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MEDIN Open Meeting: Tuesday 02 November 2011. Computing Challenges of Offshore Wind . Eur Ing John P. Shaw BE MBA CEng MIEI SMIEEE MISA John.shaw@mainstreamrp.com CIO Mainstream Renewable Power 02 November 2011. Introduction.

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Computing Challenges of Offshore Wind


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    1. MEDIN Open Meeting: Tuesday 02 November 2011 Computing Challenges ofOffshore Wind EurIngJohn P. Shaw BE MBA CEng MIEI SMIEEE MISA John.shaw@mainstreamrp.com CIO Mainstream Renewable Power 02 November 2011

    2. Introduction The Energy Sector is undergoing A Technology Transformation as it moves to Renewable Sources The emerging €6.4 Trillion Offshore Wind Energy Market is the key to Europe’s Energy Future The Supergrid is the key enabler for Offshore Wind Energy To accelerate the Supergrid, An Integrated approach to Computing Innovation, Standards and Collaboration is needed

    3. Computing Challenges of Offshore Wind • Mainstream Renewable Power • Offshore Wind in Europe • Supergrid Enablers • Offshore Wind Developers’ Computing needs • The need for an Integrated Approach

    4. Computing Challenges of Offshore Wind • Mainstream Renewable Power • Offshore Wind in Europe • Supergrid Enablers • Offshore Wind Developers’ Computing needs • The need for an Integrated Approach

    5. Vision Mainstream Renewable Power was founded by Dr. Eddie O’Connor in February 2008. “ Our vision is of thriving economies and communities liberated from the restrictions of fossil fuels, using renewable energy as their mainstream source of power. “ The world is experiencing a once-off historical transition to sustainable fuels: Each one of our 195 countries must go through it. • 4 fundamental issues drive this transition ; • Climate change • Ever-increasing Demand for Energy • Rising Fossil Fuel Prices • Energy Security These 4 key drivers influence the pace of the transition to sustainability

    6. Driver 1 : Climate Change British adventurer and swimmer Lewis Gordon Pugh has become the first person to swim in the icy waters of the North Pole. 16 July 2007 2011 : 2nd Biggest Arctic Ice Melt in Recorded History

    7. Driver 2 : Exploding Global Demand for Energy China is adding 100,000 MW to it’s grid annually Equivalent to ‘ Adding Germany ‘ each year By 2030, China & India will add ‘ 23 Germanys ‘ In 2009 China surpassed US to become world’s largest Energy Consumer

    8. Driver 3 : Rising Fossil Fuel Price General JN Mattias, USMCMarch 2010 Richard Branson, Virgin Ian Marchant, SSE February 2010 Oil Price rise by 1,600% percent 1997 – 2007..... Will it do it again by 2020 ?

    9. Driver 4 : Security of Supply Europe will become dependent on large Gas Imports, Cash Outflows without EC intervention... ... Via a Continent-wide Grid for Natural Gas yet no equivalent for Electricity exists yet Source: EGL 2007 Source: Allianz 2010 European Commission has intervened to catalyse the switch to Renewables

    10. Crisis, what crisis ? A transition to Sustainable Energy permanently extracts us from the Energy Crisis

    11. Mainstream’s Business Model • Sustainability as a business is what we do at Mainstream : wind & solar. • Mainstream’s business model spans 4 key areas ; Government Policy Project Development Recycle Cash For New Projects Project Construction Asset Operation & Maintenance Profit from sale Long-term O&M contract Asset out-performance fee 3 Revenue Streams = A sustainable pipeline of Renewable Energy Projects secured

    12. Mainstream’s 14,000+ MW Projects’ Pipeline 420 MW : Scotland 1,000 MW : Germany 845 MW : Canada 6,000 MW : England 947 MW : USA 994 MW :Chile 4,086 MW : South Africa Offices Offshore 11 Office, 140 Employees, 8 Countries Onshore

    13. Computing Challenges of Offshore Wind • Mainstream Renewable Power • Offshore Wind in Europe • Supergrid Enablers • Offshore Wind Developers’ Computing needs • The need for an Integrated Approach

