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Manning & Watch Keeping. Uninspected Towing Vessels. Towing Vessel Manning Learning Objectives. State: manning and work hour requirements for UTV operating on inland waters. State: manning and work hour requirements for UTV operating outside the boundary lines.

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Manning watch keeping

Manning & Watch Keeping

Uninspected Towing Vessels


Towing vessel manning learning objectives
Towing Vessel ManningLearning Objectives

  • State: manning and work hour requirements for UTV operating on inland waters.

  • State: manning and work hour requirements for UTV operating outside the boundary lines.

  • State: manning requirements for vessels on international voyages.

  • State: manning requirements for vessels on for vessels on foreign voyages.


Towing vessel manning
Towing Vessel Manning

Manning Responsibility

  • 46 CFR 15.103(b)

“The navigation and shipping laws state that a vessel may not be operated unless certain manning requirements are met. In addition to establishing a minimum of licensed individuals and members of the crew to be carried on board certain vessels, they establish minimum qualifications concerning licenses, citizenship, and conditions of employment.

It is the responsibility of the owner, charterer, managing operator, master, or person in charge or command of the vessel to ensure that appropriate personnel are carried to meet the requirements of the applicable navigation and shipping laws and regulations”


Towing vessel manning1
Towing Vessel Manning

Master

The mariner must hold one of the following:

  • Master of towing vessels; or

  • Master of inspected, self-propelled vessels of greater than 200 gross register tons, may operate towing vessels within any restrictions on their license, if they—

  • (a) Have 30 days of training and observation on towing vessels for the route being assessed (90 days for the Western Rivers) and, Either—

  • (1) Hold a completed TOAR; or

  • (2) Complete an approved training course.

46 CFR 15.805


Towing vessel manning2
Towing Vessel Manning

Mate (Pilot)

The mariner must hold one of the following:

  • Mate of towing vessels; or

  • Mate of inspected, self-propelled vessels of greater than 200 gross register tons or first-class pilot, may operate towing vessels within any restrictions on their license, if they—

  • (a) Have 30 days of training and observation on towing vessels for the route being assessed (90 days for the Western Rivers) and, Either—

  • (1) Hold a completed TOAR; or

  • (2) Complete an approved training course.

46 CFR 15.810 (d)


Towing vessel manning3
Towing Vessel Manning

Pilotage Requirements


Pilotage lower mississippi river
PilotageLower Mississippi River

Must have:

  • Master or Mate (Pilot) with

    • First Class Pilot endorsement for the route or

    • Western Rivers endorsement

      OR

  • Master or Mate (Pilot) with

    • With Tank Barges - 12 round trips with 3 during darkness and 1 within last 12 months

    • With out barges or with uninspected barges – 4 round trips with 1 during darkness and 1 within last 12 months

46 CFR 15.610 (b)(1)(2)


Pilot general
PilotGeneral

Master, Mate… of towing vessels may serve as pilot if the individual:

  • Is 21 years old.

  • Has annual physical..

  • Maintains current knowledge of the waters.

  • Has at least 6 months service in the deck dept on towing vessels.

  • Has 12 round trips over the route.

  • Tank Barges 10,000 GT or less…

46 CFR Table 15.812(e)(2)


Towing vessel manning chief engineer
Towing Vessel Manning Chief Engineer

Individuals engaged or employed to perform the duties of chief engineer must hold appropriately endorsed license or MMC authorizing service as a chief engineer

  • Required on uninspected , seagoing, documented vessels of 200 GT or more

  • License must be appropriate for route, size and horsepower of vessel

  • Most seagoing Uninspected Towing Vessels are specifically built and admeasured to be less than 200 GT.

46 CFR 15.820 (b)


Towing vessel manning who can serve as chief engineer
Towing Vessel ManningWho Can Serve as Chief Engineer?

  • Designated Duty Engineers (DDE)

    • DDE – limited to not more than 1000/4000 HP on Near Coastal, Great Lakes & Inland Waters.

    • DDE Unlimited my serve on any waters.

