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Osteoporosis. What is osteoporosis?. Osteoporosis (porous bones ) is a progressive bone disease that is characterized by a decrease in bone mass and density which can lead to an increased risk of fracture. If.

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Presentation Transcript
what is osteoporosis
What is osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis(porous bones)is a progressive bone disease that is characterized by a decrease in bone mass and density which can lead to an increased risk of fracture.

slide3
If
  • IF YOU LOOK AT HEALTHY BONE UNDER A MICROSCOPE,YOU WILL SEE THAT PARTS OFIT LOOK LIKE A HONEYCOMB
slide4

IF YOU HAVE

OSTEOPOROSIS,

THE HOLES AND SPACES IN

THE HONEYCOMB ARE MUCH

BIGGER THAN THEY ARE IN

HEALTHY BONE.

slide5

BROKEN BONES

DUE TO OSTEOPO-

ROSIS ARE MOST

LIKELY TO OCCUR

IN THE HIP,SPINE

AND WRIST,BUT

OTHER BONES

CAN BREAK TOO.

slide6

YOUR BONES ARE MADE UP OF

THREE MAJOR COMPONENTS THAT

MAKE THEM FLEXIBLE AND STRONG

slide8

OSTEOPOROSIS DEVELOPS VERY SLOW-

LY OVER A PERIOD OF MANY YEARS.

EARLY SINGS OF OSTEOPOROSIS MAY

INCLUDE:

JOINT PAINS

DIFFICULTY STANDING

DIFFICULTY SITTING UP STRAIGHT

symptoms
symptoms

1.Osteoporosis itself has no

symptoms

2.Its main consequence is the

increased risk of bone fractures

complication
COMPLICATION

HIP FRACTURES CAN LEAD TO DECREASED

MOBILITY AND ADDITIONAL RISK OF NU-

MEROUS COMPLICATION,SUCH AS DEEP

VENOUS THROMBOSIS

PULMONARY EMBO-LISM

PNEUMONIA

what are the risk factors of osteoporosis
What are the risk factors of osteoporosis?

1.AGE

2.ESTROGEN DEFICIENCY FOLLOWING

MENOPAUSE OR OOPHORECTOMI

3.DECREASE IN TESTOSTERONE

4.FAMILY HISTORY

5.THE HERITABILITY OF THE FRACTURE

6.PEOPLE WITH SMALL FRAMES

7.ETHNICITY

slide12

8.GASTRIC CANCER

9.HIV

10.VITAMIN D,CA DEFICIENCY

11.EXCESS ALKOHOL

12.TOBACCO SMOKING

13.EXCESS SODIUM

14.HIGH BLOOD ACIDITY MAY BE DIET-RELATED

AND IS A KNOWN ANTAGONIST OF BONE

15.PHYSICAL INACTIVITY

16.HEAVY METALS

17.SOFT DRINK

18.IMMOBILIZATION CAUSES BONE LOSS

19.MALNUTRITION

20.ENDOCRINE DISORDERS

slide13

21.HYPOGONADAE STATES CAN CAUSE SECON-

DARY OSTEOPOROSIS THESE INCLUDE TURNER

SYNDROME,KALLMAN SYNDROME,ANOREXIA

NERVOSA,ANDROPAUSE,HYPOTHALAMIC AME-

NORRHEA OR HYPERPROLACTINEMIA

22.RATIENTS WITH RHEUMATOLOGIC DISORDERS

23.RENAL INSUFFICIENCY

24.HEMATOLOGIC DISORDERS

25.PEOPLE WITH SCOLIOSIS OF UNKNOWN CAUSE

26.PEOPLE WHO USE

GLUCOCORTICOIDS

BARBITURATES

ANTIEPILEPTICS

L-THYROXINE

THIAZOLIDINEDIONES

slide14

ANTICOAGULANTS-LONG TERM USE

PROTON PUMP INHIBITORS,THIS IS THOUGHT

TO INTERFERE WITH CALCIUM ABSORPTION

CHRONIC LITHIUM THERAPY

how is osteoporosis diagnosed
How is osteoporosis diagnosed ?

ULTRASOUND

DUAL-PHOTON ABSORPTIOMETRY

COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY

DUALENERGY X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY

BLOOD TESTS

slide16

WHAT CAN YOU DO TO PROTECT YOUR BONES?

OSTEOPOROSIS PREVENTION SHOULDBEGIN IN CHILDHOOD.

WHATEVER YOUR AGE,THE HABITS YOU

ADOPT NOW CAN AFFECT YOUR BONE HEALTH FOR THE REST OF YOUR LIFE.

slide17

NOW IS THE TIMETO TAKE

ACTION!

START NOW!

slide19

GET ENOUGH CALCIUM

AND VITAMIN D

slide23

HORMONE-REPLACEMENT THERAPY

REPLACING OF ESTROGEN CAN REDUCE

THE LIKELIHOOD OF FRACTURES BUT

CAN INCREASE THE RISK FOR BREAST

CANCER IN SOME WOMEN