    14. EU Energy Perspective : Current Investment Mix Globally > 160,000 MW Wind Power is already Operational

    15. EU Energy Perspective : 2050 2050 Energy Mix Where is the Wind Resource? • 1,800,000 MW of installed Wind Power needed • Based on projected 2050 energy requirements • 200,000 MW from Onshore Wind : the limit • Europe is the most crowded Continent • 1,600,000 MW from Offshore Wind • Plenty of space to grow further • Achievable at €3,600,000.00 per MW • Investment : • €5.8 Trillion for Offshore Wind Turbines by 2050. • €0.6 Trillion for associated Offshore transmission • and distribution: Supergrid. Supergrid is the key enabler for the Renewable Energy Future

    16. Offshore Wind Resource Offshore Wind in the North Sea : Europe’s best option

    17. Europe’s Electricity Demand Europe’s Power Demand EU27 Demand (2008): 3,200 TWh Offshore Wind Power Available Area considered with 5MW/Km2 North Sea:35,700,000 MW Mediterranean Sea: 12,500,000 MW Total48,200,000 MW Equates to: 161,000 TWh Conclusion : Demand 3,200 TWh Supply 161,000 TWh Supply v Demand x 50 Mr Brian Hurley, Wind Site Evaluation Ltd. Offshore Wind Resources in Europe Marseilles, March 2009 Offshore Wind in the North Sea : can meet Europe’s needs x 50

    18. Mainstream’s Projects in the North Sea • Key Features • Excellent wind resource • Convenient location for major energy consumers • 10 countries are now focused & organised to developing this resource • Mainstream has 3 projects in the North Sea: • Germany • Scotland • England • 33,000 MW of Offshore Wind Round 3 Development licences issued by Crown Estate in UK waters 420 MW NEART NA GAOITHE 6,000 MW 1,000 MW HORNSEA R3 HORIZONT Offshore Wind in the North Sea : will deliver EU Energy Strategy

    19. The Big Picture “...We can get 100 percent of our energy from wind, water, and solar (WWS) power. And we can do it today—efficiently, reliably, safely, sustainably, and economically... ...The obstacles to this transformation are primarily social and political, not technical or economic...” Dr Mark Delucchi University of California IEEE Spectrum September 2011 Supergrid is the key technology for this transformation

    20. Computing Challenges of Offshore Wind • Mainstream Renewable Power • Offshore Wind in Europe • Supergrid Enablers • Offshore Wind Developers’ Computing needs • The need for an Integrated Approach

    21. An electricity transmission system, mainly based on HVDCdesigned to facilitate large scale sustainable power generation in remote areas for transmission to centers of consumption, therebyenhancing the energy market Supergrid • Key Features • A new transmission backbone for Europe’s decarbonised power sector • Enables distribution of energy from 1,600,000 MW Offshore Wind Farms • A transformational approach to electricity generation and distribution • Captures clean energy generation and delivers firm renewable power across Europe • Goes beyond existing point-to-point interconnectors • Innovative technology needed to deliver HVDC Supernode technology • Requires a strategic partnership across the Supply Chain • Cost to build Europe’s Supergrid; • €0.6 Trillion Offshore Supergrid • €0.6 Trillion Onshore Supergrid SUPERGRID The Wind is always blowing somewhere : create Portfolio Effect

    22. Supergrid Consortium The consortium represents companies and organisations with a mutual interest in promoting the policy agenda for a European Supergrid. CEO Ana Aguado run the Consortium which exists to accelerate the Supergrid via a 5 point strategy: • Develop Standards • Create Offshore Transmission Operator • Establish EU Regulations • Create Single Electricity Market • Establish legal basis for trading The Consortium has 20 members

    23. Europe’s Supergrid in 2050 7 Innovation Trajectories are needed; • Bigger Wind Turbines • HVDC Transmission Cables • Supernode • Next-Generation Civil Engineering • Bigger Construction Vessels • Bigger Ports • Better ICT: • IntelligentMarket for Energy • Risk Management & Modelling • Real-time Pervasive Monitoring Dr Eddie O’Connor, Mainstream Renewable Power Supergrid Launch London, March 2010 An inevitable transition to sustainability with 7 Innovation Trajectories

    24. Innovation # 1 : Bigger Wind Turbines Turbines will get bigger : 20 MW Floating Turbines will be viable Source: Garrad Hassan Dr Eddie O’Connor, Mainstream Renewable Power C & F Offshore Summit London, April 2009 Bigger, Better turbines are needed

    25. 400 MW offshore converter 75 km land cable 128 km sea cable 400 MW converter Innovation # 2 : HVDC Transmission Cables Overhead Cables Sea Cables 400 kV AC line Three 400 kV AC cables 320 kV DC line Two 320 kVDC cables E.ON Netz, Borkum 2, 400 MW HVDC Light Mr Gunnar Asplund, ABBHVDC Supergrid - Technology and Costs Marseilles, March 2009 HVDC uses proven technology

