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Department of Education. Safe Use of Machinery in Technology Teaching. Program Purpose. To be able to test and demonstrate knowledge in the safe use of static powered machinery To have an understanding of safety requirements according to current Victorian legislation. Learning Outcomes.

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    1. Department of Education Safe Use of Machinery in Technology Teaching

    2. Program Purpose • To be able to test and demonstrate knowledge in the safe use of static powered machinery • To have an understanding of safety requirements according to current Victorian legislation

    3. Learning Outcomes VBQU618 Apply OHS principles to technology teaching • Describe technology area roles and responsibilities of employers, employees, and contractors as set out in occupational health and safety legislation eg. technology head, health and safety representative, technology teachers, management nominee • Maintain awareness of all relevant OHS Risk Management requirements for managing risks in technology • Develop understanding of hazards in technology and the application to machinery safety • Learn about the management of hazardous substances in the technology teaching environment

    4. Learning Outcomes VBQU619 Safely operate and maintain woodworking machines • Learn about preparing, operating and maintaining woodwork machinery, including basic machinery safety • Develop understanding of managing safety in a woodwork teaching workshop • Implement housekeeping procedures in a technology teaching environment and safe operation of all common woodwork machinery

    5. Learning Outcomes VBQU619 Safely operate and maintain metalworking machines • Understand metal shop safety in the technology teaching environment and safe operation of all common metalwork machinery • Learn about preparing metal working machines for use • Learn about operating, maintaining metal working machines • Implement housekeeping procedures in a teaching metal shop

    6. Session 1 VBQU618 Apply OHS Principles to Technology Teaching

    7. Legislation • Acts • Regulations • Compliance Codes • Standards • Guidance • Agreements and contracts

    8. WorkSafe Victoria • WorkSafe Victoria is the Victorian WorkCover Authority’s occupational health and safety arm • Responsibilities include: - prevent workplace injuries- enforce Victoria’s OHS Laws

    9. S2 Objects of the OHS Act 2004 • to secure the health, safety and welfare of employees and other persons at work • to eliminate, at the source, risks to health safety or welfare of employees and other persons at work • to ensure that the health and safety of members of the public is not placed at risk by the conduct of undertakings by employers and self-employed persons • to provide for involvement of employees, employers and organisations representing those persons in the formulation and implementation of health, safety and welfare standards

    10. S4 Principles of Health and Safety Protection 1 All people must be given the highest level of protection against risks 3 Employers and self-employed persons must be proactive 2 Those who control or manage the workplace are responsible for eliminating or reducing risks as far as is reasonably practicable. 5 Employees are entitled, should be encouraged to be represented 4 Employers and employees should exchange Information and ideas about risks

    11. S20 Concept of Ensuring Health and Safety • Eliminaterisks to health and safety so far as isreasonably practicable If notreasonably practicableto eliminate risks • Reduce risks so far as isreasonably practicable Note: health includes psychological health

    12. S20 When determining what is Reasonably Practicable regard must be had to … • likelihood of the hazard or risk eventuating • the degree of harm that would result if the hazard or risk eventuated • what the person concerned knows, or ought to reasonably know about the hazard or risk and ways of eliminating or reducing it • the availability and suitability of ways to eliminate or reduce the hazard or risk • $ the cost of eliminating or reducing the hazard or risk $

    13. S21(1) Duties of Employers An employer must, so far as isreasonably practicable,provide and maintain for employees of the employer a working environment that is safe and without risks to health*. * Definition of health includes psychological health

    14. S21 (a-e) Duties of Employers Employers must so far as is reasonably practicable: • provide or maintain plant or systems of work • manage risk when using, handling, storing and transporting plant or substances • maintain workplaces under their control and management in a safe and healthy condition • provide adequate facilities for the welfare of employees • provide information, instruction, training or supervision to employees to perform their work that is safe and without risks to health

    15. S21(3)(a) Contractors • “Employee” includes an independent contractor engaged by an employer and any employees of the independent contractor

    16. S21(3)(b) Contractors • the duties of an employer under those sub-sections extendto such an independent contractor and the independent contractor’s employees, in relation to matters over which the employer – has control; or would have had control but for any agreement between the employer and the independent contractor to limit or remove that control.

    17. S22 Duties of Employers An employer must so far as is reasonably practicable • monitor the health of the employees • monitor the conditions at the workplace • provide information to employees (in appropriate languages) concerning health and safety at the workplace, including the names to whom an employee may make an enquiry or complaint about health and safety • keep information and records relating to health and safety of employees • employ or engage qualified people to provide advice on occupational health and safety

    18. S25 Duties of Employees • Take reasonable care of themselves • Take reasonable care of others who may be affected by their acts or omissions • Co-operate with their employer on safety matters • Not to intentionally or recklessly interfere with or misuse anything provided at the workplace in the interests of health, safety or welfare • In determining failure to take reasonable care regard must be had to what the employee knew about the relevant circumstances

    19. S23&24 Employers and Self Employed Persons Responsibility to ensure that persons (other than employees) are not exposed to risks arising from conduct of their undertaking

    20. S27 Duties of Designers of Plant • Must ensure that the plant is designed to be without risks to health and safety when used for the purpose it was designed. • Must carry out tests and examinations to ensure that the plant is safe when used for its intended purpose. • Must provide information about the intended purpose of the plant, test results and any conditions necessary to ensure that it is safe when used for the intended purpose.

