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General Planning Process. Visioning Setting Goals & Objectives Revising Plans Developing alternatives “ Preferred Alternatives ” Monitoring & Evaluation Implementation . Cf. King County Benchmark Reports. Kim Dietz, Redmond.

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general planning process
General Planning Process

Visioning Setting Goals & Objectives

Revising Plans Developing alternatives

“Preferred Alternatives”

Monitoring & Evaluation Implementation

Cf. King County Benchmark Reports

UDP 450/Oct 30, 2007

slide2
UDP 450/Oct 30, 2007

Kim Dietz, Redmond

major areas in wa gma
Major Areas in WA GMA
  • Jobs (Economy)
  • Housing
  • Transportation
  • Critical Areas, Resource Protection
    • Endangered Species Act: Salmon listing
      • Stream protection
    • Forestland and Farmland protection
  • Open Space
  • Rural Areas

UDP 450/Oct 30, 2007

gm via 5cs
GM via 5Cs
  • Compact urban development
    • Urban growth in UGAs
    • Center approach: 25 Centers, Mixed use, higher density development (Jobs/housing)
  • Comprehensive planning
    • Linking broad range of issues (see next slide)
  • Consistency
    • Comprehensive planning elements are in conformity with each other
    • No contradiction between plans (city vs. county)

UDP 450/Oct 30, 2007

gm via 5 c s
GM via 5Cs
  • Concurrency
    • Provide necessary infrastructure at the time of development
    • E.g. Infrastructure financing plan in place prior to building permits
    • Developers should provide the service within 6 years
      • I-90 Sunset Exchange, Issaquah Highlands
  • Citizen Participation
    • GMA requires all jurisdictions engage in “early and continuous public participation”
    • Cf. Participation by invitation

UDP 450/Oct 30, 2007

slide6

Rural (counties)

Parks & Rec.

Solar Energy

Economic Development

Conservation

Shorelines

Subarea Plans

Utilities

Capital Facilities

Transportation

Housing

Land Use

F

L

U

M

Community

Comprehensive

Plan

GMA

Plan Elements

1990

Mandatory Elements

RCW 36.70A.070

Mandatory Elements

added in 1995/2002

Optional Elements

RCW 36.70A.080

UDP 450/Oct 30, 2007

jurisdictions in wa gma
JURISDICTIONS IN WA GMA

Puget

Sound

WA

State

Region

Counties

Kitsap

Snohomish

King

Pierce

Cities

Local

Local

Local

o

o

s

n

e

i

gh

b

o

r

h

d

UDP 450/Oct 30, 2007

n

countywide planning policies cpp
Countywide Planning Policies (CPP)
  • A framework for all local governments in a county
  • ex. King County GMPC (Growth Management Planning Council) adopts CPP
  • http://www.metrokc.gov/permits/codes/GMPC/default.aspx

UDP 450/Oct 30, 2007

countywide planning policies cpp cont
Countywide Planning Policies (CPP) (cont.)
  • UGA designation
  • Continuous & orderly development providing urban services
  • Siting major public capital facilities
    • Urban water and sewer systems

UDP 450/Oct 30, 2007

countywide planning policies cpp cont1
Countywide Planning Policies (CPP) (cont.)
  • Transportation strategies & facilities
  • Affordable housing needs and distribution
  • Economic development and employment
  • Example: King County CPP:
  • http://www.metrokc.gov/ddes/compplan/CPP-current.pdf

UDP 450/Oct 30, 2007

multicounty planning policies mpps
Multicounty Planning Policies (MPPs)
  • Required for King, Pierce, and Snohomish Counties and cities
  • Puget Sound Regional Council develops and adopts MPPs

UDP 450/Oct 30, 2007

comprehensive plan
Comprehensive Plan
  • According to CPP, cities prepare their comprehensive plans. The urban growth areas should accommodate 20 years growth.
  • Local governments should update their CPs every seven years for fast-growing areas (>2%, >50,000)
  • Submit their CPs to WA state CTED (Community Trade, Economic Development) for review