    26. Innovation # 3 : Supernode “In 2011, only 30% of all power generated uses power electronics somewhere between the point of generation and end use. By 2030, 80% of all electric power will flow through power electronics.” Office of Electric Delivery & Energy Reliability, US Dept of Energy SUPERNODE CONCEPT 2.4 GW 2 x 500 MW 2 x 500 MW 2.4 GW 2.4 GW 400 kV 2.4GW ± 320kV 2 x 500 MW 2 x 500 MW Mr Joe Corbett, Mainstream Renewable PowerDetailed design of the Supernode Marseilles, March 2009 Supernode is a proven concept

    27. Innovation # 4 : Next Generation Civil Engineering Crane Capacity 1 000 tonnes Project Load 7000 – 10 000 tonnes Mr FennoLeeuwerke, Hochtief Construction Building at Sea and 3rd Generation of Ships Marseilles, March 2009 Bigger, Stronger Jack-up Technology Offshore wind Jack-up

    28. Innovation # 5 : Bigger Construction Vessels Mr FennoLeeuwerke, Hochtief Construction Building at Sea and 3rd Generation of Ships Marseilles, March 2009 Bigger Ships for bigger loads

    29. Innovation # 6 : Bigger Ports & Better Logistics • Requirements for UK’s Offshore Plans; • Develop two completely new ports • One on either coast of the UK • More than transport nodes • Focal point for regional development • Centres of excellence for R + D • Training centres for technologists/technicians • New manufacturing centres Dr Eddie O’Connor, Mainstream Renewable Power C & F Offshore Summit London, April 2009 An entirely new approach to Logistics is needed

    30. Innovation # 7 : Better Computing Technology Power Distribution Management Hi-Speed Wireless Communication Supernode Power Controls Wind Turbine Control Systems Monitoring & Controlling Risk Surveying & Modelling the Sea Reduce Project Risk & create the Intelligent Market

    31. Computing Challenges of Offshore Wind • Mainstream Renewable Power • Offshore Wind in Europe • Supergrid Enablers • Offshore Wind Developers’ Computing needs • The need for an Integrated Approach

    32. Offshore Business Process 5 % of the € 6.4 Trillion investment will be for ICT Equates to € 320 Billion ICT investment Construct Operate Develop Business needs to... Identify & Mitigate Risks Accelerate Surveying Accelerate Construction Connect & Distribute Power • Information needed : • Surveying • Modelling • Turbine Control Systems • Wireless Communication • Power Distribution Management • Project & Document Management • Risk Management Reducing Risk is all about Digitising Decision-Making

    33. What Offshore Developers Need from ICT • Mainstream’s fundamental belief is that marine data is a Public Good. • It should be collected once and used many times. • Key needs ; • Accessibility and Management: • Clear policy of ownership, licensing & access for all publicly funded data collection • Single point of access to marine data and information • Discourage cost-recovery pricing from public bodies • Data Standards and Quality control: • Common standards across jurisdictions and disciplines • Ensure the above is addressed in publicly funded data collection contracts • International Coordination: • Harmonised approach across the EU in relation to all of the above: • Links provided and maintained to EU/global databases and initiatives • Benefits of improved data management ; • Measurable reductions in costs to find, access and retrieve data • Wider and more reliable data and information upon which to base assessments • Mechanisms to share results and data with stakeholders Developers want to reduce Project Risk

    34. EU Marine Data Management • 4 EU Directives in particular impact industry: • Marine Strategy Framework Directive – ‘establish and implement coordinated monitoring programmes for ongoing assessment of the environmental status of [member state] marine waters’ • INSPIRE Directive – ‘adopt measures for the sharing of data sets and services between public authorities for the purpose of public tasks and the Environmental Information Directive’ • Birds and Habitats Directive – ‘establish a network known as Natura 2000 (SPA, SACs) • Data Collection Framework for Fisheries – ‘collect, manage and provide high quality fisheries data for the purpose of scientific advice, mainly for appropriate fisheries management decisions’ Shading = initiatives to manage data to satisfy EC Legislation There are many initiatives underway

