Ascribing human attributes to nonhuman things. Think “grass” in the poem “Grass”
Underlying message or lesson of a text. What the writer/text is saying about the subject
What type of imagery is this? The thundering hooves clanged against the cobblestones.
What is a SUBJECT in “War is Kind” and “Dulce et Decorum Est?”
War • Patriotism
What is a THEME from “War is Kind” and/or “Dulce et Decorum Est?”
War is costly, horrific, chaotic and not necessarily worth what the soldier gives up • Patriotism does not mean that one must die for one’s country
Simile or Metaphor? “Their love is a mighty oak tree.”
When the spoken word sounds like the actual noise. • Zoom, swoop, bang, pop, etc.
When the structure or shape of a poem reflects what the poem is talking about. Think “Easter Wings” and Shape Poetry