UDP 450/Oct 30, 2007

comprehensive plan cont
Comprehensive Plan (cont.)
  • Seattle’s Comprehensive Plan
  • a.k.a. Toward a Sustainable Seattle
    • http://www.seattle.gov/dpd/Planning/seattle_s_comprehensive_plan/Overview/
    • Adopted in 1994
    • 20-year plan
    • Exemplar CP

UDP 450/Oct 30, 2007

3 growth management hearings board
3 Growth Management Hearings Board

Eastern WA GMHB

Central WA GMHB

Western WA GMHB

http://www.gmhb.wa.gov/

UDP 450/Oct 30, 2007

sanctions for noncompliance
Sanctions for Noncompliance
  • Losing $$$
    • Eligibility for state public works project loans
    • Water pollution control facility grants
    • Motor vehicle fuel tax
    • Transportation improvement & arterial accounts
    • Sales & use taxes
    • Liquor profit and excise taxes
    • Power to collect real estate excise taxes
  • Chelan County, early 1990s

UDP 450/Oct 30, 2007

planning and citizen participation
Planning and Citizen Participation
  • Goal-Driven Approach
    • Set long range (~20 years) goals covering wide range of issues
  • Vision-Driven Approach
    • Strong community leadership
  • Issue-Driven Approach
    • One issue at a time, e.g. traffic management in downtown core, homeless shelters, mixed use development, etc.

UDP 450/Oct 30, 2007

planning and citizen participation cont
Planning and Citizen Participation (cont.)
  • Blended approach
    • Most common method
    • Combining several approaches depend on tasks

UDP 450/Oct 30, 2007

techniques for participation
Techniques for Participation
  • Public Hearings
    • Most formal and traditional way of citizen participation
    • Planning departments send out “Notice” with issues of concern, dates and places of public hearing
    • Example:

UDP 450/Oct 30, 2007

techniques for participation1
Techniques for Participation
  • Stakeholder group meetings
    • (quasi-formal) interest group meetings: neighborhood groups, homeowners’ associations, environmental groups, business associations (Chamber of Commerce, economic development groups, etc.)
    • Good for issue-oriented meetings

UDP 450/Oct 30, 2007

slide20

Neighborhood Planning Stakeholders

Residents of the

neighborhood

representing

diversity

of the area,

including:

Age

Income

Heritage

Geographic Place

UDP 450/Oct 30, 2007

techniques for participation2
Techniques for Participation
  • Focus Group meetings
    • Inviting a group of people who are representative of the community
    • Useful for issue identification, drafting goals and objectives: e.g. deciding rail stations or highway routes

UDP 450/Oct 30, 2007

slide22

Communication works through

a network in which information

flows:

-from residents & CAC to staff

-from and to City Officials

-through staff, between residents

and City Officials

A neighborhood plan

is created from the direct

input and feedback of

the residents, workforce, and

interested parties within the

neighborhood

UDP 450/Oct 30, 2007

Source: Kim Dietz, City of Redmond

gma requires
GMA requires
  • “broad dissemination of proposals and alternatives, opportunity for written comments, public meetings after effective notice, provision for open discussion, communication programs, information services, and consideration of and response to public comments” (RCW 37.70A.140)

UDP 450/Oct 30, 2007

open public meetings act
Open Public Meetings Act
  • “All meetings of the governing body of a public agency shall be open and public and all persons shall be permitted to attend any meeting of the governing body of a public agency, except as otherwise provided in this chapter.” (RCW 42.30.030)

UDP 450/Oct 30, 2007

open public meetings act cont
Open Public Meetings Act(cont.)
  • Cities and counties publish meeting dates via newspapers and newsletters
  • Identify timeline and process for CP and zoning amendments: enough time to gather feedback from neighbor cities/counties
  • Local governments should adopt creative strategies for community outreach, e.g. senior citizens, youth, minority populations

UDP 450/Oct 30, 2007