    35. Marine Knowledge 2020 Marine Knowledge 2020 : Marine Data and Observation for Smart and Sustainable Growth Launched 13 September 2010 Led by Iain Shephard Key Objectives This Initiative from the Commission will ensure the following are achieved ; • Data from the EU-supported research programmes are more available for re-use • Common standards and policies • Contribute towards an interoperable global marine knowledge system • Cost • €1,400.0 Million spent per year by all stakeholders on Marine data collection in Europe • € 110.0 Million spent per year by EU on marine data collection • € 18.5 Million additional allocation per year for EU’s Marine Knowledge 2020 initiative Offshore Developers will contribute to Marine Knowledge 2020

    36. Computing Challenges of Offshore Wind • Mainstream Renewable Power • Offshore Wind in Europe • Supergrid Enablers • Offshore Wind Developers’ Computing needs • The need for an Integrated Approach

    37. Offshore’s Big Challenge: Digitise Risk-Management Offshore Data Types Depth Bathymetry Seabed Sidescan Sonar Sub-Strata Boomer Mapping ESA Satellites Wrecks Magnetometer Wind MetMast, Lidar Foundations Geotechnics Risk Prediction & Mitigation ISIS Waves & Currents Oceanography Flora & Fauna Ecology Collect Data Store Data Visualise Data Identify Patterns Run Scenarios Regulatory Reports Consultancy A new Integrated Sea Information System (ISIS) is needed

    38. ISIS : 5 layers to the Challenge New Standards, new Technology, integrated approach needed

    39. ISIS : Barriers to address • Innovation is inhibited by data licence issues: • Data licence issue throughout European waters • Over 400 legal entities have licensed ownership of data in Britain • Need EU Data Ownership Policy • Innovation is inhibited by regional data strategy variation: • National data archives are at different levels of maturity • Low Interoperability of data and metadata across EU • Need EU standard for data archives • Role for EU Commission: • Build on existing progress made by data communities • Provide sustainable funding for Innovation • Provide framework for licensing and re-use of data • Role for ICT Standards: • Build on existing ISA standards in other Sectors ( eg Manufacturing ) • Align relevant IEEE / IEC / ISA standards for computer & electrical devices • Provide framework for developing integrated standards across supply chain Intel are already helping to set standards for Supergrid & Offshore Wind

    40. Conclusion The Energy Sector is undergoing A Technology Transformation as it moves to Renewable Sources The emerging €6.4 Trillion Offshore Wind Energy Market is the key to Europe’s Energy Future The Supergrid is the key enabler for Offshore Wind Energy To accelerate the Supergrid, An Integrated approach to Computing Innovation, Standards and Collaboration is needed

    41. Further Information • Mainstream ‘s Business Model • http://www.mainstreamrp.com/ • Mainstream’s Innovation : A winner in the 2011 Computerworld Innovation Awards • http://www.eiseverywhere.com/ehome/CWHONORS2011/35791/?& • Mainstream’s Innovation: 2011 Harvey Nash CIO Seminar “ A New Age of Innovation “ • http://www.siliconrepublic.com/video/v/596-mainstream-renewables-cio/ • Mainstream’ ICT Strategy: Described by Silicon Republic • http://www.siliconrepublic.com/strategy/item/14728-in-the-mainstream • Mainstream & Intel: joint White-Paper & Video on Offshore Wind Farms • http://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/energy/wind-turbine-availability-excellence.html • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oOlWSWujw8s • Mainstream & Microsoft: Blog on SERA adoption & link to SERA document • http://blogs.msdn.com/b/mspowerutilities/archive/2010/06/24/sera-succinctly.aspx • http://www.microsoft.com/industry/manufacturing/utilities/default.mspx ( see ‘Spotlight’ Section ) • Friends of the Supergrid : driving policy and standards • http://www.friendsofthesupergrid.eu/ • Energy Trends : Oil refinery bottleneck report from Richard Branson & from US Military • http://peakoiltaskforce.net/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/final-report-uk-itpoes_report_the-oil-crunch_feb20101.pdf • http://smallwarsjournal.com/blog/joint-operating-environment-2010 • IEEE September 2011 : 100 % Renewable Future • http://spectrum.ieee.org/energy/renewables/wind-water-and-solar-power-for-the-world/?utm_source=techalert&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=092211 • Fortune September 2011 : The need for a Federal Approach to Supergrid • http://tech.fortune.cnn.com/2011/09/14/the-power-struggle-for-wyomings-wind/ • The Economist September 2011 : Arctic Sea Ice is melting faster than the Climate Models predict • http://www.economist.com/node/21530079 • Innovation Value Institute • http://www.ivi.ie/