    21. S29 Duties of Manufacturers of Plant or Substances • Must ensure that plant and substances are safe when used for the purpose they were manufactured • Must carry out or arrange tests and examinations to ensure that the plant/substance is safe when used for intended purpose • Must give suppliers and users of plant or substances information about: • the intended purpose(s) of the plant or substances, • the results of tests for plant or substances; and • any condition necessary to ensure that when used for intended purpose they are safe.

    22. S40,41&42 Licences, Registration and Permits • Employers must not allow work to be carried out unless the workplace activity, plant or substance is licensed or registered as required under the relevant regulations. • An employer must not allow the person to work unless the person has the required training, qualification, permits or supervision.

    23. Penalties The value of a penalty unit is $110.12 July 2007

    24. Workplace Consultation and Workplace Representation (Duties to consult commenced January 2006)

    25. S35&36 ConsultationEmployer must Consult employees on OHS matters that directly affect them especially for: • Health monitoring • Workplace environmental monitoring • Providing information and training • Membership of any health and safety committee • Proposed changes – workplace, plant, substances, other things, conduct of work performed

    26. S35&36 Consultation Employer must Consult employees on OHS matters that directly affect them especially when: • Identifying or assessing hazards and risks • Making decisions about control measures • Making decisions about the adequacy of facilities • Issue resolution procedures • Consultation procedures

    27. Issue Resolution and Roles of Inspectors

    28. S73(2) Workplace Issue Resolution Duties of Employers • employer’s representative • is not a health and safety representative • has an appropriate level of seniority • is sufficiently competent • resolve health and safety issues

    29. Workplace Issue Resolution Employer and employees affected by the issue must attempt to resolve the issue Step 1 • Employee raises an issue with supervisor and/or health and safety representative and/or management representative (note that an employee from another DWG can raise an issue with another DWG health and safety representative)

    30. Workplace Issue Resolution Step 2 • Issue is reviewed and is resolved – acceptable solution is implemented Step 3 • Issue is not resolved – health and safety representative can issue a PIN Step 4 • Inspector can be called in to resolve the issue

    31. Issue Resolution Flow Chart

    32. Roles and Responsibilities of WorkSafe Inspectors • Monitor and enforce compliance with OHS legislation • Provide information and advice to workplace parties • Assist in resolving OHS issues and disputes • Investigate incidents and complaints • Initiate prosecutions, as required

    33. Technology Area eg. Inspectors may be looking for • Unsafe machinery • Storage of hazardous substances • Storage of materials • Safe work practices

    34. S99 Inspectors General Powers of Entry • inspect, examine and make enquiries • inspect and examine any thing • bring any equipment or materials • seize any thing (including documents) • seize any thing for further testing or examination • take photographs and measurements, make sketches and recordings • exercise any other power • any other thing that is reasonably necessary

    35. Directions and Notices issued by Inspectors • Directions • Verbal or written Directions if there is an immediate threat to health and safety • Non-Disturbance Notice • Stop use, movement of, interference with any plant, substance or thing (no more than 7 days) • Improvement Notice • Situation must be remedied by a given date, can include directions and interim directions and conditions • Prohibition Notice • Prohibits the carrying on of an activity, or the carrying on of the activity in a specified way

    36. Session 2 Plant Safety

    37. Controlling OHS Hazards & Risks

    38. Hazard the potential to cause injury, illness or property damage

    39. Hazards Examples of hazards: • air borne contaminants • noise • dangerous chemicals or harmful substances • moving vehicles • manual handling • oil spills • naked flames • operating machinery

    40. Physicalnoise, vibration, lighting, electrical, temperature, radiation, machinery, fire and explosion Chemicalgases, dusts, fumes, vapours, liquids Ergonomicmanual handling, workplace layout, equipment design, workstation design BiologicalInfections, bacteria, viruses Psychologicalstress, personal threat Hazard Groups

    41. Physical Hazard - Noise

    42. Physical Hazard - Vibration • Whole body • Segmental • White finger

    43. Technology Hazards • Poor design • Cutting • Crushing • Striking • Protrusions stabbing • Impact • Abrasion friction • Entanglement

    44. Physical Hazard - Electric Cause Death and Serious Burns Prevention • Check power tools and leads • Test and tag • Use qualified electricians • Use Earth Leakage Circuit Breakers (ELCBs) • Use rubber insulation • Establish safe work practices

    45. Physical Hazard - Light • Australian Standard 1680 – Interior and Workplace Lighting • Amount of light • Number and position of lights • Interior lighting • Tasks and activities performed

    46. Temperature Cold 21°C 26°C Hot 16°C 30°C Comfort Range

    47. Spills Cleaning agents Poor housekeeping rushing Heights Ladders Lighting Floor coverings Physical Hazard Slips, Trips and Falls

    48. Chemical Hazards • Gases- oxygen, acetylene, nitrogen • Solids - metals,minerals • Liquids - acids, alkalis • Dust - asbestos, wood dust • Mist - paint spray • Vapour - petrol

    49. Ergonomic Hazards Fit the workplace to the worker NOT the worker to the workplace

    50. Ergonomic Hazards • Use mechanical handling devices rather than physical (manual) handling