which are PRODUCT/OUTCOME issues?
an example from bangladesh
An example from Bangladesh

See the paper from PEDP II –

  • Are you satisfied with the categories of Outcome, System and Process Indicators – all of which come under the (ADB) heading of Key Performance Indicators ?
  • Do these indicators satisfy our criteria of

relevance, ability to summarise information, relating well to other indicators, precision and comparability, reliability?

  • How does the approach compare with that of Kenya ?
per dalin and his development chain
Per Dalin and his ‘Development Chain’
  • The need to develop indicators for

The Pilot Phase

The Implementation Stage

The Early Institutionalisation Stage

The Institutionalisation Stage

The Dissemination Stage

a final word on the log frame
A mixed audience of believers and non-believers

The Log Frame apparently offers a technology for evaluation through its structure

Its limitations are – the underlying theory of causation (the output is purely the result of the input), its human capital theoretical basis, its inflexibility in terms of unexpected change, its over-simplification of purpose

A final word on the Log Frame
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