    • Limited to Vessels not more than 500 GT

  • Chief Engineer (limited-oceans)

    • Service on vessels AGT on Inland Waters

    • Service on vessels not more than 1600 GT on Near Coastal or Great Lakes .

46 CFR 15.915


Towing vessel manning who can serve as chief engineer1
Towing Vessel ManningWho Can Serve as Chief Engineer?

  • Chief Engineer (limited – near coastal)

    • Service on vessels AGT on Inland Waters

    • Service on vessels not more than 1600 GT on Near Coastal or Great Lakes .

  • Assistant Engineer (limited-oceans)

    • Service on vessels AGT on Inland Waters

    • Service on vessels not more than 1600 GT on Oceans, Near Coastal or Great Lakes .

46 CFR 15.915


Watchkeeping work hours
Watchkeeping & Work Hours

  • 46 CFR 15.701

  • 46 CFR 15.705

  • 46 CFR 15.710

  • 46 CFR 15.715

  • 46 CFR 15.840

  • USC 8104

  • SOLAS Chapter V, REG. 14

  • IMO Resolution A.1047 (27) - 30NOV2011

  • IMO Resolution A.890(21) - Revoked

  • IMO Resolution A.955(23) - Revoked

  • STCW Regulation VIII/2


Towing vessel work hour inland and great lakes
Towing Vessel – Work HourInland and Great Lakes



Watches
Watches

  • Watches on voyages less than 600 nm are permitted to be a two (2) watch system

  • Watches on voyages more than 600 nm must be a three (3) watch system

46 CFR 15.705


Watches1
Watches

The Coast Guard interpretation of USC 8104 (h), in conjunction with other provisions of the law, to permit masters or mates (pilots) serving as operators of towing vessels that are not subject to the Officers’ Competency Convention , 1936 to be divided into two watches regardless of the length of the voyage.

46 CFR 15.705 (d)


Manning requirements ab s
Manning RequirementsAB’s

Two Watch System

Three Watch System

Four (4) and eight (8) schedule

65% of deck crew must be AB’s

Does not include licensed officers

  • Six (6) on six (6) off schedule

  • 50% of deck crew must be AB’s

  • Does not include licensed officers

46 CFR 15.840

USC 8702


Able body seaman
Able Body Seaman

  • AB Unlimited - Service on any vessel

  • AB Limited - Service on vessels less than 1600 GT*

  • AB Special – Service on vessels less than 500 GT*

  • AB OSV – Service on OSV’s less than 500GT

  • AB Sail – Service on sailing School vessels

  • AB Fishing – Service on fish processing vessels

    * May constitute not more than 50% of the number of AB’s required on other vessels

46 CFR 15.840

USC 8702

USC 7312


Stcw basic safety training seagoing vessels
STCW Basic Safety Training Seagoing Vessels

  • Communication

  • Muster stations, escape routes

  • Fire, man overboard, and fire alarms

  • Locate and don PFD’s

  • Knowledgeable of the fire and WTD’s ETC.

46 CFR 15.1105


Watchkeeping stcw requirements
WatchkeepingSTCW Requirements

Verify that the “STCW Principals of Watchkeeping” are being observed

  • 46 CFR 15.1109


Stcw principals of watch keeping
STCW Principals of Watch Keeping

Each master of a vessel that operates beyond the Boundary Line shall ensure observance of the principles concerning watch keeping set out in STCW Regulation VIII/2 and section A-VIII/2 of the STCW Code.

46 CFR 15.1109


Stcw 95 rest period requirements
STCW 95 Rest Period Requirements

Officer in charge Navigation/ Engineering Watch:

  • Minimum of Ten (10) hours of rest in a 24 hour period

  • Hours of restmay divided into no more than two (2) periods

  • Need not be maintained in case of emergency, drills or overriding operational conditions.

  • Personnel remain subject to the work-hour limitations in 46 USC 8104

46 CFR 15.1111


Safe manning issues
Safe ManningIssues

  • Towing Vessel Detentions

  • Flag States unfamiliarity with Uninspected Towing Vessels and US domestic regulations that apply to these vessels.

  • Vessel Operators unfamiliar or unaware of safe manning requirements

  • USCG inconsistent application of safe manning principals and requirements


Safe manning international voyage
Safe Manning International Voyage

  • A voyage between a country to which SOLAS applies and a port outside that country.

  • For the purposes of this subchapter, vessels are not considered as being on an "international voyage" when solely navigating the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River as far east as a straight line drawn from Cap des Rosiers to West Point, Anticosti Island and, on the north side of Anticosti Island, the 63rd meridian

46 CFR 24.10-1


Safe manning foreign voyage
Safe Manning Foreign Voyage

  • A vessel engaged on a foreign voyage means a vessel to which this chapter applies

  • arriving at a place under the jurisdiction of the United States from a place in a foreign country

  • making a voyage between places outside the United States; or

  • departing from a place under the jurisdiction of the United States for a place in a foreign country.

46 USC 32.01


Safe manning domestic voyage
Safe Manning Domestic Voyage

Domestic voyage means “movement of a vessel between places in, or subject to the jurisdiction of, the United States, except movement between—

a place in a territory or possession of the United States or the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands; and

a place outside that territory, possession, or Trust Territory.”

46 USC 5101


Safe manning
Safe Manning

Domestic manning requirements and international manning requirements may be significantly different.

IMO Resolution A.1047 (27) provides international guidance on safe manning and require a 3 watch system with certain exceptions.

Principles of Safe Manning Apply to All Vessels UTV’s , regardless of size. when on international voyages


Safe manning document
Safe Manning Document

  • Keels Laid on/after 28 July 1994

    • Required on vessels of 500 GT ITC and above

    • Recommended on vessels less than 500 GT ITC

    • On international voyages

  • Keels Laid before 18 July 1994

    • Not required

    • Highly recommended

    • 3-watch system required

    • On international voyages

    • Ref: SOLAS – Chapter V, Regulation #14

      • 46 CFR 24.05-1 (a) (footnote #6)


Safe manning policy guidance
Safe ManningPolicy & Guidance

IMO Resolution A.1047 (27)

Marine Safety Manual, Volume III


Safe manning document1
Safe Manning Document

- SMD -

Flag-state authorization to deviate from a 3 watch System

Provides port-states with flag-state’s vessel specific manning levels

For inspected vessels, the vessel’s COI is the SMD


Safe manning document2
Safe Manning Document

Exercise

  • Manning – Ocean Navigator

  • Build Date 1986

  • GRT – 195

  • GT ITC – 565

  • HP/kW – 6000/4662


Safe manning document3
Safe Manning Document

Ocean Navigator


Great lakes inland manning
Great Lakes & Inland Manning

Summary

Vessels 26 ft. and greater

  • Master required on board

  • Mate required when the vessel operates more that 12 hrs.

  • No requirement for Engineering Officer

  • No minimum number of deck required

  • AB’s required on Great Lakes

    (Based on watch system, I.E. 2 or 3 watch system)

  • AB’s not required on Inland waters

  • No international requirements


Near coastal oceans manning
Near Coastal & Oceans Manning

Summary

Less than 200 GT & 26 ft. and greater

  • Master required on board

  • Mate required when the vessel operates more that 12 hrs.

  • No requirement for Engineering Officer

  • No STCW requirements

  • No minimum number of deck required

  • AB’s required on vessels 100 GT and greater

    (based on watch system, I.E. 2 watch or 3 watch system)

  • International conventions may apply


Oceans manning
Oceans Manning

Summary

200 GT but <300 GT & >/= 26 ft

  • Master required on board

  • Mate required when the vessel operates more that 12 hrs.

  • Engineer Required

  • Meet STCW 95 requirements

  • No minimum number of deck required

  • AB’s required on vessels 100 GT and greater

    (based on watch system, I.E. 2 watch or 3 watch system)

  • International conventions my apply based on appropriate tonnage convention


Manning rules
Manning Rules

Summary

  • All UTV’s on International Voyages are subject to the requirements of The International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 (SOLAS)

  • Any UTV Operating outside the boundary lines are subject to the STCW requirements